IMPLEMENTATION OF BANGLADESH CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN (BCCSAP, 2009): GAPS BETWEEN POLICY AND PRACTICES

Shakila Yasmin

Abstract


This study pursued to analyze the performance of Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP, 2009) during its implementation period and find out the loopholes and bottleneck between policy and Practices. The study conducts impact study of some climate change related projects address the six theme of BCCSAP and financed by Climate Change Trust Fund, (CCTF) Bangladesh. The models of these projects are innovative and research oriented and belongs the different six themes of Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP, 2009). The main objectives of the study are to conduct an independent and critical evaluation of the result achieved to date from the selected projects, to identify the gaps in existing acts, policies, and practices and finally develop a number of go-forward scenarios and options; in that connection select the best strategies and develop a roadmap towards that. The study used both secondary (from existing literature) and Primary data (collected under this study). Secondary data have been collected from the selected six projects documents, project completion report, Audit report etc. Primary data have been collected from a mixed method approach, combining quantitative and qualitative methodologies e.g household and community surveys, institutional analysis, participatory rapid appraisal, Key Informant Interviews, Focused Group Discussion. Appropriate methodology was utilized for analyzing information of selected 6 projects. The result of the study showed that such types of innovative and research projects should be given priority for implementation under Climate Change Trust Fund as a pilot basis. For scale up these projects at a large scale development partners should come forward. At the implementation period and furthermore these projects play an important role to address the climate change issues in Bangladesh but lack of proper maintenance mechanism it could not sustain in the long run. In order to maintain sustainability, maintenance should be ensured both from the funding and implementing agency. Moreover, the study reveals a substantial gap in level of integration between different policies and cross referencing between national and sectoral policies and plans. For optimal level of performance, a balanced influence and integration between sectoral policies and climate change policy should be needed.

 

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Keywords


Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund, Bangladesh Climate Change Trust, Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, 2009, adaptation, mitigation, vulnerability, Strategic Environment Assessment

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References


Kabir, Russell (2014), The impacts of cyclones Sidr and Aila on the health of the coastal people of Bangladesh. PhD thesis, Middlesex University.

Agrawala, S., Ota, T., Ahmed, A.U., Smoth, J., Aalst, M.V., 2003. Development and Climate Change in Bangladesh: Focus on Coastal Flooding and the Sundarbans, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris.

Draft Report of Assess the Monitoring, Evaluation Procedure of BCCT and the impact assessment of CCTF Projects by Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, BIDS (October, 2018)

Ministry of Environment and Forest (2009). Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Rashid, A.K.M & Khan, M.R. (2013). Community Based Adaptation: Theory and Practice in Shaw, R., Mallick, F. & Islam, A. (eds), Climate Change Adaptation Actions in Bangladesh. Tokyo: Springer.

www.bcct.gov.bd




Copyright (c) 2018 Shakila Yasmin

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