UNMITIGATED GLOBALIZATION AND ITS EFFECT ON PERCEPTION, RECEPTION AND TREATMENT OF CHILDREN IN KENYA TODAY / GLOBALIZACIÓN SIN PALIANCIA Y SU EFECTO SOBRE PERCEPCIÓN, RECEPCIÓN Y TRATAMIENTO DE NIÑOS EN KENIA HOY / LA MONDIALISATION SANS RELÂCHE ET SES EFFETS SUR LA PERCEPTION, LA RÉCEPTION ET LE TRAITEMENT DES ENFANTS AU KENYA AUJOURD’HUI / 非限制的全球化及其影響 關於感知、接收和治療今天在肯亞的兒童

Peter Njenga Njoroge

Abstract


Since independence, Kenyan has had to contend with a couple of social evils among them corruption and ruinous negative ethnicisation of national politics. The resolve and effort to fight and eradicate them has not borne any fruit. Today, sexual abuse occasioned by unmannerly pursuit of sexual pleasure by imprudent young and elderly men alike, has been on the increase and has given rise to another potentially devastating malevolence, that is, widespread underage pregnancies culminating in abortions or arduous teenage motherhood. The latest report by the National Council on Population and Development exposes the magnitude of the crisis of teenage pregnancies in Kenya: a nation that boasts of numerous child protection laws, improved access to education and a vibrant economic growth. Cruelties ranging from raping to murdering of girls have hit the ceiling. Although certain brutalities against the girl child may not have been completely unknown in the traditional African times, they were certainly not of the nature and magnitude they are today when civilization has permeated almost every corner of the globe. This paper seeks to juxtapose the portrait of an African child of the gone days against that of the current times with regard to the perception, reception and treatment before birth, up to the time of exiting childhood. The writer argues that, today’s untold cruelty the Kenyan girl child is going through is attributable to the erosion, adulteration and abdication of particular traditional African values through unmitigated globalization and an unwillingness of the current generation to visit the past to reclaim that which was valuable, but which was demonized and wittingly pushed aside at the time of colonization. The author invites the reader to draw justification from his argument for participation in every noble campaign that may seek justice for the besieged child in a bid to secure the future, cognizant of the fact that globalization is an irreversible ‘tsunami’ bearing both merits and demerits.

Desde la independencia, Kenia ha tenido que lidiar con un par de males sociales entre ellos la corrupción y la etnicización negativa ruinosa de la política nacional. La determinación y el esfuerzo para combatirlos y erradicarlos no ha dado fruto. Hoy en día, el abuso sexual ocasionado por la persecución no tripulada del placer sexual por jóvenes imprudentes y ancianos por igual, ha ido en aumento y ha dado lugar a otra malevolencia potencialmente devastadora, es decir, embarazos generalizados de menores de edad que culminan en abortos o ardua maternidad adolescente. El último informe del Consejo Nacional de Población y Desarrollo pone de lado la magnitud de la crisis de los embarazos adolescentes en Kenia: una nación que cuenta con numerosas leyes de protección de la infancia, un mejor acceso a la educación y un crecimiento económico vibrante. Las crueldades que van desde violar hasta asesinar chicas han llegado al techo. Aunque ciertas brutalidades contra la niña pueden no haber sido completamente desconocidas en los tiempos tradicionales africanos, ciertamente no eran de la naturaleza y magnitud que son hoy en día cuando la civilización ha permeado casi todos los rincones del mundo. Este artículo busca yuxtaponer el retrato de un niño africano de los días pasados en contra del de los tiempos actuales con respecto a la percepción, recepción y tratamiento antes del nacimiento, hasta el momento de salir de la infancia. El escritor sostiene que, la crueldad incalculable de hoy por la que está pasando la niña keniana es atribuible a la erosión, la adulteración y la abdicación de valores africanos tradicionales particulares a través de la globalización sin paliativa y la falta de voluntad de la generación actual de visitar el pasado para reclamar lo que era valioso pero que fue demonizado y empujado a un lado en el momento de la colonización. El autor invita al lector a obtener la justificación de su argumento para participar en cada campaña noble que pueda buscar justicia para el niño sitiado en un intento de asegurar el futuro, consciente del hecho de que la globalización es un "tsunami" irreversible que tiene tanto méritos como deméritos.

