Nguyễn Trung Hiểu, Nguyễn Anh Thường


Since ancient times, democracy has played a crucial role in political life. It is associated with essential values such as freedom and equality. The value of democracy is widely recognized, but in terms of form, democracy does not have any general pattern. It is for this reason that democracy in each country is organized differently, leading to the situation where some countries do not fully appreciate the democracy of another country or use their democracy to evaluate and condemn the democracy of another country. This is a considerable barrier to integration and cooperation for mutual development. The people of Vietnam are peace-loving people who wish to cooperate for mutual development with all friendly countries, but Vietnam's foreign relations face many obstacles because of its political characteristics. Democracy in Vietnam was established by President Ho Chi Minh very early, in accordance with the country's own political and historical conditions. Democracy in Vietnam has both a unified and specific connotation compared to the general theory of democracy. The practice of Vietnam's democracy over the years shows that this "specificity" not only does not "distort" democracy but also contributes to enriching and deepening the theory of progressive democracy. The article attempts to analyze Rousseau's theory of democracy in order to clarify common human values about democracy. At the same time, it relates to democracy in Vietnam, thereby aiming to clarify that Vietnamese democracy is a progressive democracy that contributes to the protection and promotion of human rights and civil rights, freedom, and peace in the world. All of this aims to contribute to the improvement of mutual understanding and respect, promoting the spirit of "openness" to international cooperation and dialogue for mutual development in today's era.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Rousseau; democracy; Vietnamese democracy

Full Text:



Bertram, C, 2004. Rousseau and The Social Contract, Published by Routledge. UK.

Cobban, A, 2020. Rousseau and the Modern State, Routledge, UK.

The Communist Party of Vietnam, 2011. Documents of the 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of Việt Nam, The National Political Publishing House, Hanoi.

The Communist Party of Vietnam, 2016. Documents of the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Việt Nam, The National Political Publishing House, Hanoi.

The Complete Works of Ho Chi Minh, 5th volume, 2000. The National Political Publishing House, Hanoi.

Jean Jacques Rousseau, 2008. The Social Contract (Translated by Duong Van Hoa), The Gioi Publishers.

James Delaney, 2009. Starting with Rousseau, Published by Continuum, UK.

Jean Jacques Rousseau, 2008. Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (Translated by G. D. H. Cole), Edited and published by Barnes & Noble.

N. M. Voskresenskaia – N. B. Davletshina, 2008. Democracy - State and Society, Tri Thuc Publishing House.

Nguyen Phu Trong, 2022. Some theoretical and practical issues on socialism and the road to socialism in Vietnam, Su That (Truth) National Political Publishing House, Hanoi.

Phung Van Tuu, 1978. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Hanoi Publishing House.

Ward, L. 2014. Modern Democracy and the Theological-Political Problem in Spinoza, Rousseau, and Jefferson, Palgrave Macmillan, United States.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Nguyễn Trung Hiểu, Nguyễn Anh Thường

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2017 - 2023. European Journal Of Political Science Studies (ISSN 2601-2766) is a registered trademark. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter