S. Ogbeifo, E. E. Enakpoya


This study investigated the relationship between Covid-19 anxiety and compliance with preventive protocol among healthcare workers in Delta Central Senatorial District. Four hypotheses guided the study. The correlational research design was employed in the study. The population for the study comprised 1,296 healthcare workers in Delta Central Senatorial District. A sample size of 278 health workers was drawn from health facilities through Proportionate Stratified and convenience sampling techniques. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The instrument was assessed for face, content, and construct validities by experts, while the Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was used to check for the reliability of the items, and it yielded a coefficient of 0.89 and 0.71 for Covid-19 Anxiety Rating Scale and Compliance with Preventive Protocols Rating Scale respectively. The hypotheses were tested with regression statistics and Fisher-z statistics at a 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between health workers with low Covid-19 anxiety and compliance with preventive protocols; that there is a significant relationship between health workers with moderate Covid-19 anxiety and compliance with preventive protocols; and that there is a significant relationship between health workers with high Covid-19 anxiety and compliance with preventive protocols. The finding, however, revealed that there is no significant moderating impact of gender in the relationship between Covid-19 anxiety and compliance with preventive protocols. The study recommended amongst others, that health workers with a low level of Covid-19 anxiety should be reminded and sensitised that the fact that they have a low level of anxiety should not deter them from complying with Covid-19 preventive protocols.


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Covid-19; corona virus; anxiety; prevention protocol; health care workers

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