Winifred Ansah-Hughes, Isaac Owusu-Darko, Patricia Ndiwe Pensan Acheampong


Occupational stress is a serious health problem to the individual worker both physically and psychologically. It equally effects organizations and even the nations in terms of productivity and financial losses. Occupational stress has in recent times received close attention in America and Western Europe as is evident from the growing number of literature available and the wellness programs being developed for employees in these continents, but it does not appear to be so in developing countries as Ghana. Occupational stress is common to all occupations but it could be disastrous for any nation if it remains unchecked especially in the teaching field. The teacher is the kingpin upon which every education revolves. The issue is that, there are indications of above average occupational stress in some Ghanaian teachers; but exactly how much of occupational stress is being experienced? This study set out to examine overall occupational stress, find out the level of occupational stress among private and public sector teachers in the Techiman South Circuit in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. Administering the Weiman Occupational Stress Scale to a sample of 88 workers drawn from the population of 160 established that teachers of the Techiman South Circuit experience above average levels of occupational stress with the public sector, females and Junior High School showing the higher levels when compared to the private sector, males and Senior High School counterparts respectively. Also supporting the Weiman occupational stress scale, a chi-square analyses showed that there is an association between gender status and occupational stress and an association between institutional type and occupational stress.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



private, occupational stress, public, gender


Betz N. E. & Fitzgerald L. F. (1987). The career psychology of women. Jovanovich, San Diego.

Ellis, A., Gordon, J., Neenan, P. & Palmer, S. (2001). Stress Counselling: A Rational Emotive Behaviour Approach. London. Continuum

Fraenkel, J. R. & Wallen, N.E. (2000). How to design and evaluate research in education, (4thed.). Boston, Massachusetts: McGraw-Hill.

Gall, N., Gall, P., Joyce, D. & Walter, R. (1996). Education Research: An introduction.

Hafen, B. Q., Karren, K. J., Frandsen, K.J. and Smith, N.L. (1996) Mind/body health: The effects of attitudes, emotions, and relationships. Needham Heights, Allyn & Bacon Publishers Inc.

Kaur, S. (2001). Comparative study of Occupational Stress among teachers of Private and Government School in Relation to Age, Gender and Teaching Experience. International Journal of Educational Planning & Administration; Volume 1, Number 2, pp. 157-160.

Kosslyn, S. M. & Rosenberg, R. S. (2001). Psychology: The Brain, The Person, The world. New York. Allyn & Bacon.

Krejcie, R. V. & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement 30,607-610. Kyriacou, C. (2001). Teacher Stress: Directions for future research. Educational Research, 53(1): 27-35.

Luthans, F. (2005). Organizational Behaviour: Stress and Conflict (10thed.). NewYork. McGraw-Hill.

MacDonald, W. (2003). The Impact of Job Demands and Workload on Stress and Fatigue: Australian Psychologist, 38: 102–117.

Myers, D. G. (2008). Social Psychology: Interpersonal Attraction and Close Relationships. New York. McGraw-Hill. New York Longman Publishers.

Passer, M.W. & Smith, R.E. (2001). Psychology: Frontier and Application. New York. McGraw-Hill.

Sarah, M. (2000). Stress in Young People. New York. Continuum

Sauter, S., Murphy, L., Colligan, M., Swanson, N., Hurrell, J., & Scharf F. (1999). Stress at work. The American Psychologist: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

Selye, H., (1976). The Stress of Life, New York: McGraw Hill. In Luthans, F. (2005). Organizational Behaviour: Stress and Conflict. (10thed.). New York. McGraw-Hill.

U.S Department of labor,(1990). Building a Quality Workforce, Washington D. C.

Unger, R. K. & Crawford, M. E. (1992). Women and Gender: A Feminist Psychology. New York. McGraw-Hill.

Weiten, W. & Lloyd, M. A. (1997). Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 90s. Boston. Brooks Publishing Company.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejoe.v0i0.554


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2016-2023. European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies (ISSN 2501-9120) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).