AbdulMahmoud Idrees Ibrahim


This study aimed at investigating the effect of the storytelling strategies on improving the language speaking skills of grade-six elementary school boys in Sudan. It was designated to find out the effects of using storytelling on developing language speaking skills. It was assumed that there are statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental group students and their peers in the control group on the language speaking skills test due to the storytelling technique. The total sample was 63 where there were 31 students in the experimental group and 32 in the controlled group. Pre-test and post-test were used to collect the data. The results of the study showed that there was a substantial effect of the storytelling technique on language speaking skills in favor of the experimental group. The results proved that English language traditional techniques don’t meet the need of the students or attract their interest to improve their English language. Storytelling techniques were found very helpful to promote language speaking skills. The study recommended that teachers should be subjected to intensive training to cope with the learners' needs and to be aware of the communicative approach necessities.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


EFL learners; speaking skills; storytelling technique; student-centred: young learner

Full Text:



Ali, S. (2012). The effect of using drama on developing English-speaking skills among primary school learners. Educational and social studies, Egypt, 10(4), 61-73.

Altweissi, A. & Maaytah, R. (2022). The effect of using educational drama on developing speaking skills of the sixth graders in the English language. The Universal Academic Research Journal,4(1),10-21.

Anderson, A. N. (2005). Elementary Children’s Literature. London: Pearson

Attia, T. (2015). The effectiveness of the dialogue drama strategy in developing some oral communication skills among students of the Arabic language who are not speaking it. Educational Journal, Egypt, 41, 1-35.

Baldo, S. (2005). Asking Questions in Speaking. Journal of TSol, 2(2), 11-39.

Boris, A. K. (2017). Storytelling and emotional response to conflict. Masters of Arts in Education. Action Research Papers. Paper 214. St Catherine University, St Paul MN Retrieved from:

Bretz, M. L. (1990). Reaction: Literature and communicative competence: A springboard for the development of critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. Foreign Language Annals, 23(4), 335-338.

Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by Principles an Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Burns, A. & Joyce, H. (1997). Focusing on Speaking. Sydney: National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research.

Cary, S. (1998). The effectiveness of a contextualized storytelling approach for second language acquisition. (UMI Microform 9828452)

Desi R., Erlina & Hesti W. A. (2020). The Use of Storyboard: Project-Based Learning Implementation in Teaching Speaking to the 10th Grade Students. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. Atlantis

Ebrahiminejad, S., Azizifar, A., Gowhary, H., & Jamalinesari, A. (2014). Effect of using Short Story on speaking improvement of Iranian pre-intermediate EFL learners. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World (IJLLALW), 7(3), 42-56.

Fisher, B. (2021) Five Tips to Support Storytelling in the 21st Century. Teach Thought. Retrieved June 10, 2021, from

Harmer, J. (2009). The Practice of English Language Teaching, 4th edition, London, Longman.

Haven, K. & Ducey, M. (2007). Crash course in storytelling. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

Huckens, J. (2011). Teaching through the art of storytelling. USA: Zondervan.

Julia, H. T. (2015). Telling tales: Using storytelling to teach EFL kindergarten students in Taiwan. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 4(4), 13-25. DOI: 10.5861/ijrse.2015.848

Karagöz, S. & Rüzgar, M. E. (2020). The observations of student teachers with professional qualifications of advisor teachers during teaching practicum. International Journal of Educational Research Review,5(2),141-150.

Kassem, M. H. (2021). Training EFL Learners on Debating: Effects on Their Oral and Written Performance, Ideal L2 Self, and Communication Apprehension. MEXTESOL Journal, 45(4), 1-18.

Laura, P. (2013). Developing Linguistic Skills through Storytelling in EFL Classroom': Final Degree Project, University of De Malaga.

MacDonald, M. R., Whitman, J. M., & Whitman, N. F. (2013). Teaching with a story.

Macleod, S. (2006). Sustaining Children's Interest in Virtual peer Storytelling. Context Paper Presented to EARA Conference, CSL Center, Chicago.

Maulany, D. B. (2013). The use of project-based learning in improving the students speaking skills (A classroom action research at one of the primary schools in Bandung). Journal of English and Education, 1(1), 30-42.

Nunan, D., (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Peck, J. (1989). Using storytelling to promote language and literacy development. The Reading Teacher, 43(2), 138-141.

Perry, B. (2005). How the brain learns best. Scholastic Inc, 11 O (4). Retrieved June 1, 2005 from the EBSCO Host database. Psychological foundations of organizational behavior

Richard C. Y. (1990). New Perspectives: Intermediate English 2 first edition, Longman ELT.

Richter, M., & Koppett, K. (2000). How to increase retention through storytelling. StoryNet. Retrieved October 2017, from

Rodas R., Diana L. (2011). TPR and Storytelling as strategies for teaching English as a foreign language to preschool children. Master thesis: Universidad de Cuenca. Cuenca Ecuador.

Safdarian, Z. (2013). The effect of stories on young learners' proficiency and motivation in foreign language learning. International Journal of English and Education, 2(3), 200-248.

Satriani, I. (2019). Storytelling in teaching literacy: Benefits and challenges. English Review: Journal of English Education, 8(1), 113-120. DOI: 10.25134/erjee.v8i1.1924.

Ur, P. (2006). A course in language teaching: Practice and theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. USA: August House.

Van Duzer, C. (1997). Improving ESL learners' listening skills: At the workplace and beyond. Washington, DC: Project in Adult Immigrant Education and National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education.

Van Groenou, M. (1995). Tell me a story: Using children’s oral culture in a preschool setting. Montessori Life, 7(3), 19-21.

Wright, A. (2008). Storytelling with children. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015 - 2022. European Journal of English Language Teaching (ISSN 2501-7136) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).