Depuis l’indépendance, le Kenya a dû faire face à quelques maux sociaux parmi eux la corruption et l’ethnicisation négative ruineuse de la politique nationale. La détermination et les efforts déployés pour les combattre et les éradiquer n’ont porté aucun fruit. Aujourd’hui, les abus sexuels provoqués par la poursuite sans pilote du plaisir sexuel par des jeunes hommes imprudents et âgés, ont augmenté et ont donné lieu à une autre malveillance potentiellement dévastatrice, c’est-à-dire des grossesses mineures généralisées qui ont abouti à des avortements ou à une maternité adolescente ardue. Le dernier rapport du Conseil national sur la population et le développement expose l’ampleur de la crise des grossesses chez les adolescentes au Kenya : une nation qui se vante de nombreuses lois sur la protection de l’enfance, d’un meilleur accès à l’éducation et d’une croissance économique dynamique. Des cruautés allant du viol au meurtre de filles ont atteint le plafond. Bien que certaines brutalités contre l’enfant fille n’aient peut-être pas été complètement inconnues à l’époque traditionnelle africaine, elles n’étaient certainement pas de la nature et de l’ampleur qu’elles sont aujourd’hui lorsque la civilisation a imprégné presque tous les coins du monde. Cet article cherche à juxtaposer le portrait d’un enfant africain des temps passés à celui de l’époque actuelle en ce qui concerne la perception, la réception et le traitement avant la naissance, jusqu’au moment de sortir de l’enfance. L’écrivain fait valoir que, la cruauté indicible d’aujourd’hui que traverse l’enfant kényane est attribuable à l’érosion, à l’adultération et à l’abdication de valeurs africaines traditionnelles particulières par la mondialisation sans relâche et au refus de la génération actuelle de visiter le passé pour récupérer ce qui était précieux mais qui a été diabolisé et sciemment mis de côté au moment de la colonisation. L’auteur invite le lecteur à tirer la justification de son argument en faveur de la participation à chaque noble campagne qui peut demander justice pour l’enfant assiégé dans le but d’assurer l’avenir, conscient du fait que la mondialisation est un « tsunami » irréversible portant à la fois des mérites et des déméritations.

自獨立以來,肯亞人不得不面對一些社會罪惡,其中包括腐敗和毀滅性的負面的民族化的國家政治。打擊和根除它們的決心和努力沒有取得成果。今天,輕率的年輕和年老男子對性快感的不謹慎追求所導致的性虐待一直在增加,並造成了另一種潛在的毀滅性惡意,即普遍的未成年懷孕,最終導致墮胎或少女母親難以為之。國家人口與發展委員會的最新報告揭露了肯亞少女懷孕危機的嚴重性:肯亞擁有許多兒童保護法律,受教育機會得到改善,經濟增長充滿活力。從強姦到謀殺女孩等殘忍行為都成為天花板。雖然在傳統的非洲時代,對女童的某些殘暴行為可能並非完全不為人知,但當文明幾乎滲透到全球每一個角落時,這些殘酷行為肯定不具有今天的性質和規模。本文力求將非洲兒童在出生前的感知、接受和治療方面的肖像與當前時代的畫像並列,一直並列在離開童年之前。作者認為,肯亞女童今天所經歷的難以言狀的殘酷,是由於全球化的全球化侵蝕、摻假和放棄特定的非洲傳統價值觀,以及這一代人不願意訪問過去,以收回在殖民化時被妖魔化和機智地推開的東西。作者請讀者從他參加每一個為被圍困兒童尋求正義的崇高運動的論點中引出理由,以確保未來,認識到全球化是一個不可逆轉的"海嘯",既有優缺點,也是有缺點的。

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Keywords


child, concept, African context, perception, reception, implications / niño, concepto, contexto africano, percepción, recepción, implicaciones / enfant, concept, contexte africain, perception, réception, implications / 兒童、概念、非洲背景、感知、接受、影響

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i1.978

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