SWA+BHAAWA (NATURE): DEFINITION AND UNDERSTANDING / ස්වභාව: නිර්වචනය සහ අවබෝධය

K. Jayantha, R. G. Ariyawansa, U. Anura Kumara

Abstract


The amazing creation of nature is the result of millions of years of continuous existence. It tells a triumphant story about the adaptation of endangered species to a variety of environmental factors. Behind the natural phenomena that include all species such as animals, plants and planets is a dynamic invisible scene. This study explored the doctrine that underlies the active concept of nature. The need to understand what nature is in the long journey of discovering the definition of the concept of sustainability was the main motivation for this study. The objectives of the study were to 1. understand the concept of ‘swabhaawa dharma’ or ‘swabhawa’ (nature) through pada vibhaṁgakaraṇaya’ (word dissociation) method; 2. understand the concept of nature through synonyms; 3. understand the concept of of nature through dictionary definitions; 4. understand the concept of nature through experts' opinions; 5. understand the concept of nature through the ‘nirukthi’ method; 6. understand the concept of nature through findings by scholars and 7. understand the concept of nature by identifying the elements of nature. The study used a descriptive analysis methodology and a ‘sakaaya pada nirukthi’ method for data analysis. As the study data were available in the native language, that is, in Sinhala, the ‘sakaaya pada nirukthi’ method was used as the most appropriate methodology. Given this study’s nature, a novel technique called ‘vida darshanaya’ was successfully used to implement this study’s objectives. Finally, the study found that the concept of nature is mechanized on six components.

සොබාදහම නැමති විස්මිත නිර්මාණය වසර මිලියන ගණනක අඛණ්ඩ පැවැත්මක ප්‍රතිඵලයකි. නොනැසී පවතින ජීව විශේෂයන් විවිධ පාරිසරික හේතූන්වලට අනුවර්තනය වීම පිළිබඳ ජයග්‍රාහී කතාවක් පවසා සිටී. සතුන්, ශාක හා ග්‍රහලෝක ආදී සියලු විශේෂ ඇතුළත් වන ස්වාභාවික සංසිද්ධි පිටුපස ඇත්තේ ගතික අදෘශ්‍යමාන දර්ශනය කි. මෙම අධ්‍යයනය මඟින් සොබාදහමේ ක්‍රියාකාරී සංකල්පයට යටින් පවතින ධර්මතාව ගවේෂණය කරන ලදී. තිරසාරභාවය යන සංකල්පයේ නිර්වචනය සොයා ගැනීම නම් වූ දිගු ගමනේදී සොබාදහම යනු කුමක්දැයි තේරුම් ගැනීමේ අවශ්‍යතාව මෙම අධ්‍යයනය සඳහා වූ ප්‍රධාන පෙළඹවීම විය. ඒ අනුව, පද විභංගකරණ ක්‍රමය භාවිත කරමින් ස්වභාව ධර්මය/ ස්වභාව යන සංකල්පය අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම; ස්වභාව යන සංකල්පය සමාන පද ඔස්සේ අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම; ශබ්ද කෝෂ නිර්වචන තුළින් ස්වභාව යන සංකල්පය අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම; විශේෂඥ මතවාද භාවිත කරමින් ස්වභාව යන සංකල්පය අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම; විද්වතුන් කළ සොයාගැනීම් තුළින් ස්වභාව ධර්මය පිළිබඳ සංකල්පය අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම සහ සොබාදහමේ අංග හඳුනා ගැනීමෙන් සොබාදහමේ සංකල්පය අවබෝධ කර ගැනීම යන අරමුණු මෙම අධ්‍යයනය මඟින් සාක්ෂාත් කර ගැනීමට අපේක්ෂා කරන ලදී. අධ්‍යයනය සඳහා විස්තරාත්මක විශ්ලේෂණ ක්‍රමය සහ දත්ත විශ්ලේෂණය සඳහා සකාය පද නිරුක්ති ක්‍රමය භාවිත කර ඇත. අධ්‍යයනයට පදනම් වන දත්ත ස්වීය භාෂාවෙන් එනම් සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් තිබීම මත සකාය පද නිරුක්ති ක්‍රමය, වඩාත් උචිත ක්‍රමවේදය ලෙස භාවිත කරන ලදී. ‘විද දර්ශනය’ නැමති ක්‍රමවේදයක් ද අධ්‍යයනයේ අරමුණු සාක්ෂාත් කර ගැනීම සඳහා යොදා ගන්නා ලදී. අවසානාත්මක වශයෙන් සොබාදහම නැමති සංකල්පය සංරචක හයක් මත යාන්ත්‍රණය වන බව අධ්‍යයනයෙන් සොයා ගන්නා ලදී.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


definition of swabhaawa (nature); nature; ‘sakaaya nirukthi’ / ස්වභාව අර්ථ දැක්වීම, ස්වභාව ධර්මය, සකාය නිරුක්ති

