JOINT INFLUENCE OF PSYCHO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES ON ADOLESCENTS’ GAMBLING BEHAVIOUR IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

Isukwem Gideon Chidozie, Rosemary Obiagaeri Ekechukwu

Abstract


The study investigated the joint influence of psycho-demographic variables on adolescents gambling behaviour in Rivers State. The study used the ex-post-facto and correlational research designs. One research questions and one corresponding hypothesis guided the study. The population of the study comprised all 9636 students in senior secondary class two from 3 Local Government Areas (Obio/Apkor, Ahoada East, and Eleme) in the 3 Senatorial Zones of Rivers West, East, and Rivers South of Rivers State, Nigeria. A sample of 963 students (male 581 and female 382) was randomly drawn using purposive sampling technique from the 40 schools in the sampled 3 Local Government Areas. Four instruments were used to collect data for the study and they include; Adolescent Gambling Behaviour Index (AGBI), Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) and Peer Group Influence Scale (PGIS). The Cronbach Alpha was used to determine the reliability of the instruments; the reliability coefficients obtained were 0.78, 0.76, 0.69, and 0.71 respectively. The research question and corresponding hypothesis were analyzed with Anova and multiple regression statistics. The finding of the study shows that psycho-demographic variables (gender, peer group, location, self-esteem and emotional intelligence) jointly relate significantly to gambling behaviour among secondary school adolescents in Rivers State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that parents and care givers should endeavour to check and moderate the activities of their children from time to time. This will help in reducing some mischievous activities that are carried on by adolescents’ both at home and in school.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


psycho-demographic variables (emotional intelligence, self-esteem, gender, location, peer group) and gambling behaviour

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbott, D. A., & Cramer, S. L. (1993). Gambling attitudes and participation: A Midwestern survey. Journal of Gambling Studies, 9, 247–263.

Burger, T. D., Dahlgren, D., & MacDonald, C. D. (2006) College students and gambling: An examination of gender differences in motivation for participation. College Student Journal, 40, 704–714.

Daniel, H., Rune A., Mentzoni, Paul, D., Helga, M., & Stale, P (2014). Attitudes toward gambling among adolescents. International Gambling Studies Vol. 14, Iss. 3

Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2001). Prevalence estimates of adolescent gambling: A comparison of the SOGS-RA, DSM-IV-J, and the GA 20 questions. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 227-251.

Etel, C., Tabchi, S., Bou Khalil, R., Hlais, S., & Richa, S. (2013). Prevalence of pathological gambling in Lebanese students. Encephale, 39(1), 1-5.

Hardoon, K., Gupta, R. and Derevensky J. (2004) Psychosocial variables associated with adolescent gambling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 18: 170-179.

Harter, S. (1990) Identity and self-development. In S. Feldman, & G. Elliott (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 352-387). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hirsch, B., & DuBois, D. (1991). Self-esteem in early adolescence: The identification and prediction of contrasting longitudinal trajectories. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20, 53-72.

Inderjit, K., Nicola, S. S., & Einar, B. T. (2007). Gambling control self-efficacy as a mediator of the effects of low emotional intelligence on problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Behaviour 22(4):4055-11

Jacobs, D. F. (2000). Juvenile gambling in North America: an analysis of long term trends and future prospects Journal of Gambling Studies 16: 119-151.

Kaare, P. R., Mottus, R., & Konstabel, K. (2009). pathological gambling in Estonia: Relationships with personality, self-esteem, emotional states and cognitive ability. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25(3), 377-390.

Kassinove, J. L. (1996). Development of the Gambling Attitudes Scales: Preliminary findings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 763-771

Kaur, I., Schutte, N. S., & Thorsteinsson, E. B. (2006). Gambling control self-efficacy as a mediator of the effects of low emotional intelligence on problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies,22, 405-411.

Korn, D. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (1999). Gambling and the health of the public: Adopting a public health perspective. Journal of Gambling Studies, 15, 289-365.

Lightfoot, C., Cole, M., & Cole, S (2008). The development of children. New York, US: Worth Publishers.

Moore, S. M., Thomas, A. C., Kalé, S., Spence, M., Zlatevska, N., Staiger, P. K., Kyrios, M. (2013). Problem gambling among international and domestic university students in Australia: who is at risk? Journal of Gambling Studies, 29(2), 217-30.

National Collegiate Athletic Association (2004) National Study on Collegiate Sports Wagering and Associated Health Risks, Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://ncaapublications.com/productdownloads/SAEREP10.pdf

National Research Council (NRC) (1999). Pathological Gambling: A Critical Review. Academy Press, Washington DC.

Oyebisi, E. O., Alao, K. A., & Popoola, B. I. (2012). Gambling behaviour of university students in South-Western Nigeria. Ife Psychologia.

Potenza, M. N., Fiellin, D. A., Heninger, G. R., Rounsaville, B. J. and Mazure, C. M. (2002). Gambling. An addictive behaviour with health and primary care implications Journal of General Internal Medicine 17: 721-732.

Turner, N. E., Wiebe, J., Falkowski-Ham, A., Kelly, J., & Skinner, W. (2005). Public awareness of responsible gambling and gambling behaviours in Ontario. International Gambling Studies, 5, 95–112.

Vong, F. (2009). Changes in residents’ gambling attitudes and perceived impacts at the fifth anniversary of Macao’s gaming deregulation. Journal of Travel Research, 47, 388–397.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.645

Copyright (c) 2019 Isukwem Gideon Chidozie, Rosemary Obiagaeri Ekechukwu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter