Khandokar Zakir Hossain, Md. Isahaque Ali


This research work aim to accomplish an empirical study on the Employment Generation Program for the Poorest (EGPP) scheme of Bangladesh. The objective of this study is to find out whether the EGPP program is promoting the livelihood of the poor people or it remains the same as before. A quantitative approach is applied here as research methods, where data is collected from the primary sources through interview technique and KII. The findings reveal that the purchase power of EGPP beneficiaries has significantly changed and food intake frequency has been increased. It is found that before involvement in EGPP 67.5% of interviewees could manage to have meal twice in a day and 25% could have once in a day. After participation in EGPP the scenario has changed; the percentage of people those could manage to have meal once in a day has gone off and people who could have meal twice in a day reduced to 7.5% but sudden change due to increase of purchase capability above 92.5% people are able to have meal three times in a day. A significant improvement is also found in the case of items of food intake, diversification in food items, quality of food intake, quantity of food intake. Besides, it revealed that social status or social acceptance of the poor peoples of the EGPP recipients elevated. Most of the respondents opined positively regarding the improvement of employment scope in the lean season through EGPP program. 


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



social safety nets; poverty; employment generation program; the poor; social protection; Bangladesh


BIDS. (2003). Impact Evaluation of Social Safety Nets Initiatives. Final Report, April 2003, Dhaka.

Conning, J. & Kevane, M. (2002). Community-Based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets: A Critical Review. World Development, 30(3), 375-394.

Fiszbein, A and Schady. (2009). Conditional Cash Transfers Reducing present and future poverty. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Washington.[Online]. Available:

GoB. (2013). Bangladesh National Social Protection Strategy 2013. General Economics Division, Planning Commission, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Government of Bangladesh. (2005). Unlocking Potentials. The Report on Poverty Reduction Strategy. Dhaka. Planning Commission.

HIES. (2010). Preliminary Report on Household Income & Expenditure Survey: Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Khandker, Shahidur, Zaid Bakht, and Gayatri Koolwal. (2006). The Poverty Impact of Rural Roads: Evidence from Bangladesh. Policy Research Working Paper 3875. Washington, DC: World Bank.

MDMR. (2014). EGPP Implementation guideline (2013-14). Published by Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, Government of Bangladesh.

UNDP, India. (2009). Conditional Cash Transfer Schemes for Alleviating Human Poverty: Relevance India. [Online]. Available:

UNDP. (2009). Social Safety Net Programs in Bangladesh. UNDP, Bangladesh.

World Bank. (2000–2010). An Evaluation of World Bank Support, Social Safety Nets. Independent Evaluation Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433.

World Bank. (2006). Social Safety Nets in Bangladesh: An Assessment. Bangladesh Development Series 14.


Copyright (c) 2018 Khandokar Zakir Hossain, Md. Isahaque Ali

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter