TRADITIONAL CULTURE CHANGES OF ETHNIC MINORITY IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS IN THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION: A STUDY OF THE BA NA ETHNIC GROUP IN KON TUM PROVINCE, VIETNAM

Do Thi Cuong

Abstract


Kon Tum is a province located in an important geopolitical position, with 28 ethnic groups living together, of which 7 ethnic groups are local groups: Xo Dang, Ba Na, Gie Trieng, Gia rai, Brau , Ro Mam and Hre with many different cultural characteristics, [1, p.1]. A system of plentiful tangible and intangible cultural heritages bears the distinctive characteristics of the forest culture area, upland farming culture and gong culture. Mr. Koichiro Matsuura - General Director of UNESCO at the ceremony of announcing the Central Highlands Gong Culture, said: “I have enjoyed the very unique Vietnamese style of gong music and have also seen very unique musical instruments in the gong orchestra of ethnic groups in the Central Highlands. This is a very unique traditional culture of Vietnam. It's very wonderful and unique…” [5, p.1]. Nowadays, under the impact of socio-economic conditions, the exchange and integration increase; the culture of the Ba Na ethnic group is undergoing strong changes. We can easily see that, from the daily routines such as eating, clothing, accommodation, travel...to voice, customs and beliefs, as well as images, patterns... are changing. Through the process of researching and surveying ideas of artists, village elders and experts on the Ba Na ethnic group in Kon Tum province, we generalize the changes in traditional culture of the Ba Na ethnic group in Kon Tum province.

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Keywords


cultural change of ethnic minorities, the Ba Na ethnic group, cultural change of the Ba Na ethnic group in Kon Tum province

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References


Committee for Ethnic Affairs of Kon Tum province (2016). Report on summary of the ethnic policy for the period 2016-2020 and propose policy for the period of 2021-2025.

Propaganda and Training Commission of Kon Tum Province (2020), Kon Ray District: Opening classes to teach gongs, xoang dance, http://www.tuyengiaokontum.org.vn/Khoa-giao/huyen-kon-ray-mo-lop-truyen-day-cong-chieng-mua-xoang-2673.html, truy cập 20-11-2020.

Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels (1995). Full, Volume 20, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi.

Ngo Duc Thinh (2006). Vietnamese culture, ethnic culture and culture, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi.

Vietnam Union of UNESCO Associations (2010). The Central Highlands Gongs - Cultural masterpieces of people. http://unescovietnam.vn/vnf/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=286:cng-chieng-tay-nguyen-kit-tac-vn-hoa-ca-nhan-&catid=114:tin-vn-hoa&Itemid=329




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i2.1004

Copyright (c) 2021 Do Thi Cuong

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