THINK-TANK AND FOREIGN POLICY: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (NIIA) AND THE INSTITUTE OF STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (ISIS) MALAYSIA

Ahmed Babatunde Adeosun

Abstract


Think tanks all over the globe have been known to play a pivotal role in the foreign policy formulation of their respective countries. This paper is a comparative study of Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) and Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia and seeks to address the following questions: What is think tank? What role Nigerian Institute of International Affairs and Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia play in foreign policy formulation in their respective countries? What are the constraints faced by these two think tanks in foreign policy formulation and how can these challenges be addressed? This is a desk research and it relies on secondary sources of data such as books, journals, newspapers and internet materials. The paper argues that both think tanks have provided expertise, informed opinion and advice to their respective countries and have also reflected the foreign policy corner stones of their respective countries. Both think tanks differed in terms of level of government interference and also faced finance and manpower problems. The paper recommends among others, improvement of financial base through seeking assistance from wealthy individuals and corporate organisations; collaboration with universities in order to address manpower shortage.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


think tanks, foreign policy, Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abb, P. (2015). China's Foreign Policy Think Tanks: institutional evolution and changing roles. Journal of contemporary China, 24(93), 531-553.

Abelson, D. E., & Carberry, C. M. (1998). Following suit or falling behind? A comparative analysis of think tanks in Canada and the United States. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue Canadienne de science politique, 31(3), 525-555.

Abelson, D. E. (2002). Do Think Tanks Matter? Assessing the Impact of Public Policy Institutes. Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University, 2002.

Abelson, D. E. (2014). Old world, new world: the evolution and influence of foreign affairs think‐tanks. International Affairs, 90(1), 125-142

Adnan, M. (2014). Foreign policy and domestic constraints: A conceptual account. South Asian Studies, 29(2), 657.

Agbu, O., & Emi, N. H. (2006). Introduction to international studies. NOUN: Abuja

Ahmadu, (2014). Think-Tanks and their Contributions to Nigeria’s Foreign Policy, paper presented at the annual conference of the Nigeria Society of International Affairs, held at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Lagos, from 25 to 26 June 2014: 3.

Aleyomi, M. B., & Bakar, M. Z. A. (2015). Malaysian and Nigerian Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective.

Ball, S. J., & Exley, S. (2010). Making policy with ‘good ideas’: policy networks and the ‘intellectuals’ of New Labour. Journal of Education Policy, 25(2), 151–169.

Banjo, A. O. (1986). Nigerian Institute of International and Affairs, 1961-1986: The Story So Far, Lagos: NIIA.

Bedford, D., and Hadar, G. (2014). Do Think Tanks Think?. Jim Rooney (Ed.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM 2014, Reading, The UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 64-73.

Braml, J. (2004). Think tanks versus" Denkfabriken"? US and German policy research institutes' coping with and influencing their environments (Vol. 68). Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Co

Cadier, D., & Sus, M. (2017). Think Tank Involvement in Foreign Policymaking in the Czech Republic and Poland. The International Spectator, 52(1), 116-131.

Denham, A., & Garnett, M. (1996). The nature and impact of think tanks in contemporary Britain. Contemporary British History, 10(1), 43-61.

Drezner, D. W. (2015). American think tanks in the twenty-first century. International Journal, 70(4), 637-644.

El Din, H. G. (2016). The role of think tanks in influencing policy-making in Israel. Contemporary Arab Affairs, 9(2), 187-211.

Elliott, W., & Finsel, C. (2005). Think Tank Typologies: Which Typology Best Fits with the Mission and Core Values of NCAI Policy Research Center? A Report Prepared for the NCAI Policy Research Center.

Frankel, J. (1968). Comparing Foreign Policies: The Case of Norway. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), 482-493.

Glaser, B. S., & Saunders, P. C. (2002). Chinese civilian foreign policy research institutes: evolving roles and increasing influence. The China Quarterly, 171, 597-616.

Harun, R. (2009). In pursuit of national interest: Change and continuity in Malaysia’s foreign policy towards the Middle East. International Journal of West Asian Studies, 1.

Higgott, R., & Stone, D. (1994). The limits of influence: foreign policy think tanks in Britain and the USA. Review of International Studies, 20(1), 15-34.

Kelstrup, J. D. (2016). The politics of think tanks in Europe. Routledge.

Köllner, P. (2011). Think tanks: Their development, global diversity and roles in international affairs.

Lindquist, E. A. (1993). Think tanks or clubs? Assessing the influence and roles of Canadian policy institutes. Canadian Public Administration, 36(4), 547-579.

Mahadi, A. & Kwa, M. (2016). Innovate or die. ISIS Malaysia Focus 2(1), 6-.7.

McGann, J. G. & R. K. Weaver. 2000. Think tanks and civil societies: catalysts for ideas and actions. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

McGann, J. G. (2005). Comparative think tanks, politics and public policy. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

McGann, J., & Johnson, E. (2006). Comparative think tanks, politics and public policy. Northampton, MA: Elgar

McGann, J. G. (2007). Think tanks and policy advice in the US: Academics, advisors and advocates. Routledge.

McGann, J. G. (2019). Think Tanks, Foreign Policy, and Emerging Powers. In McGann (ed), Think Tanks, Foreign Policy and the Emerging Powers (pp. 17-59). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Modelski, G. (1962). A theory of foreign policy (No. 2). Praeger for the Center of International Studies, Princeton University.

Naufal, M. S., Yasmin, A. P. N., and Lim, J (2016). The future of think tanks in Malaysia. ISIS Malaysia Focus 2(1), 13-.15.

Neack, L. (2008). The new foreign policy: power seeking in a globalized era. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Nicander, L. (2016). The recipe for think tank success: The perspective of insiders. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, 29(4), 738-759.

Northedge, F. S. (1968). The Nature of Foreign Policy. The Foreign Policies of the Powers, 9-39.

Ohemeng, F. L. K. (2015). Civil society and policy making in developing countries: assessing the impact of think tanks on policy outcomes in Ghana. Journal of Asian and African studies, 50(6), 667-682.

Parmar, I. (2002) American foundations and the development of international knowledge networks, Global Networks 2(1): 13–30.

Parmar, I. (2004). Think tanks and power in foreign policy: a comparative study of the role and influence of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1939-1945. Springer.

Rahbek-Clemmensen, J., & Schmitt, O. (2017). The Impact of Institutions on Foreign Policy Think Tanks in France and Denmark. The International Spectator, 52(1), 100-115.

Rich, A. (2004). Think tanks, public policy, and the politics of expertise. Cambridge University Press: New York.

Roberts, P. (2015). A century of international affairs think tanks in historical perspective. International Journal, 70(4), 535-555.

Selee, A. D. (2013). What Should Think Tanks Do? A Strategic Guide to Policy Impact. Stanford University Press.

Shambaugh, D. (2002). China's international relations think tanks: evolving structure and process. The China Quarterly, 171, 575-596.

Sherrington, P. (2000). Shaping the policy agenda: Think tank activity in the European Union. Global Society, 14(2), 173-189

Singh, R., Sharma, N. N., & Jha, U. (2014). Think Tanks, Research Influence and Public Policy in India. Vision, 18(4), 289-297.

Smith, J. A. (1993). Idea brokers: Think tanks and the rise of the new policy elite. Simon and Schuster.

Stone, D. (1996). Capturing the political imagination: Think tanks and the policy process. London: Frank Cass.

Stone, D. (2000a). Think Tank Transnationalisation and Non-Profit Analysis, Advice and Advocacy. Global Society 14(2):153–172

Stone, D. (2001). Think tanks, global lesson-drawing and networking social policy ideas. Global social policy, 1(3), 338-360

Stone, D. and A. Denham, eds. (2004). Think Tank Traditions: Policy Research and the Politics of Ideas. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Stone, D. 2007. Garbage cans, recycling bins or think tanks? Three myths about policy institutes. Public Administration 85(2):259–278

Sundaram, J. K. (2016). Thinking allowed: What does the future hold for think tanks in Malaysia – and what should they be? ISIS Malaysia Focus 2(1), 2- 5.

Talbot, Strobe (2007). Brookings institution. In Think tanks and policy advice in the United States: Academics, advisors, and advocates, ed. James G. McGann, (82-85). New York: Routledge

Tanner, M. S. (2002). Changing windows on a changing China: the evolving “think tank” system and the case of the public security sector. The China Quarterly, 171, 559-574.

Teitz, M. B. (2009). Analysis for public policy at the state and regional levels the role of think tanks. International Regional Science Review, 32(4), 480-494.

Tochukwu, N. (2014). The role of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs in Nigerian foreign policy formulation, 1990-2012. Unpublished Bachelor of Art degree submitted to the department of History and International Studies, Nnmadi Azikiwe University, Awka.

Van Efferink, L. A. (2012). Polar Partners or Poles Apart? On the discourses of two US think tanks on Russia's presence in the ‘High North’. The Geographical Journal, 178(1), 3-8.

Wapmuk, S (2019). The Role of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) in Nigerian and African Development. In McGann (ed), Think Tanks, Foreign Policy and the Emerging Powers (pp. 113-134). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Weaver, R. K. (1989). The Changing World of Think Tanks.’ PS: Political Science and Politics. 22(2), 563-578.

Weaver, R. Kent and James G. McGann (2000), Think Tanks and Civil Societies in a Time of Change, in: James G. McGann, and R. Kent Weaver (eds.), Think Tanks and Civil Societies: Catalysts for Ideas and Action, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1- 35.

Zhu, X., & Xue, L. (2007). Think tanks in transitional China. Public Administration and Development: The International Journal of Management Research and Practice, 27(5), 452-464.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.696

Copyright (c) 2019 Ahmed Babatunde Adeosun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter