REGULATIONS IN THE SOCIAL WELFARE STATE: NORDIC COUNTRIES AND TURKEY EXAMPLE

Nagihan Ozkanca Andic, Ekrem Karayilmazlar

Abstract


The Public Expenditure/GDP ratio is one of the most significant metrics that measure the state's share of the economy. It can be said that there is an interventionist state type in countries where this rate is high, or it can be argued that the share of the public sector in the economy is low in countries where this rate is low. It is also possible to argue that the countries' economic, sociological, and political factors play an essential role in determining this ratio. Regulations, which are the most important tools of the welfare state, may arise through economic controls as well as through social policies. This study aims to find an answer to the question of whether this situation is possible for a developing country such as Turkey while Nordic countries, which determine a system different from other welfare models, succeed in raising social welfare without giving up the principles such as equality and justice that they have despite the globalization effect. The data obtained by various methods were subjected to comparison using the Data Envelopment Analysis method in order to achieve this purpose.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


welfare states, regulation, Nordic model, data envelopment analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersen, T. (2004). Challenges to the Scandinavian Welfare Model, European Journal of Political Economy, Cilt:20, Sayı:3, 743–754.

Andersen, T. M., Holmström, B., Honkapohja, S., Korkman, S., Söderström, H. T. ve Vartiainen, J. (2007). The Nordic Model: Embracing Globalization and Sharing Risks. Helsinki: The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, ETLA, Helsinki.

Anderson, T. R. (2004). Benchmarking in Sports, in Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis (W. W. Cooper, L. M. Seifort & J. Zhu), Kluwer Academic Publisher, New York, 15, pp.444-446.

Bulutoğlu, K. (1981). Kamu Ekonomisine Giriş Devletin Bir Ekonomik Kuramı, Filiz Kitabevi, İstanbul.

Boratav, K. (1965). Kamu Maliyesi ve Gelir Dağılımı, Sevinç Matbaası, Ankara.

CEPA Working Paper, (1996). A Guide to Deap Version 2.1: A Data Envelopment Analysis Programme, No:8, Australia.

Charnes, W. Cooper, E. Rhodes (1978). Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units. European Journal of Operations Research. 2, 429-444.

Cook, W. D. & Seiford, L. M. (2009). Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) – Thirty Years On, European Journal of Operational Research, Cilt:192, Sayı:1, 1-17.

Dodson, B. & Paramo, J. M. (2003). The Role of the State and Consequences of Alternative Forms of Public Expenditure Financing, World Bank Institute, The World Bank, Washington, D. C.

Fanchon, P. (2003). Variable Selection for Dynamic Measures of Efficiency in the Computer Industry, IAER, Cilt: 9, Sayı: 3, 175-188.

Farrell, M. J. (1957). The Measurement of Productive Efficiency, Journal of The Royal Statistical Society, Cilt: 120, Sayı: 3, 253-290.

Harrison, J. P. & Meyer, S. (2014). Measuring Efficiency among US Federal Hospitals, Health Care Manager, Cilt:33, Sayı:2, 117-127.

Lindbeck, A. (1997). The Swedish Experiment, Journal of Economic Literature, Cilt:35, 1271-1297.

Musgrave, R. & Musgrave, P. (1989). Public Finance in Theory and Practise. Fifth Edition. McGraw-Hill Book, International Edition.

Özdemir, S. (2004). Küreselleşme Sürecinde Refah Devleti, İstanbul Ticaret Odası Yayınları, İstanbul.

Patomaki, Heikki, (2003). An Optical Illusion: The Finnish Model for the Information Age, Theory, Culture & Society, SAGE, London, Thousand Oaks and New Delhi.

Sarı, Z. (2015). Veri Zarflama Analizi ve Bir Uygulama, (Basılmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi), Hacettepe Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Tavares, G. (2002). A Bibliography of Data Envelopment Analysis (1978-2001), Rutcor Researcher Report No:01-02, Rutgers University, New Jersey.

World Bank, (1997). World Development Report: The State in a Changing World ~Oxford University Press, New York.

World Bank, (2001). World Development Report: Attacking Poverty, Oxford University Press, New York.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i3.1038

Copyright (c) 2021 Nagihan Ozkanca Andic, Ekrem Karayilmazlar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter