Joelito T. Mante, Gaudencio G. Abellanosa


This research aimed to figure out the factors of entrepreneurial intention among senior high school students in various public secondary schools in Tugbok District, Davao City. The non-experimental quantitative research design adopting exploratory factor analysis was used. Three hundred ninety-one respondents were chosen from various public secondary schools through the stratified, random technique. An online instrument using google forms was used to gather the data. Data reduction analysis reduced the multi-dimensionality set of data. Varimax rotation explored the data set with 25 iterations. Factor loadings below .500 were eliminated to realize a more vital separation of components, and eigenvalues greater than one were exposed. The data adequacy was determined by Keiser-Meyer-Olken and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity tested the facts if it is appropriate for factor analysis. Catteel-Scree Plot determined the factors retained, and Thematic analysis was used to generate the constructs. Results showed six dimensions of the entrepreneurial intention of senior high school students, including self-efficacy, perceived desirability, entrepreneurship education, need for achievement, the propensity to risk, and the propensity to act.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


entrepreneurial intention, self-efficacy, perceived desirability, entrepreneurship education, need for achievement, propensity to risk, propensity to act, quantitative research, exploratory factor analysis, Philippines

Full Text:



Ackoff, R., 1953. The design of social research. Chicago: Universidad de Chicago.

Adelaja, A.A., Umar, M.A., Soomiyol, M.T., Ahmad, R., Najeemdeen, I.S. and Abidemi, B.T., 2018. Effectuation Approach in Accessing Significance of Entrepreneurial Education on Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Indian-Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance, 2(4), pp.35-43.

Agu, A.G. and Nwachukwu, A.N., 2020. Exploring the relevance of Igbo traditional business school in the development of entrepreneurial potential and intention in Nigeria. Small Enterprise Research, 27(2), pp.223-239.

Aliman, N.K. and Jalal, H.A., 2013. Entrepreneurial career intentions among Malay Ethnic University students in Malaysia. Business & Applied Sciences, 1(8), p.363.

Alkhatib, K., Al-Aiad, A., Mustafa, M. and Alzubi, S., 2021. Impact factors affecting entrepreneurial intention of Jordanian private universities students: a mediation analysis of perception toward entrepreneurship. In Sustainable and Energy Efficient Computing Paradigms for Society (pp. 53-65). Springer, Cham.

Alshebami, A., Al-Jubari, I., Alyoussef, I. and Raza, M., 2020. Entrepreneurial education as a predicator of community college of Abqaiq students’ entrepreneurial intention. Management Science Letters, 10(15), pp.3605-3612.

Al Mamun, A., Nawi, N.B.C. and Shamsudin, S.F.F.B., 2016. Examining the effects of entrepreneurial competencies on students’ entrepreneurial intention. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), p.119.

Al Mamun, A., Nawi, N.B.C. and Zainol, N.R.B., 2016. Entrepreneurial competencies and performance of informal micro-enterprises in Malaysia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 7(3), pp.273-273.

Antoncic, B., Auer Antoncic, J., Gantar, M., Hisrich, R.D., Marks, L.J., Bachkirov, A.A., Li, Z., Polzin, P., Borges, J.L., Coelho, A. and Kakkonen, M.L., 2016. Risk-taking propensity and entrepreneurship: The role of power distance in six countries. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2016, No. 1, p. 13255). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

Anwar, I., Thoudam, P. and Saleem, I., 2021. Role of entrepreneurial education in shaping entrepreneurial intention among university students: Testing the hypotheses using mediation and moderation approach. Journal of Education for Business, pp.1-13.

Anwar, G. and Abdullah, N.N., 2021. Inspiring future entrepreneurs: The effect of experiential learning on the entrepreneurial intention at higher education. International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences, 6.

Ashour, S., 2016. Social and business entrepreneurship as career options for university students in the United Arab Emirates: The drive–preparedness gap. Cogent Education, 3(1), p.1234425.

Asimakopoulos, G., Hernández, V. and Peña Miguel, J., 2019. Entrepreneurial intention of engineering students: The role of social norms and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Sustainability, 11(16), p.4314.

Asghar, M.Z., Gul, F., Seitamaa-Hakkarainen, P. and Tasdemir, M.Z., 2019. Validating entrepreneurial intentions questionnaire to assess the impact of entrepreneurship education. Eğitim ve bilim.

Atiya, T.M.S., Bilal, Z.O., Abulhamid, M. and Shoaib, S.A., 2019. The impact of entrepreneurial characteristics on entrepreneurial intention of Sudanese and Omani university students. European Scientific Journal, 15(4), pp.1857-7881.

Badel, L. (2017). Self-efficacy, desirability, and feasibility are key to the Entrepreneurial spirit. Available at https://knowledge.em-lyon.com/en/2017/03/01/self-efficacy-desirability-and-feasibility-are-key-to-the-entrepreneurial-spirit/ (Accessed 10 October 2021)

Barba-Sánchez, V. and Atienza-Sahuquillo, C., 2018. Entrepreneurial intention among engineering students: The role of entrepreneurship education. European research on management and business economics, 24(1), pp.53-61.

Bayero, S.A., 2020. Influence of Entrepreneurial Education and Attitude on Entrepreneurial Intention of Graduating Students in a Nigerian University. Online Submission, 1(2), pp.26-55.

Bilgiseven, E.B., 2019. Analysis of factors leading to entrepreneurial intention. Procedia Computer Science, 158, pp.885-890.

Boermans, M.A. and Willebrands, D., 2017. Entrepreneurship, risk perception and firm performance. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 31(4), pp.557-569.

Boahemaah, L., Xin, L., Dogbe, C.S.K. and Pomegbe, W.W.K., 2020. The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Students in Tertiary Institutions. International Journal of Management, Accounting and Economics, 7(4), pp.180-212.

Bui, T.H.V., Nguyen, T.L.T., Tran, M.D. and Nguyen, T.A.T., 2020. Determinants influencing entrepreneurial intention among undergraduates in universities of Vietnam. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business, 7(7), pp.369-378.

Child, D., 2006. The essentials of factor analysis. A&C Black.

Cho, Y.H. and Lee, J.H., 2018. Entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial education and performance. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Chornidio, F.A., 2018. Analysis Of Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intention Among Students of International Programs (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta).

Comrey, A. and Lee, H., 1992. A first course in factor analysis (2nd edn.) Lawrence Earlbaum associates. Publishers: Hillsdale, New Jersey.

Costello, A.B. and Osborne, J., 2005. Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Practical assessment, research, and evaluation, 10(1), p.7.

Çolakoğlu, N. and Gözükara, İ., 2016. A comparison study on personality traits based on the attitudes of university students toward entrepreneurship. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229, pp.133-140.

Darmanto, S., 2016. Pengaruh Perceived Desirability, Perceived Feasibility, Propensity to Act Terhadap Intensi Berwirausaha. Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 1(2).

Davidsson, P., 1995. Determinants of entrepreneurial intentions. In RENT XI Workshop.

Deliana, M., Rahardjo, K. and Afriyanti, T.W., 2019. Influence of Business Education on Entrepreneurial Intention with Feasibility and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy as Intervening Variables. Jurnal Bisnis dan Manajemen, 20(2), pp.125-135.

De Silva, L. and Koggalage, R., 2020. Factors affecting for the entrepreneurship intention of undergraduates. training, 7(5).

Dinis, A., do Paco, A., Ferreira, J., Raposo, M. and Rodrigues, R.G., 2013. Psychological characteristics and entrepreneurial intentions among secondary students. Education+ Training.

Doan, X. and Phan, T., 2020. The impact of entrepreneurial education on entrepreneurial intention: The case of Vietnamese. Management Science Letters, 10(8), pp.1787-1796.

Elali, W. and Al-Yacoub, B., 2016. Factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions among Kuwaitis. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development.

Ermawati, N., Soesilowati, E. and Prasetyo, P.E., 2017. Pengaruh Need for Achivment Dan Locus of Control Terhadap Intensi Berwirausaha Melalui Sikap Siswa Kelas Xii Smk Negeri Se Kota Semarang. Journal of Economic Education, 6(1), pp.66-74.

Farrukh, M., Khan, A.A., Khan, M.S., Ramzani, S.R. and Soladoye, B.S.A., 2017. Entrepreneurial intentions: the role of family factors, personality traits and self-efficacy. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development.

Fems, K.M., Poazi, F.D. and Opigo, H., 2017. Entrepreneurship Education as a Pre Requisite for Graduate Entrepreneurship: A Study of Graduate Entrepreneurs in Yenagoa City. International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 11(3), pp.744-750.

Ferreira, J.J., Fernandes, C.I. and Ratten, V., 2017. The influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions. In Entrepreneurial universities (pp. 19-34). Springer, Cham.

Fragoso, R., Rocha-Junior, W. and Xavier, A., 2020. Determinant factors of entrepreneurial intention among university students in Brazil and Portugal. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 32(1), pp.33-57.

Fuchs, M., 2005. Children and adolescents as respondents. Experiments on question order, response order, scale effects and the effect of numeric values associated with response options. Journal of Official Statistics, 21(4), p.701.

Garaika, G., Margahana, H.M. and Negara, S.T., 2019. Self efficacy, self personality and self confidence on entrepreneurial intention: study on young enterprises. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22(1), pp.1-12.

Ghauri, P., Grønhaug, K. and Strange, R., 2020. Research methods in business studies. Cambridge University Press.

Gorsuch, R.L. (1983). Factor analysis (2nd ed.). Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hadi, N.U., Abdullah, N. and Sentosa, I., 2016. An easy approach to exploratory factor analysis: Marketing perspective. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 6(1), pp.215-215.

Hadjimanolis, A., 2016. Perceptions of the institutional environment and entrepreneurial intentions in a small peripheral country. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 28(1), pp.20-35.

Hair Jr, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L. and Black, W.C., 1998. Multivariate data analysis. 5th Intl. ed Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River.

Halim, F.A., Malim, M.R., Hamdan, S.I., Salehan, A. and Kamaruzzaman, F.S., 2019. Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention among IKN students. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computing, Mathematics and Statistics (iCMS2017) (pp. 545-554). Springer, Singapore.

Hashim, N., 2017. The role of entrepreneurial opportunity recognition on relationship among entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial career option. European journal of Business and Management, 9(30).

Hassan, H., Sade, A.B. and Rahman, M.S., 2020. Shaping entrepreneurial intention among youngsters in Malaysia. Journal of Humanities and Applied Social Sciences.

Hassan, R.A. and Bakri, M.Z., 2016. Self-efficacy and self-independence in promoting self-employment intention among university students. Journal of Research in Business, Economics and Management, 6(2), pp.888-893.

Hasan, S.M., Khan, E.A. and Nabi, M.N.U., 2017. Entrepreneurial education at university level and entrepreneurship development. Education+ Training.

Herdjiono, I., Puspa, Y.H., Maulany, G. and ALDY, E., 2017. The factors affecting entrepreneurship intention.

Hutasuhut, S., 2018. The roles of entrepreneurship knowledge, self efficacy, family, education, and gender on entrepreneurial intention. Dinamika Pendidikan, 13(1), pp.90-105.

Ingabo, O.R., 2017. Effect of university support, societal values and propensity to act on entrepreneurial intentions among students from two Kenyan universities. Researchers World, 8(1), p.108.

Jauhar Masrury, M., 2016. The impact of perceived feasibility and perceived desirability on entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate students in Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta).

Jiang, H., Xiong, W. and Cao, Y., 2017. Research on the mechanism of entrepreneurial education quality, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention in social sciences, engineering and science education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(7), pp.3709-3721.

Jumamil, A.J., Depositario, D.P.T. and Zapata Jr, N.R., 2017. Factors influencing the entrepreneurial intentions of UPLB Agri-based graduates. In DLSU Research Congress.

Kabir, S.M., Haque, A. and Sarwar, A., 2017. Factors affecting the intention to become an entrepreneur: a study from Bangladeshi business graduates perspective. International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems, 1(6), pp.10-19.

Karabulut, A.T., 2016. Personality traits on entrepreneurial intention. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229, pp.12-21.

Kaushik, R., Kumar, R., Datta, M., Kumar, R.K. and Kumar, P., 2020. How Does Perceived Desirability and Perceived Feasibility Effects the Entrepreneurial Intention. In Electronic Systems and Intelligent Computing (pp. 607-616). Springer, Singapore.

Khuong, M.N. and An, N.H., 2016. The factors affecting entrepreneurial intention of the students of Vietnam national university—a mediation analysis of perception toward entrepreneurship. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 4(2), pp.104-111.

Kim-Soon, N., Ahmad, A.R. and Ibrahim, N.N., 2018. Understanding the motivation that shapes entrepreneurship career intention. Entrepreneurship: Development Tendencies and Empirical Approach, 291.

Koenig, L.S., 2016. Integrating entrepreneurial self-efficacy into education at universities. Ekonomski vjesnik/Econviews-Review of Contemporary Business, Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues, 29(2), pp.311-321.

Lim, J.Y., Kim, G.M. and Kim, E.J., 2021. Predictors of entrepreneurial intention of nursing students based on theory of planned behavior. Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare, 14, p.533.

Lopez-Garrido, G. (2020). Self-Efficacy Theory. Available at https://www.simplypsychology.org/self-efficacy.html (Accessed 18 October 2021)

Machmud, S. and Sidharta, I., 2016. Entrepreneurial motivation and business performance of SMEs in the SUCI clothing center, Bandung, Indonesia. DLSU Business & Economics Review, 25(2), pp.63-78.

Maharani, D.F., Indrawati, A. and Saraswati, T.T., 2020. The Influence of Adversity Quotient, Need for Achievement, and Entrepreneurial Attitude on Entrepreneurial Intentions. Jurnal Entrepreneur dan Entrepreneurship, 9(1), pp.9-16.

Martínez, R.G., Ríos-Manríquez, M. and Cervantes, A.L.A., 2019. The Entrepreneurial Intention in University Level Students: The Case of Mexico. In Global Considerations in Entrepreneurship Education and Training (pp. 128-150). IGI Global.

McDonald, R.P., 1985. Factor analysis and related methods. Psychology Press. Mei, H., Lee, C.H. and Xiang, Y., 2020. Entrepreneurship Education and Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention in Higher Education. Education Sciences, 10(9), p.257.

Melinda, R. and Usman, O., 2021. The Influence of Entrepreneurial Education, Need for Achievement and Self-Effication Towards Intention of Entrepreneurs. Need for Achievement and Self-Effication Towards Intention of Entrepreneurs (January 16, 2021).

Miralles, F., Giones, F. and Riverola, C., 2016. Evaluating the impact of prior experience in entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(3), pp.791-813.

Moa-Liberty, A.W., Tunde, A.O. and Tinuola, O.L., 2016. The influence of self efficacy and socio-demographic factors on the entrepreneurial intentions of selected Youth Corp members in Lagos, Nigeria. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, (34), pp.63-71.

Moghavvemi, S., Salleh, N.A.M. and Standing, C., 2016. Entrepreneurs adoption of information system innovation: The impact of individual perception and exogenous factors on entrepreneurs behavior. Internet Research.

Nasip, S., Amirul, S.R., Sondoh Jr, S.L. and Tanakinjal, G.H., 2017. Psychological characteristics and entrepreneurial intention: A study among university students in North Borneo, Malaysia. Education+ Training.

Nasution, M.D.T.P., Siahaan, A.P.U., Rossanty, Y. and Aryza, S., 2018. Entrepreneurship Intention Prediction using Decision Tree and Support Vector Machine. In Proceedings of the Joint Workshop KO2PI and The 1st International Conference on Advance & Scientific Innovation.

Ndofirepi, T.M., Rambe, P. and Dzansi, D.Y., 2018. The relationship among technological creativity, self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions of selected South African university of technology students. Acta Commercii, 18(1), pp.1-14.

Nguyen, A.T., Do, T.H.H., Vu, T.B.T., Dang, K.A. and Nguyen, H.L., 2019. Factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions among youths in Vietnam. Children and Youth Services Review, 99, pp.186-193.

Neill, J., 2008. Writing up a factor analysis. Retrieved September, 7, p.2008.

Nurhayati, M., 2018. The Effect of Several Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurial Intention. Journal of Resources Development and Management.

Nur'arifah, M.R., 2017. Entrepreneurial intention and its influencing factors: a study among UUM undergraduate business students (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Utara Malaysia).

Osiri, J.K., Kungu, K. and Dilbeck, M., 2019. Predictors of entrepreneurial intentions and social entrepreneurial intentions: a look at proactive personality, self-efficacy and creativity. Journal of Business Diversity, 19(1), pp.42-52.

Ozaralli, N. and Rivenburgh, N.K., 2016. Entrepreneurial intention: antecedents to entrepreneurial behavior in the USA and Turkey. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 6(1), pp.1-32.

Park, J.W. and Choi, M.J., 2016. The impact of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention of university students: The moderating effect of regulatory focus. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 11(2), pp.9-19.

Parveen, M., Kassim, N.M. and Zain, M., 2018. Inclinations of Saudi Arabian and Malaysian students towards entrepreneurship. Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management, 11(11), pp.21-36.

Patricia, P. and Silangen, C., 2016. The effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention in Indonesia. DeReMa (Development Research of Management): Jurnal Manajemen, 11(1), pp.67-86.

Patuelli, R., Santarelli, E. and Tubadji, A., 2020. Entrepreneurial intention among high school students: the importance of parents, peers and neighbors. Eurasian Business Review, 10, pp.225-251.

Pérez-López, M.C., González-López, M.J. and Rodríguez-Ariza, L., 2016. Competencies for entrepreneurship as a career option in a challenging employment environment. Career Development International.

Passoni, D. and Glavam, R.B., 2018. Entrepreneurial intention and the effects of entrepreneurial education: Differences among management, engineering, and accounting students. International Journal of Innovation Science.

Popescu, C.C., Bostan, I., Robu, I.B. and Maxim, A., 2016. An analysis of the determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among students: a Romanian case study. Sustainability, 8(8), p.771.

Primandaru, N., 2017. Analisis faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh pada minat berwirausaha mahasiswa. Yogyakarta State University.

Reddy, D.A. and Podile, V., 2021. Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention analysis Among College Students In Covid 19 Time Using Deep Learning Technology. International Journal of Aquatic Science, pp.2134-2141.

Riyanti, B.P.D., Sandroto, C.W. and DW, M.T.W., 2017. Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Enterpreneur of Vocational Graduates. International Research Journal of Business Studies, 9(2).

Rudhumbu, N., Svotwa, D., Munyanyiwa, T. and Mutsau, M., 2016. Attitudes of students towards entrepreneurship education at two selected higher education institutions in Botswana: A critical analysis and reflection. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 5(2), pp.83-83.

Sandi, A. and Nurhayati, M., 2020, February. Effect of Entrepreneurship Education, Family Environment and Self-Efficacy on Students Entrepreneurship Intention. In 4th International Conference on Management, Economics and Business (ICMEB 2019) (pp. 9-12). Atlantis Press.

Saraih, U.N., 2019. Understanding the Relationships between Entrepreneurial Education, Entrepreneurial Implementation and Entrepreneurial Intention: An Empirical Investigation. Asia Proceedings of Social Sciences, 4(2), pp.139-142.

Saraih, U.N., 2019. Understanding the Relationships between Entrepreneurial Education, Entrepreneurial Implementation and Entrepreneurial Intention: An Empirical Investigation. Asia Proceedings of Social Sciences, 4(2), pp.139-142.

Santoso, S., 2018. Influence of motivation and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention to run a business. Retrieved from https://marketing.expertjournals.com/23446773-603/#:~:text=Table%207%20above%20shows%20that,business%20venture%2C%20and%20other%20factors.

Saptono, A., Purwana, D., Wibowo, A., Wibowo, S.F., Mukhtar, S., Yanto, H., Utomo, S.H. and Kusumajanto, D.D., 2019. Assessing The University Students’ entrepreneurial Intention: Entrepreneurial Education and Creativity. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 7(1), pp.505-514.

Saptono, A., Wibowo, A., Narmaditya, B.S., Karyaningsih, R.P.D. and Yanto, H., 2020. Does entrepreneurial education matter for Indonesian students’ entrepreneurial preparation: The mediating role of entrepreneurial mindset and knowledge. Cogent Education, 7(1), p.1836728.

Senior High School in the Philippines (n.d.) Available at https://courses.com.ph/senior-high-school-in-the-philippines-curriculum-breakdown/ (Accessed 20 October 2021)

Shah, I.A., Amjed, S. and Jaboob, S., 2020. The moderating role of entrepreneurship education in shaping entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Economic Structures, 9(1), pp.1-15.

Shaheen, N. and AL-Haddad, S., 2018. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial behavior. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 7(10), pp.2385-2402.

Sherkat, A. and Chenari, A., 2020. Assessing the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in the universities of Tehran province based on an entrepreneurial intention model. Studies in Higher Education, pp.1-19.

Sultan, M.F., Maqsood, A. and Sharif, H.M., 2016. Impact of entrepreneurial education on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. KASBIT Business Journal, 9(1), pp.131-153.

Taha, K.A.S., Ramlan, S.N. and Noor, I.M., 2017. The factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions of university students in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Technopreneurship, 7(2), pp.189-202.

Taherdoost, H., 2016. Sampling methods in research methodology; how to choose a sampling technique for research. How to Choose a Sampling Technique for Research (April 10, 2016).

Tarapuez, E., 2016. Factors affecting the entrepreneurial intention in college students of Quindío (Colombia). Visión de Futuro, 20(13), pp.137-152.

Thoyib, A., Maskie, G. and Ashar, K., 2016. Entrepreneurial characteristics as a mediation of entrepreneurial education influence on entrepreneurial intention. Editorial Review Board, 19(1), p.24.

Toft-Kehler, R.V., 2018. Entrepreneurship as a Career?: An Investigation of the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Experience and Entrepreneurial Outcome. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School (CBS).

Tomy, Sarath, and Eric Pardede. "An entrepreneurial intention model focussing on higher education." International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research (2020).

Torres, F.C., Méndez, J.C.E., Barreto, K.S., Chavarría, A.P., Machuca, K.J. and Guerrero, J.A.O., 2017. Exploring entrepreneurial intentions in Latin American university students. International Journal of Psychological Research, 10(2), pp.46-59.

Turkina, E. and Thai, M.T.T., 2013. Social capital, networks, trust and immigrant entrepreneurship: a cross‐country analysis. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy.

Voda, A.I., Covatariu, D. and Ghiuta, O.A., 2019. Student’s entrepreneurial intentions: role of entrepreneurial education and risk taken ability. Environ. Eng. Manag. J, 18, pp.1527-1534.

Vodă, A.I. and Florea, N., 2019. Impact of personality traits and entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of business and engineering students. Sustainability, 11(4), p.1192.

Vuorio, A.M., Puumalainen, K. and Fellnhofer, K., 2018. Drivers of entrepreneurial intentions in sustainable entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research.

Wah, L.F., Yusuf, B.N.M. and Suanda, J., 2017. A study on factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions among students in higher education institutions in Northern Regions of Malaysia. International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management, 58(1), pp.80-87.

Wang, L.Y. and Huang, J.H., 2019. Effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intentions of students at a university in Hainan province in China: Taking social support as a moderator. Teaching and Education Research, 18(9), pp.183-200.

Wardana, L.W., Handayati, P., Narmaditya, B.S., Wibowo, A., Patma, T.S. and Suprajan, S.E., 2020. Determinant factors of young people in preparing for entrepreneurship: Lesson from Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business, 7(8), pp.555-565.

Williams, B., Onsman, A. and Brown, T., 2010. Exploratory factor analysis: A five step guide for novices. Australasian journal of paramedicine, 8(3).

Weda, G.K., 2017. Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention among Entrepreneurship Students in USIU-Africa (Doctoral dissertation).

Yaacob, M.R., Shaupi, N.S.A. and Shuaib, A.S.M., 2016. Perception towards factors that affect the effectiveness of an entrepreneurship training program. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business (JEB), 4(1), pp.50-58.

Yohana, C., 2021. Determinants of Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention: A Perspective of Tertiary Education in Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi Dan Bisnis (JPEB), 9(1), pp.54-63.

Yukongdi, V. and Lopa, N.Z., 2017. Entrepreneurial intention: a study of individual, situational and gender differences. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development.

Yusoff, A., Ahmad, N.H. and Halim, H.A., 2016. Tailoring future agropreneurs: The impact of academic institutional variables on entrepreneurial drive and intentions. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 19(2), p.156.

Zhang, P., Wang, D.D. and Owen, C.L., 2015. A study of entrepreneurial intention of university students. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 5(1), pp.61-82.

Zieba, K. and Golik, J., 2018. Testing students’ entrepreneurial self-efficacy as an early predictor of entrepreneurial activities: Evidence from the SEAS project.

Zovko, L., Bilić, I. and Dulčić, Ž., 2020. Determinants of students’ entrepreneurial intention: An empirical research. Management: Journal of Contemporary Management Issues, 25(1), pp.25-44.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejmms.v7i3.1274


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Joelito T. Mante, Gaudencio G. Abellanosa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2017-2023. European Journal of Management and Marketing Studies (ISSN 2501 - 9988) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.