Eberechukwu Francisca Chigbu


The researchers investigated the effect of e-counselling on career development among undergraduate students of Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Nigeria. The pre-test, post-test, and control group quasi-experimental design was adopted for this study. Two research questions and two null hypothesis tested at a 0.05 level of significance guided the study. The population of this study comprised, 7,032 of 400 level students in Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Nigeria. The researcher sampled 58 students for the study. The sampling techniques employed are purposive and cluster. Two instruments developed by the researcher were used for data collection, namely Students Career Identification Scale (SCIS) and Career Detecting Scale (CDS). The instruments were validated by experts in departments of measurement and valuation as well as Guidance and Counselling. The reliability of the instruments was ascertained through the test-retest method using Cronbach Alpha statistics which yielded reliability coefficients of 0.81 and 0.83 for SCIS and CDS respectively. Data collected were analyzed using mean score and standard deviation to answer the research questions. The hypothesis was tested using the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) at a 5% level of significance. The findings revealed among others that ECM is significantly effective in career development among undergraduates at post-test and follow-up test from the above findings, it was recommended among others, that counsellors should make use of e-counselling in promoting career development among undergraduate students for higher productivity.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


counselling, e-counselling, career development, information and communication technology (ICT)

Full Text:



Akuezuilo, J.A., Bala, A.S., Chigbu, E.F., & Isreal, P.G. (2022), Counsellor’s Participation in Decision Making Process in the Promotion of a Healthy School Climate in Public Secondary Schools in Enugu State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Education, Humanities and Management Science, 4(2), pp.115-124.

Awuni, E.K. (2014). E-counselling implementation: Contextualized Approach. Published thesis from University of Finland. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/10300116/E_counselling_implementation_Contextualized_approach.

Chigbu, E.F., Kani, S.M. (2022). Guidance and Counsellors’ Roles in Equipping Nigerian University Graduates for Employability and Competitiveness in the Global Market.

Prestige Journal of Counselling Psychology, 5(2), pg. 146-153.

Chigbu, E.F., Ngwaka, C., & Grace, C.N. (2020). Counsellor’s perception of cognitive restructuring as a counselling strategy for enhancing self esteem among secondary school students in Enugu State.Sapientia Foundation Journal of Education, Sciences and Gender Studies, 2(3), pg. 267-274.

Chigbu, E.F., Nwobi, N.L., Ngwaka, L.C., & Mokwelu, B.O. (2021). Counselling As Predictor of Secondary School Students’ Desirable Behaviour in Udi Education Zone of Enugu State. Sapientia Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Development Studies, 5(1), pg. 385-396.

Chigbu, E.F., Oguzie, A.E., Nwosu, I.A., Ngwaka, L.C., & Onu, E.A. (2022). Effects of Cognitive Restructuring and Self-Management Techniques on Methamphetamine Abuse among Youth in Enugu State, Nigeria. Human Nature Journal of Social Sciences 3(3), pg. 335-345.

Chigbu, E.F., Ngwaka, L.C., & Onu, E.A. (2020). The relationship between work environment and job satisfaction among secondary school counsellors in Enugu Education Zone of Enugu State. Sapientia Foundation Journal of Education, Sciences and Gender Studies, 3(4), 84-92.

Chigbu, E.F., Suleh, B.A., Nnadi, G. C., & Mokwelu, B.O. (2022). Integration of Digital Technologies for Employability and Global Competitiveness of Professional Counsellors in Imo State, Nigeria. European Journal of Education Studies, 9(5), pg. 285-295.

Cipoletta, S., & Mocellin, D. (2017). Online counselling: An exploratory survey of Italian Psychologists’ attitude towards new ways of interaction. Psychotherapy Research, 28(6), 909-924.

Ezeunara, D.C., Ozoemena, L.C., Ncheke, D.C., Effanga, O.A., Nwankwo, T.I., Chigbu, E. F., Okolo, I., Nwobodo, P., Owobi, I. E., & Odionye, C., (2023). Academic Orientation as A Predictor of School Adjustment of In-School Adolescents in DekinaEducation Zone of Kogi State, Nigeria. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 14(3), pg. 3861-3871.

Fang, L., Tarshis, S., Mclnroy, L., & Mishna, F. (2017). Undergraduate student experience with text-based online counselling. British Journal of Social Work, 1-17.

Foon, L.W., Zainudin, Z.N., Yosop, Y.M., Norhayati, W. & Wan Othman, W.N. (2020). E-counselling: The intention, motivation, and deterrent among school counsellors. Journal of Education Research. 8(3), 44-51. Doi:10.13189/ujer.2020.081605.

Gbemisola, O.B. (2018). The concept of e-counselling:utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in counselling. African Journal Online, vol 26, (1).

Kolog, E.A., Sufinen, E., & Rouho, M.V. (2014). E-counselling implementations, students life stories and counselling technologies in perspective. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. 10(3), 32-48.

Obi, M.C., Oye, N.D., Molid, T.N. & Bernice, A. (2012). The impact of ICT on career counselling services: A case study of Nigeria Secondary Schools, International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education. 1(1), 1-16.

Otu, M.S., Dike, I.C., Ebizie, E.N., Chigbu, E.F., & Otu, F.M. (2021). Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Stress Reduction among Primary Education Pupils in Nigeria. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Makinde, V.I. (2021). E-counselling for quality and sustainable blended learning in higher institution. World journal of innovative research, vol 11(6), 4-8.

Nnadi, G.C., Nnodum, B.I., Chima, I., Chigbu, F.E., & Uzoekwe, H.E. (2022). Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Job Commitment of Secondary School Counsellors in Enugu State, Nigeria. European Journal of Education Studies, 9(5), pg. 248-259.

Van de, L.G., & Van der, T.M. (2016). Establishing working relationship in online social work. Journal of social work.

Zaida, N.Z., Wan Norhayati, W.O., & Yusni, M.I. (2020). E-counselling: The intervention, motivation and deterrent among school counsellors. The Journal Education Research 8(3), 44-51. Doi:10/13189/ujer.2020.08165.

Zainudin, Z.N., Yusop, M.Y. (2018). Client satisfaction in face-to-face counselling and online counselling approaches: A comparison: International Journal Academic Research in Business and Social Science, 8(3), 677-684.

Zamani, Z.A. (2009). Computer technology and counselling school of psychology and human development. Faculty of Social Science and Humanity, Vol.1, 535-537.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejoe.v8i2.4916


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2016-2023. European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies (ISSN 2501-9120) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).