GOLD ORE WASTE MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES AT RENCO MINE, ZIMBABWE

Tatenda Mutsvanga, Jemitias Mapira, Nyashadzashe Ngaza

Abstract


The question of the sustainability of a mine is extremely difficult to answer, and requires substantive data and other issues to be put into context. This study highlights the major types of waste that are accumulating in a mine both surface and underground. The study also reveals what has been done by Renco Mine in dealing with waste associated with the mining of gold. It shows that little has been done in the reduction of waste generated by mining activities. The issue of waste management is correctly perceived to be a major issue for municipal councils and the manufacturing, construction and chemicals industries. There is less recognition, however, of the vastly larger quantity of solid wastes produced by the mining industry. The reasons for this are most likely due to the perceived relatively benign nature of mine wastes, remoteness from populations, apparent success in mine waste management, or other factors. Waste rock is generally the only waste type which could pose a significant long term environmental threat, as it could contain significant sulfide mineralization. This paper examines waste management challenges at Renco Mine (Zimbabwe) and makes several recommendations at the end.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


gold mining, waste, challenges, Renco Mine, Zimbabwe

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adler, R. & Rascher, J, (2007). A Strategy for the Management of Acid Mine Drainage from Gold Mines in Gauteng. Report. No CSIR/NRE/PW/ER/2007/0053/C. CSIR, Pretoria.

Ajusa, J, (2003). A review of refactrory ore processes, A and B Metallurgical Consultants, Kwekwe, Zimbabwe.

Allen, J, (1995). Personal communication with J. Allen, Indiana Department of Natural Resources,

Anon, B, (2006). Dirty Metal, Mining Communities and Environment, Earthworks, Oxfam America, Washington, pp 4

Ashton. P, (1999). Using Environmental impact assessments to determine the consequences of mining activities and to highlight the costs of sustainable development In: Proceedings of the conference n environmental management systems in mining, 11-13 October 1999, Kempton Park.

Baker, T.L, (1999). Doing Social Research (3rd edition). McGraw Hill, Boston.

Beach, G, (1995). Personal communication with G. Beach, Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality.

Best C. and Khan J., (1993).Quantitative Research Methods for Business and Economics, Random House Publishers, New York.

Bryman, A, (2012). Social Research Methods, 4th Edition, Oxford, New York.

Council of the European union, (2000).Council conclusions on promoting sustainable development in the EU non .energy extractive industry SN 3085/2000 REV2 13 June 2000

Creswell, J W, (2003). ‘Research Design’: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approach, 2nd edition, Sage Publications Ltd, London Creswell, (2009). Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Methods Approachs, Lewis Publishers, Chelsea

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y.S, (2008). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research (p1-43). In Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.) The Landscape of qualitative research 3rd Ed. Los Angeles: Sage. DOI: 10.1037/0022-0167.52.2.137

Durrheim, K, (2009). Research Design (29-53). In Terre Blanche, M. & Durrheim, K (Eds.).Research in Practice: Applied methods for the social sciences. UCT Press, Cape Town.

European environmental bureau (EEB), (2000). The Environmental performance of the mining industry and the action necessary to strengthen European legislation in the wake of the Tisza-Danube pollution October 2000

Fowler, F. J, (2009). Survey research methods (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hunt, T.C, (1989). Mined Land Reclamation in Wisconsin since 1973.Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Institute for Environmental Studies, Madison.

Jerie and Sibanda, (2010).The environmental effects of effluent disposal at Gold mines in Zimbabwe. Case of Tiger Reef Mine in Kwekwe.

Kleinmann, R.L.P.,Crerar, D.A., and Pacelli, R.R, (1980).Biogeochemistry of Acid Mine Drainage and a Method to Control Acid Formation. Mining Engineering, vol. 33, p.300-306.

Lapakko, K. (1991). Non-Ferrous Mine Waste Characterization Project. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Mineral Resources Division. 68p.

Lottermoser, B.G, (2011).Recycling, Reuse and Rehabilitation of Mine Wastes. Elements,. 7: p. 405-410.

Rankin, W.J, (2011).Minerals, metals and sustainability: meeting future material needs., Collingwood.

Regional government of Andalusia, (2000).Cross-border program for the environmental rehabilitation and sustainable development of the Iberian Pyrite Belt. Andalusia-Alentejo December 2000

Tchobanoglous, G. Theisen, V, Vigil, S, (1993), Integrated Solid Waste Management. Engineering Principles and Management Issues, McGraw Hill Publishers, New York.

Terre Blanche, M., and Kelly, K, (1999).Interpretive methods (123-146).In Terre Blanche, M. and Durrheim, K (Eds.).Research in Practice: Applied methods for the social sciences, Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Thomas. F, (2009).A Guide for Students in Education and Applied Social Sciences, Sage Publications, New Delhi

Trochmi, W.M.K, (2006). Research Methods base, online http://www.socialresearchmethods.net, Accessed (10/03/2018)

Vallero, D., (2007). Fundamentals of Air Pollution. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Yap, N., T., (1995). Waste Management for Sustainable Development in India, McGraw Hill Publishers, New Delhi.

Younger, P.L., S.A. Banwart and R.S. Hedin, (2002). Mine Water: Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.428

Copyright (c) 2018 Tatenda Mutsvanga, Jemitias Mapira, Nyashadzashe Ngaza

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter