Kartheek R. Balapala, Victor Mwanakasale, Lawson F. Simapuka, Ngala E. Mbiydzenyuy


Elderly persons who live in communities and appear to be in good health frequently experience postural hypotension, which is frequently asymptomatic. Uncertainty exists regarding the relationship between postural changes in blood pressure and numerical factors including age, gender, and body mass index. The goal of the current study is to identify the orthostatic blood pressure (OBP) changing patterns, symptoms, and related factors in various age groups. In this study, sixty participants ranging in age from 20 to 75 years old were used. To check for orthostatic hypotension in these groups, various blood pressure readings are taken in the lying and standing positions at intervals of one minute and three minutes. The findings demonstrated that in the elderly groups, symptoms of headache, blurred vision, dizziness, and lightheadedness were unrelated to orthostatic hypotension. These subjects' Body Mass Indexes were calculated based on their nutritional condition, and they were found to be 60% well-nourished, 6% under-nourished, and 34% overweight. The elderly person had systolic hypotension (P<0.01) more frequently than diastolic hypotension (P>0.05). In the senior group, standing hypotension was equally common in both sexes. BMI declines with aging in males as well, n=60. In all four groups, heart rate readings in the standing position were greater than the supine measurement. In the older population of Ndola which was the subject group of the study, 16.7% had OH. Age and the decline in diastolic blood pressure after three minutes of standing were positively correlated in all males. In all females, a positive link was seen between body mass index and a reduction in diastolic blood pressure after three minutes of standing. After 3 minutes of standing, all males showed a positive link between body mass index and a decrease in systolic blood pressure. Therefore, there is a link between body mass index and a drop in blood pressure readings when standing. On the basis of the current study, we draw the conclusion that orthostatic hypotension rises with age and that symptoms are unrelated to physical measurements.


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