Stergiani Giaouri


Today, the development of telepsychology and the use of technology as a means of service and ongoing care was considered as a potentially feasible and effective alternative or as a complement to the psychological services provided by experts in various fields or in emergency situations. The following text presents the theoretical and empirical data on the forms and main types of telepsychology and then highlights the benefits and potential challenges of providing distance mental health services in the field of education and in different population groups. This trend creates new conditions and gives another impetus to the future, development and evolution of school psychology in Greece. In particular, the effort to connect theory, research and practical application at many levels, alternatively or complementarily through the use of new technologies marks this dynamic process of change focusing on the multifaceted needs, rights and care of members of the educational community.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


telepsychology, distance mental health services, school

Full Text:



A.P.A. (1997). APA Statement on Services by Telephone, Teleconferencing, and Internet. American Psychological Association, Washington.

A.P.A. (2007). Record keeping guidelines. American Psychologist, 62, 993-1004.

A.P.A. (2010). Telepsychology is on the rise. Monitor on Psychology, 41, 11.

A.P.A. (2013a). Guidelines for the Practice of Telepsychology.

A.P.A. (2013b). Telepsychology & persons with disabilities.

Bice-Urbach, B.J., & Kratochwill, T.R. (2016). Teleconsultation: The Use of Technology to Improve Evidence-Based Practices in Rural Communities. Journal of School Psychology, 56, 27-43.

B.P.S. (2001). The provision of psychological services via the Internet and other non-direct means. British Psychological Society, London.

Chapman, R.A., Baker, S., Nassar-McMillan, S.C., & Gerler, E.R. (2011). Cybersupervision: Further Examination of Synchronous and Asynchronous Modalities in Counseling Practicum Supervision. Counselor Education and Supervision, 50(5), 298-313.

Cipolletta, S., & Mocellin, D. (2016). Online counseling: An exploratory survey of Italian psychologists’ attitudes towards new ways of interaction. Psychotherapy Research, 28(6), 909-924.

Colbow, A.J. (2013). Looking to the future: Integrating telemental health therapy into psychologist training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(3), 155–165.

Corey, G., Corey, M.S., Corey, C., & Callanan, P. (2015). Issues and ethics in the helping professions (9th Ed.). Stamford, CT: Brooks/Cole.

Currie, N. (2010). Virtual counseling for students enrolled in online educational programs. Educational Considerations, 37, 22–26.

Dopp, A.R., Wolkowicz, N., Mapes, A., & Feldner, M.T. (2017). Implementation of telepsychology services in a university training clinic: Process and lessons learned. The Behavior Therapist, 40(7), 261–267.

Eby, M.D., Chin, J.L., Rollock, D., Schwartz, J.P., & Worrell, F.C. (2011). Professional psychology training in the era of a thousand flowers: Dilemmas and challenges for the future. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 5(2), 57–68.

Eonta, A.M., Christon, L., Hourigan, S.E., & Ravindran, N. (2011). Using everyday technology to enhance evidence-based treatments. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 42(6), 513.

Fischer, A.J., Collins, T.A., Dart, E.H., & Radley, K.C. (2018) Technology Applications in School Psychology Consultation, Supervision, and Training. Routledge.

Fukkink, R.G., & Hermanns, J. (2009). Children’s experiences with chat support and telephone support. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(6), 759-766.

Giaouri, S. (2020). Guide to providing telepsychology services in the educational field. Kozani: En-tiposis.

Glueckauf, R.L., Radunovich, H., Mcquillen, D.E., Webb, P.M., & Dairaghi, J. (2002). Therapeutic Alliance in Family Therapy for Adolescents with Epilepsy: An Exploratory Study American Journal of Family Therapy, 30(2), 125-139.

Godine, N., & Barnett, J. E. (2013). The use of telepsychology in clinical practice: Benefits, effectiveness, and issues to consider. International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning, 3(4), 70–83.

Gonzalez, M.L.S., McCord, C.E., Dopp, A.R., Tarlow, K.R., Dickey, N.J., McMaughan, D.K., & Elliott, T.R. (2019). Telemental health training and delivery in primary care: A case report of interdisciplinary treatment. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75(2), 260–270.

Hilty, D.M., Chan, S., Hwang, T., Wong, A., & Bauer, A.M. (2017). Advances in mobile mental health: opportunities and implications for the spectrum of e-mental health services. mHealth, 3, 34.

Holländare, F., Andersson, G., & Engström, I. (2010). A comparison of psychometric properties between Internet and paper versions of two depression instruments (BDI-II and MADRS-S) administered to clinic patients. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12(5), 49.

King, L.A., Hicks, J., Krull, J.L., & Gaiso, A.K.D. (2006). Positive affect and the experience of meaning in life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(1), 179-196.

Lee, S. (2010). Contemporary Issues of Ethical E-therapy. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 5 (1), 1-5.

Lindhiem, O., Bennett, C.B., Rosen, D., & Silk, J. (2015). Mobile technology boosts the effectiveness of

Maheu, M.M., Drude, K.P., Merrill, C.A., Callan, J.E., & Hilty, D.M. (2020). Telebehavioral health: Foundation in theory and practice for graduate learners. San Diego, CA: Cognella Academic Publishing.

Martin, J.N., Millán, F., & Campbell, L.F. (2020). Telepsychology practice: Primer and first steps. Practice Innovations, 5(2), 114-127.

Mendes-Santos, C., Weiderpass, E., Santana, R., & Andersson, G. (2020). Portuguese psychologists' attitudes toward Internet interventions: Exploratory cross-sectional study. JMIR Mental Health, 7(4), 1-17.

McCord, C., Bernhard, P., Walsh, Mc. Rosner, C., & Console, K. (2020). A consolidated model for telepsychology practice Journal of Clinical Psychology, 76(2), 1060-1082.

McCord, C.E., Saenz, J. J., Armstrong, T.W., & Elliott, T.R. (2015). Training the next generation of counseling psychologists in the practice of telepsychology. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 28(3), 324–344.

McEwen, F.S., Bosqui, T., Chehade, N., Saad, S., Rahman, D.A., Skavenski, S., Murray, L., & Pluess, M. & the t-CETA study team (2020). Delivering Psychological Treatment to Children Via Phone, Version 5, 8th April 2020Elrha’s Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC) Programme.

McKay, J. C., Vásquez, Á. R., Chipp, C. L., Ford, T. J., Robinson, R. V., Sharma, D. K. B., … Dulin, P. L. (2013). Divided by miles, connected by purpose: Telepsychology technology in a graduate training program. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(3), 166–173.

Myers, K.M., Valentine, J.M., & Melzer, S.M. (2007). Feasibility, acceptability, and sustainability of telepsychiatry for children and adolescents. Psychiatry Services, 58 (11), 1493-1496.

National Association of School Psychologists (2017). Guidance for Delivery of School Psychological Telehealth Services. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

Nelson, E., Leibenluft, E., Tone, E.B., & Pine, D.S. (2003). The social re-orientation of adolescence: A neuroscience perspective on the process and its relation to psychopathology. Psychological Medicine, 35(2), 163-174.

Nelson, E., & Bui, T. (2010). Rural Telepsychology Services for Children and Adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(5), 490-501.

Norcross, J.C., & Lambert, M.J. (2011). Psychotherapy relationships that work II. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 4–8.

Osborn, D. S., Peterson, G. W., & Hale, R. R. (2015). Virtual School Counseling. Professional School Counseling. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1520619597_03d9a057

Reynolds, C.A., & Maughan, E.D. (2015). Telehealth in the school setting: An integrative review. The Journal of School Nursing, 31(1), 44-53.

Robertson, S.L. (2018). The Role of Technology in Service Delivery for People with Disabilities in Rural Communities. In D.A. Harley, N.A. Ysasi, M.L. Bishop., A.R. Fleming (Eds.), Disability and Vocational Rehabilitation in Rural Settings: Challenges to Service Delivery, (pp.59-76). Springer.

Rodolfa, E., Bent, R., Eisman, E., Nelson, P., Rehm, L., & Ritchie, P. (2005). A cube model for competency development: Implications for psychology educators and regulators. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(4), 347–354.

Santhiveeran, J. (2004). E-Therapy: Scope, Concerns, Ethical Standards, and Feasibility. Journal of Family Social Work, 8(3), 37-54.

Scaini, S., Belotti, R., Ogliari, A., & Battaglia, M. (2016). A comprehensive meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral interventions for social anxiety disorder in children and adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 42, 105-112.

Slone, N.C., Reese, R.J., & McClellan, M.J. (2012). Telepsychology outcome research with children and adolescents: A review of the literature. Psychological Services, 9(3), 272-292.

Stokes, A. (2016). Telephone and E-Counselling Training Curriculum. A research-based curriculum framework for telephone and e-counselling. BACP Professional Standards.

Sucala M., Schnur J.B., Constantino M.J., Miller S.J., Brackman E.H., & Montgomery G.H. (2012).The therapeutic relationship in e-therapy for mental health: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14, 110–187.

van Houwelingena, C.T.M., Moermanb, A.H., Ettemaa, R.G.A., Korta, H.C.M., & Cate. O.T. (2016). Competencies required for nursing telehealth activities: A Delphi-study. Nurse Education Today, 39, 50-62.

Wilczenski, F. L., & Coomey, S. M. (2006). Cyber-communication: Finding its place in school counseling practice, education, and professional development. Professional School Counseling, 9(4), 327-331.

Yellowlees, P.M., Hilty, D.M., Marks, S.L., Neufeld, J., & Bourgeois, J.A. (2008). A retrospective analysis of a child and adolescent eMental health program. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(1), 103-107.

Zirkelback, E.A., & Reese, R.J. (2010). A review of psychotherapy outcome research: Considerations for school-based mental health providers. Psychology in the Schools, 47(10), 1084–1100.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i3.1026

Copyright (c) 2021 Stergiani Giaouri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2016 - 2023. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter