Gabriel Olusegun Ayeni


Every nation in the world, developed or developing has a number of the population living below the poverty line. There has been explosive growth in global urban population as a result of natural population growth and rural to urban migration. Most inhabitants in World's cities experience urban poverty. There is the need to know who the poor are and where they are located hence, this study focuses on the evaluation of intra-urban poverty of Ado- Ekiti through the application of Geographical Information Systems. The data used for the study were collected through the administration of 510 copies of well-structured questionnaire. The Stratified Random Sampling technique was used in the administration of the questionnaire and the result was subjected to Factor Analysis Statistics. The following factors: Income, Housing and Housing characteristics (14.65%), Commerce and Communication (8.98%), Educational facilities (5.72%), Roads and Drainages (4.99%) and Water facilities (4.08%) were mapped. It was discovered that there was a spatial variation in the intra-urban poverty of the capital city. The farm settlement ward was found to be the poorest compared to other wards. It was recommended that Geographical Information Systems should be applied to test-run some of the developmental policies and programmes before the actual implementation by the government and other donor agencies.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


factor analysis, geostatic analysis, inverse distance weighted, poverty, geographical information systems


United Nations. (2007). Commission on Sustainable Development. Fifth Session Report, 7-25, New York: UN.

Carley, M., Jerkins, P. and Smith, H. (2001). Urban Development & Civil Society: The role of Communities in Sustainable Cities. Earthscan publications lit, London and Sterling, VA.

National Planning Commission, (2007). Poverty profiles of Nigeria.

Tipping, D.C., Adom, D. and Tiaijuka, A. C. (2005). UN-Habitat Achieving Health Urban Futures in the 21st Century: New Approach to Financing and Governance of Access to Clean Drinking water and Basic Sanitation as a Global Public Good. Un-HABITAT.

Paterson, C., Mara, D. and Curtis, T. (2007). Pro-poor Sanitation Technologies. Geo-forum. Spinger, 10:260-275.

Ndahlahwa, F.M. (2005). Impacts of Population Pressure and Poverty Alleviation Strategies on Common Property Resource Availability in Rural Tanzania. African Journal of Environment Assessment and Management. Ajeam-Ragee, 10: 26-49.

Ujoh, F., Kwabe, I.D. and Ifatimehin, O.O. (2010). Understanding Urban Sprawl in the Federal Capital City, Abuja: Towards Sustainable Urbanization in Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning. 3(5).106-113. (Online). Available: (July 19, 2011)

Ajanlekoko, J. S. (2001). Sustainable Housing Development in Nigeria: The financial and infrastructural implication. International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development. Nairobi, Kenya. (Online). Available: (March 27, 2009).

Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN) (2007). Official Gazette on the breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census. S.I. No. 23 of 2007, 94 (24), Lagos.

Jiboye, A. D. (2011a). Shelter for the Urban Homeless: The Challenge for Sustainable Cities' Development in Nigeria. The Built & Human Environment Review. 4 (2), 14-21.

Ayeni, G. O. and Adebayo, W. O. (2016). Application of Factor Analysis for the Evaluation and Determination of critical Factors Responsible for Urban Poverty in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Research. ISSN: 2411-5681. Vol. 4 No. 7 July, 2016.

Oladunjoye, A. O. (2005). Nigeria: Implementation of the Sustainable Cities Programme in Nigeria. Localizing Agenda 21 Programme. United Nations Programme for Human Settlements. (UN-HABITAT). United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Havana, Cuba. (Online). Available: (September 30, 2010).

Ajala, O.A. (2005). "Environmental Impact of Urbanization: The Challenges to urban governance in Nigeria". In, Fadare, W et al. (Eds.). Proceedings of the conference on Globalization Culture and the Nigerian Built Environment. Vol. II. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria.

Ogunleye, B. (2005). Environmental Degradation Control for Sustainable Urban Growth in Nigeria. In, W. Fadare, et al. (Eds). Proceedings of the Conference on Globalization, Culture and the Nigerian Built Environment. Vol. II. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Jiboye, A.D. (2011b). Achieving Sustainable Housing Development in Nigeria: A critical Challenge to Governance. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 1 (9), 121-127.

Stephens, C and others. (1997). Urban Equity and Urban Health: Using Data to Understamd Inequalities in Health and Environment in Accra, Ghana, and Sao Paulo, Brazil. Environment and Urbanization 9 (1). Nottingham, U. K: Russell Press.

Ayeni, G.O. & Bankole, B. O. (2015). Poverty Mapping: Potential application in the analysis of poverty in Ekiti- State, Nigeria. International Journal of innovative Research and Advanced studies (IJIRAS). ISSN: 2394-4404, (Online) Vol. 2, Issue 6, 2015.

Adebayo, W.O. and Kolawole, G.T. (2010). Cultural Festival in Ekiti State: Prospects and Challenges on Tourism Development, a case study of Ado- Ekiti. Journal of Geography, Environment & Planning. ISSN: 1595-4373. Vol. 6, No. 1. March, 2010.

Watson, D.F. & Philip, G.M. (1985). A Refinement of Inverse Distance Weighted Interpolation. Geoprocessing, 2: 315-327.

Copyright (c) 2018 Gabriel Olusegun Ayeni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter