Noor Hanim Rahmat


Writers may not like writing for a variety of reasons. Although it may seem that writers do not like the writing process when it comes to academic writing, many factors come into play to cause this problem among writers. This problem in writing is called rhetorical problem. Writers’ rhetorical problems ca be divided into two categories: rhetorical situation and writers’ own goals. The purpose of this study is to explore rhetorical problems faced by writers. Specifically, this quantitative study investigates how the writing teacher and teaching method influence rhetorical problems. In addition to that, this study also explores the influence of perceived writing difficulties and fear of writing on rhetorical problems. A survey with 5 Likert scale was used as the instrument and 108 participants were randomly chosen. Findings revealed a variety of gender differences variety for different sub-sections.


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academic writing, rhetorical problems, rhetorical situation, writer’s own goals

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