Faido Simanjuntak, M. Mulyadi


This research intends to reveal semantic roles of verbs in Toba Batak language. The comprehension method is used in data collection. In doing data research, the method of matching and distribution is used. The distribution method is used with basic techniques like techniques for immediate constituents and advanced techniques like deletion, insertion, inversion, expansion, substitution, and transformation. These roles very much depend on semantic classification of verbs. It is concluded that an action verb has actor roles as agent, and effector and undergoer roles as locative, theme, and patient. A process verb only has a role of undergoer acting as patient. A state verb has an actor role as locative, and undergoer roles as theme and effector. However, a perception verb deliberately has an actor role as agent and the undergoer one as theme.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



semantic role, action verb, process verb, state verb, Toba Batak language

Full Text:



Beratha, N. L. Sutjiati. 2000. Struktur dan Peran Semantis Verba Ujaran Bahasa Bali. Dalam Kajian Serba Linguistik. Kaswanti Purwa (Peny.). Jakarta:PT Penerbit BPK Gunung Mulia.

Mulyadi. 1998. “Struktur Semantis Verba Bahasa Indonesia”. (tesis). Denpasar: Universitas Udayana.

Sudaryanto, 1993. Metode dan Teknik Analisis Bahasa (Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan Secara Linguistis). Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Sudipa, I. Nengah. 2005. Verba Bahasa Bali Sebuah Kajian Peran Semantik. Dalam Bahasa Sastra dan Budaya dalam Untaian Karya. Medan:USU Press.

Van Valin, R. D. dan R. LaPolla. 1999. Syntax: Structure, Meaning, and Function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yenni, Defri 1999. Peran Semantis Verba Bahasa Minangkabau. (Skripsi) Medan: Program Sarjana Universitas Sumatera Utara.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Faido Simanjuntak, M. Mulyadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Literature, Language and Linguistics Studies (ISSN 2559 - 7914 / ISSN-L 2559 - 7914). All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.