LANGUAGE AND BEHAVIOURAL PATTERNS OF THE HAUSAS, IGBOS AND YORUBAS OF NIGERIA

M. Tabang Bisong, Kachua Effumbe

Abstract


This study entitled ‘Language and the behavioural patterns of the Hausas, Ibos, and Yorubas of Nigeria’ is designed to find out whether or not language determines the behaviour of its speakers, using the Hausas, Ibos and Yorubas of Nigeria as a focal point. The theoretical linguistic tool adopted in this study is linguistic determinism championed by Edward Sapir (1884 – 1939) and his follower, Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897 – 1941) in the popular Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. To achieve the objective of this study, linguistic tools such as words, proverbs, idioms and wise-sayings relating to types of food, clothing (wears), politics, education, law and other aspects of the culture of each of the above linguistic communities were randomly collected (through interview) for the purpose of finding out whether any of them can be said to be responsible for any particular behaviour being exhibited by members of the linguistic community. The study unambiguously revealed, among others, that each of the words and expressions is either responsible for the thought pattern of its users, or for a particular behaviour being exhibited by the speakers of the language. This means that the Hausas, Yorubas, and Ibos of Nigeria view life along lines laid down by their respective native languages and as such are (behaviourally) distinct to the extent of the difference in the contents of their languages. Based on the above findings, recommendations are made to the Federal Government of Nigeria, school policy makers, curriculum developers and Language Engineers on how this conflict of thought pattern and world view, occasioned by heterogeneity of language (or culture) in Nigeria may best be handled for socio-political harmony, and peaceful co-existence.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


language and behavioural patterns, Hausas, Igbos, Yorubas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akindele, F. and Adegbite, W. (1999). The sociology and polities of English in Nigeria: An introduction. Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press.

Abiodun, J. O. (2003). Ethnolingustics: the relation of Language to culture. Lagos: Lisjohnson Resources Publishers.

Anagbogu, C., Mba, A. and Eme, E. (1999). Language, society and culture. Ibadan: University of Ibadan press.

Campbell, L. (2009). Language, culture and personality. California; University of California press.

Chomsky, N. (1965) Aspects of Linguistic Theory. Cambridge; MIT press.

Elugbe, B. (1999). Language and Culture. Ibadan: Links books.

Hudson, J. (1990). Language and Social Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jowit, D. (1991). Nigerian English Usage: An introduction. Lagos: Longman Nigeria Plc.

Sapir, E. (1929). Conceptual categories in primitive language. New York: Harcourt – Brace.

Sapir, E (1945). Language. New York: Harcourt – Brace.

Tawo, A. R (2010). An Introduction to the Study of Bokyi Language. Ikom: Bokyi Books.

Tylor E. B. (1999). Primitive Culture. New York: Harper Torch books.

Whorf, B. L. (1956). A linguistic consideration of thinking in primitive communities. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Wilkim, E. (2008). An introduction to sociology. London: Macdonald and Evans Limited.

Womack, M. (1998). Being Human: An introduction to cultural anthropology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 M. Tabang Bisong, Kachua Effumbe

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Literature, Language and Linguistics Studies (ISSN 2559 - 7914 / ISSN-L 2559 - 7914). All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.