A. Agwu Ibiam, E. Munebe Bekomson, P. Unim Angioha


The study examines those socio-economic determinants of social wellbeing of adolescents in Calabar. The descriptive cross-sectional survey design was adopted in gathering data to determine if socio-environmental factors such as family structure and living condition influence the wellbeing of adolescents. The data was gathered from a sample of 384 from a population of 371,022 from Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria using structured questionnaire. Gathered data was checked for appropriateness and frequency distribution, simple percentages, charts and lineal regression was used to analyses the analyse the variables under study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results shows that Family structure and Living condition are significant determinants of the social wellbeing of adolescent in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Based on these findings, the study hereby recommends amongst others that strategies are needed by various agencies concerned to put in place proper strategies, plans and policies that will support adolescents from broken homes so that those deleterious outcomes that are obvious in the study area can be reduced drastically.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



socio-economic determinants, social wellbeing, adolescents, family structure, living condition

Full Text:



Angioha, P. U., Nwagboso, S. N., Ironbar, A. E. & Ishie, E. U. (2018). Underemployment: A Sociological and Policy Analysis of Workers Well-Being in Hospitality Industry in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), Volume 23, Issue 6, Ver. 5 (June. 2018) PP 57-66.

Attah, F. M., Iji, M. E. & Angioha, P. U. (2019). Associate Factors Affecting the Growth of Micro Business in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. European Journal of Human Resource Management Studies, 2 (2), 81-96.

Bamgbose, O. (2002). Revitalizing the Nigerian adolescent: A consideration of rights and attendant responsibilities. In I. A. Nwazuoke, Y. Bamgbose, & O. A. Moronkola (Eds.), Contemporary issues and researches on adolescents (pp. 15—35 ) Ibadan: Royal People Nigeria Ltd.

Barnes, M., Cullinane, C., Scott, S. and Silvester, H. (2013) People living in bad housing – numbers and health impacts. London: NatCen Social Research.

Bhat, A., & Aminabhavi, V. (2011). Home Environment and Psychosocial Competence of Adolescents. Journal of Psychology (1),57-63.

Brettschneider W. D. & Naul, R. (2007). Obesity in Europe: young people’s physical activity and sedentary lifestyles. In: Sport Sciences International, obesity in Europe, young people’s physical activity and sedentary lifestyles. Peter Lang, Germany, pp.: 7–26.

Ekpo, T. E. & Ajake, U. E. (2013). Family Socio-Economic Status and Delinquency among Senior Secondary School Students in Calabar South, Cross River State, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3 (4), 83-88.

Etuk, G. R., Ihejiamaizu, G. C. & Obaji, N. O. (2016). Residents’ Perception of Youth Gangsterism and Socioeconomic Life in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Social Science for Policy Implications. 4(1), pp. 19-36.

Gore, F. M., Bloem, P. J. N. & Patton, G. C. (2011). Global burden of disease in young people aged 10–24 years: A systematic analysis. Lancet.; 377:2093–2102.

Ginther, D. K. & Pollak, R. K (2004). Family Structure and Children's Educational Outcomes: Blended Families, Stylized Facts, and Descriptive Regressions, Demography, Vol. 41, No. 4, (November 2004), 671-696.

Kyilleh, J. M., Tabong, P. T. & Konlaan, B. B. (2018). Adolescents’ reproductive health knowledge, choices and factors affecting reproductive health choices: a qualitative study in the West Gonja District in Northern region, Ghana. BMC Int Health Hum Rights 18, 6, doi:10.1186/s12914-018-0147-5.

Kabiru, C. W., Izugbara, C. O. & Beguy, D. (2013). The health and wellbeing of young people in sub-Saharan Africa: an under-researched area?. BMC Int Health Hum Rights 13, 11 doi:10.1186/1472-698X-13-11.

Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (2004). The scientific study of adolescent development: Past, present, and future. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 1-12). Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons Inc

Lewin, K. (1938). The conceptual representation and measurement of psychological forces. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York: Harper.

Malik, P. R. & Balda, S. (2006). High IQ adolescents under stress: Do they perform poor in academics, Anthropologist, 8(2): 61-62.

Ojong, M. U., Iji, M. E., Angioha, P.U. (2019).Curing Socio-Economic ILLS in Obudu Local Government Area: An Assessment of Non-Governmental Agencies Activities". Journal of Social Service and Welfare;1(2): 38-45.

Patton, G. C., Coffey, C. & Cappa, C. (2012). Health of the world's adolescents: A synthesis of internationally comparable data. Lancet. 379:1665–1675.

Ukwayi, J. K., Angioha, P. U. & Ojong-Ejoh, M. U. (2018). Youth empowerment: A criminological approach for crime prevention and control in Cross River State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 22 (11), 73-81.

Ukwayi J. K. (Ph.D), Angioha P. U. & Nwagboso S. N. (2018). Poverty and Insecurity: A Dangerous Threat to Business Activities and Development in Calabar South LGA, Cross River State, Nigeria. SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 5(2), 33-38.

Ukwayi, J. K., Angioha, P. U. & Aniah, E. A. (2019). Associate Factor of Trafficking in Women and Children in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. European Journal of Political Science Studies 3 (1), 1-15

USDHHS (2013). Healthy People 2020. Public health infrastructure; Washington, DC: Available from:

World Health Organization (2010). Physical Inactivity: A Global Public Health Problem.

World Health Organization (2014). World Health Organization; Geneva. Health for the world's adolescents. A second chance in the second decade. Available from:, Accessed November 16, 2019.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 A. Agwu Ibiam, E. Munebe Bekomson, P. Unim Angioha

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2019. European Journal of Public Health Studies (ISSN 2668-1056/ISSN-L 2668-1056) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.