Full Text:

PDF

References


Avineri, S. (1968). The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx. In The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781139171410

BrainyQuote. (2021). Nature Quotes - BrainyQuote. https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/nature

Buddhist Cultural Center. (2013). Piruwana Books. Ajith Printers (Pvt) Ltd.

Cambridge University Press. (2021a). Being | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/being?q=Being

Cambridge University Press. (2021b). Character | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/character

Cambridge University Press. (2021c). Constitution | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/constitution?q=Constitution

Cambridge University Press. (2021d). Creation | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/creation?q=Creation

Cambridge University Press. (2021e). Disposition | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/disposition?q=Disposition

Cambridge University Press. (2021f). Environment | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/environment?q=Environment

Cambridge University Press. (2021g). Feature | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/feature?q=Features

Cambridge University Press. (2021h). Humour | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/humour

Cambridge University Press. (2021i). Makeup | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/makeup?q=Makeup

Cambridge University Press. (2021j). Nature | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/nature

Cambridge University Press. (2021k). Species | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/species?q=Species

Cambridge University Press. (2021l). Type | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/type

Cambridge University Press. (2021m). Variety | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/variety?q=Variety

Cambridge University Press. (2021n). World | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/world?q=World

Claeys, G. (2000). The "Survival of the Fittest"; and the Origins of Social Darwinism. Journal of the History of Ideas, 61(2), 223–240. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhi.2000.0014

Collins. (2021a). Character definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/character

Collins. (2021b). Nature definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary. Dictionary. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/nature

Collins. (2021c). Nature Synonyms | Collins English Thesaurus (2). Thesaurus. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english-thesaurus/nature/2

Collins, F. S. (n.d.). Double Helix. Retrieved January 27, 2021, from https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Double-Helix

Dictionary.com, L. (2021a). Cosmos | Definition of Cosmos at Dictionary.com. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/cosmos?s=t

Dictionary.com, L. (2021b). Nature | Definition of Nature at Dictionary.com. Dictionary. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/nature

Dictionary.com, L. (2021c). Nature Synonyms, Nature Antonyms | Thesaurus.com. Thesaurus. https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/nature

Elert, G. (2021). Heliocentrism – The Physics Hypertextbook. https://physics.info/heliocentrism/

Encyclopædia Britannica. (2021). Origin of Species | work by Darwin | Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Origin-of-Species

Guttal, S. (2007). Globalisation. Development in Practice, 17(4–5), 523–531. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614520701469492

Hela Bodu Piyuma. (2013). Hela Bodu Piyuma. 10.

Iwanowska, W. (1973). Nocolaus Copernicus and Modern Science. The Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 67(3), 105–114. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/pdf/1973JRASC..67..105I

Kabai, S. (2007). Double Helix - Wolfram Demonstrations Project. Wolfram Demonstrations Project. https://demonstrations.wolfram.com/DoubleHelix/

Khan Academy. (2021). Special relativity | Physics library | Science | Khan Academy. https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/special-relativity

Kulatunga, M. (2020). auto - Madura English-Sinhala Dictionary. Dictionary. https://www.maduraonline.com/?find=auto

Lexico.com. (2021). Nature | Definition of Nature by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.com also meaning of Nature. Dictionary. https://www.lexico.com/definition/nature

Lombardero, M., & Yllera, M. D. M. (2019). Leonardo da Vinci’s animal anatomy: Bear and horse drawings revisited. In Animals (Vol. 9, Issue 7). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9070435

Macmillan Education Limited. (2021). nature synonyms with definition | Macmillan Thesaurus. Thesaurus. https://www.macmillanthesaurus.com/nature

Mainzer, K. (2013). Symmetries of Nature: A Handbook for Philosophy of Nature and Science - Klaus Mainzer - Google Books. Walter de Gruyter. https://books.google.com.hk/books/about/Symmetries_of_Nature.html?id=QekhAAAAQBAJ&redir_esc=y

Marecek, L. (2020). 9.1: Simplify and Use Square Roots - Mathematics LibreTexts. https://math.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Algebra/Book%3A_Elementary_Algebra_(OpenStax)/09%3A_Roots_and_Radicals/9.01%3A_Simplify_and_Use_Square_Roots

Maxwell, N. (2020). Our Fundamental Problem: A Revolutionary Approach to Philosophy - Nicholas Maxwell - Google Books. McGill-Queen’s University Press. https://books.google.com.hk/books?id=oqXgDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT45&dq=Newton%27s+theory+of+gravitation,+it+refers+to+the+property+of+an+object+to+be+attracted+to+each+other&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiA6ZnBk7ruAhU6yosBHaS6AP4Q6AEwAHoECAYQAg#v=onepage&q=Newton’s theory

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021a). Essence | Definition of Essence by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/essence

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021b). Kind | Definition of Kind by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kind

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021c). Mood | Definition of Mood by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mood

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021d). Nature | Definition of Nature by Merriam-Webster. Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nature?src=search-dict-box

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021e). Nature Synonyms, Nature Antonyms | Merriam-Webster Thesaurus. Thesaurus. https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/nature

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021f). Personality | Definition of Personality by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/personality

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021g). Sort | Definition of Sort by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sort

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021h). Temper | Definition of Temper by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/temper

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021i). Temperament | Definition of Temperament by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/temperament

Merriam-Webster, I. (2021j). Universe | Definition of Universe by Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/universe

Ministry of Culture. (1985). Sinhala Dictionary (Volume 10:). State Printing Corporation.

Ministry of Culture. (1992). Sinhala Dictionary (Volume 19:). State Printing Corporation.

National Academy of Sciences (US). (1999). Front Matter | Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences, Second Edition | The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/read/6024/chapter/1

Norton, J. D. (2020). General Relativity. https://www.pitt.edu/~jdnorton/teaching/HPS_0410/chapters/general_relativity/

Palazzo, B. (2016). The numbers of nature: the Fibonacci sequence - Eniscuola. http://www.eniscuola.net/en/2016/06/27/the-numbers-of-nature-the-fibonacci-sequence/

Pearson. (2021). description | meaning of description in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English | LDOCE. https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/description

Reich, D. (2020). The Fibonacci Sequence, Spirals And The Golden Mean. https://math.temple.edu/~reich/Fib/fibo.html

Reverso-Softissimo. (2021a). in nature synonym | English synonyms dictionary | Reverso. https://dictionary.reverso.net/english-synonyms/in+nature

Reverso-Softissimo. (2021b). quality synonym | English synonyms dictionary | Reverso. https://dictionary.reverso.net/english-synonyms/quality

Siegfried, T. (2015). Einstein’s genius changed science’s perception of gravity | Science News. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/einsteins-genius-changed-sciences-perception-gravity

STANDS4 LLC. (2021). Nature Synonyms & Antonyms | Synonyms.com. https://www.synonyms.com/synonym/nature

Su, F. E. (2019). Fibonacci Number Formula – Mudd Math Fun Facts. https://math.hmc.edu/funfacts/fibonacci-number-formula/

The Levin Institute. (2020). What Is Globalization? | Globalization101. https://www.globalization101.org/what-is-globalization/

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2020). The Structure of Scientific Theories (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/structure-scientific-theories/

United Nations. (2020). Gross Domestic Product Per Capita Economic development Macroeconomic Performance Core indicator.

United Nations Development Programme. (2020). Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports. http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi

Will, C. M. (2015). The 1919 measurement of the deflection of light. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 32(12). https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/32/12/124001

Wolff, J., & Leopold, D. (2020). Karl Marx (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marx/

Wyhe, J. van. (2002). The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?viewtype=side&itemID=A32&pageseq=29

yourdictionary.com. (2021). Nature Meaning | Best 34 Definitions of Nature. Dictionary. https://www.yourdictionary.com/nature

Yule, H., Burnell, A. C., & Crooke, W. (2013). Hobson Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical, and Discursive. New Age Books. https://www.amazon.com/Hobson-Jobson-Anglo-Indian-Etymological-Geographical/dp/8178224429




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i2.1011

Copyright (c) 2021 K. Jayantha, R. G. Ariyawansa, U. Anura Kumara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter