DETERMINANTS OF REMITTANCE: PAKISTANI MIGRANTS IN YIWU, CHINA

Muhammad Asif Nadeem, Kashif Abbasi, B. Beenish

Abstract


Remittances are the transformation of payment send by international migrants to be used in their home country. This study explains the remitting behavior of Pakistani migrants in Yiwu. For this study, the primary data were used for analysis which collected. Of these, 116 Pakistani migrants participated in the interview. Snowball sampling technique used to collect data. Linear regression model used to estimate the likelihood and determinants of remittance of migrants. The results show that Pakistani migrants remit 50,290 Yuan per year on average. More than 91% Pakistani migrants are sending remittance to their home country. This research shows that Pakistani migrants are sending money to their families and parents that are purely altruistic. The main contribution of this research is to explore the relationship between various factors and remittances.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


remittance, migration, Pakistan, Yiwu, linear regression, snowball sampling

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidi, S. M. R., Hussain, M., Xu, Y., & Zhang, W. (2018). Prediction of confusion attempting algebra homework in an intelligent tutoring system through machine learning techniques for educational sustainable development. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010105

Adams, R. H., & Page, J. (2005). Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries? World Development, 33(10), 1645–1669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.05.004

Aiyar, P. (2007). China asserting its place on world stage. The Hindu.

Alayon, J. R. (2009). Migration, remittances and development : The Filipino New Zealand experience.

Alba, M., Sugui, & S. C., J. (2009). Motives and giving norms behind remittances the case of Filipino overseas workers and their recipient households. UP School of Economics. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3170975

Amakom, U., & Gerald Iheoma, C. (2014). Impact of Migrant Remittances on Health and Education Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(8), 33–44. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-19813344

Arif, G. M., & Amjad, R. (2014). Analysing the Impact of Overseas Migration and Workers’ Remittances in Khyber Pakhtunkhaw (KP): Suggested measures for maximising development benefits. (January).

Atekmangoh, & C. (2011). Expectations abound-family obligations and remittance flow amongst Cameroonian-busfallers-in Sweden-Agender insight. Masters Thesis, Lund University, Graduate School of Social Science.

Bettin, G., & Lucchetti, R. (2016). Steady streams and sudden bursts: persistence patterns in remittance decisions. Journal of Population Economics, 29(1), 263–292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-015-0565-9

Clemens, M. A., & McKenzie, D. (2018). Why Don’t Remittances Appear to Affect Growth? Economic Journal, 128(612), F179–F209. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12463

Dean, Y. (2008). International Migration, Remittances and Household Investment: Evidence from Philippine Migrants’ Exchange Rate Shocks. Economic Journal, 118(528), 591–630. Retrieved from 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2008.02134.x%0Ahttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=31336401&site=ehost-live

ECCO, P. (2006). Chinese Delegation Visits BoI. Retrieved from Economic and Commercial Counsellor’s Office of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan website: http://pk2.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/chinanews/200604/20060401894577.html

Garip, F. (2014). The Impact of Migration and Remittances on Wealth Accumulation and Distribution in Rural Thailand. Demography, 51(2), 673–698. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-013-0260-y

Ghorpade, Y. (2017). Extending a Lifeline or Cutting Losses? The Effects of Conflict on Household Receipts of Remittances in Pakistan. World Development, 99, 230–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.05.024

Goschin, Z. (2014). Remittances as an economic development factor . Empirical evidence from the CEE countries. Procedia Economics and Finance, 10(14), 54–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(14)00277-9

Grieco, E. M. (2003). The remittance behavior of immigrant households : Micronesians in Hawaii and Guam.

Hagen-zanker, J. (2007). Hagen-Zanker, J., and M. Siegel (2007) “The Determinants of Remittances A Review of the Literature,” Maastricht.pdf. (June).

Hoddinott, J. (1994). A model of migration and remittances applied to Western Kenya. Oxford Economic Papers, 46(3), 459–476. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.oep.a042141

Jaggi, S. (2003). Descriptive Statistics and Exploratory Data Analysis. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute.

Jiménez-Martin, S., Jorgensen, N., & Labeaga, J. M. (2007). The volume and geography of remittances drom the EU. 1–70.

Kapur. (2003). Remittances-The New Development Mantra.

Kock, U., & Sun, Y. (2011). Remittances in Pakistan: Why they have gone up and why they are not coming down. Pakistan Development Review, 50(3), 189–208.

Lerch, M., Dahinden, J., & Wanner, P. (2007). Remittance behaviour of Serbian migrants living in Switzerland. (51).

Luke, N. (2010). Migrants’ competing commitments: Sexual partners in urban Africa and remittances to the rural origin. American Journal of Sociology, 115(5), 1435–1479. https://doi.org/10.1086/651374

Marsden, M. (2016). Crossing Eurasia: Trans-regional Afghan trading networks in China and beyond. Central Asian Survey, 35(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/02634937.2015.1070516

Marsden, M. (2017). Actually existing silk roads. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 8(1), 22–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euras.2016.11.006

Mohapatra, S., Joseph, G., & Ratha, D. (2012). Remittances and natural disasters: Ex-post response and contribution to ex-ante preparedness. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14(3), 365–387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-011-9330-8

Nadeem, M. A., Abidi, S. M. R., Khan, N. U., & Zhu, L. (2019). Migration Impact on Remittances Special Focus on Gulf Countries: A Case Study of Pakistan. North American Academic Research, 2(8), 62–80. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3367786

Naufal, G., & Termos, A. (2010). Remittances from GCC Countries A Brief Outlook. Middle East Institute, Migration and the Gulf.

Opong, K. K. (2012). Prospect Theory and Migrant Remittance Decision Making. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2127615

Petrova, P. (2015). Remittances, Gender and Skills: Evidence from Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region.

Pieke, F. N. (2012). Immigrant China. Modern China, 38(1), 40–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/0097700411424564

Pieke, F. N. (2013). Immigrant China*. China Across the Divide, 97–115. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919864.003.0005

Ramcharran, H. (2019). Analyzing the impact of workers’ remittances on household consumption in Latin American and Caribbean Countries. Journal of Economics and Finance. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12197-019-9468-z

Rapoport, H., & Docquir, F. (2005). The Economics of Migrants’ Remittances. Russell The Journal Of The Bertrand Russell Archives.

Ratha, D. (2016). Migration and Remittances Factbook 2016: Third Edition. In Migration and Remittances Factbook 2016: Third Edition. https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-0319-2

Rehman, A. (2015). Empirical Essays on Migration and Remittances in Pakistan. 240.

SBP. (2019). State Bank of Pakistan. Retrieved from http://www.sbp.org.pk/ecodata/Homeremit.pdf

Stanton-Russell, S. (1986). Remittances from International Migration: A Review in Perspective. World Development, 14(6), 677–696. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0305750X86900124

Stark, O. (1985). Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana. Journal of Political Economy, 93(5), 901–918. https://doi.org/10.1086/261341

Taherdoost, H. (2018). Sampling Methods in Research Methodology; How to Choose a Sampling Technique for Research. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3205035

Yang, D. (2011). Migrant Remittances. 25(3), 129–152.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.722

Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Asif Nadeem, Kashif Abbasi, Beenish

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter