Prashneel Ravisan Goundar


Scholars have stated that it is “challenging to describe proficiency” (Goundar, 2020). One of the issues that teachers, researchers, students and language testers encounter is defining “what it actually means to be proficient in an L2”. Language proficiency “is the extent to which an individual possesses the linguistic cognition necessary to function in a given communicative situation, in a given modality such as listening, speaking, reading or writing”. It can be implied that proficiency is often discussed in the context of L2 acquisition, usually measured with test-scores. We conduct language tests in order gauge a learn proficiency. Therefore, it is crucial to first get an overview of the field of language testing. The aim of this paper is to briefly outline what has transpired in the field of language testing over the years.

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language testing, examination, CPE, TOEFL, IELTS

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