Rana Safikhani


Formalists examine literary work apart from the author's personality, morale and beliefs, and merely a linguistic issue. For them, a literary work is a mere form. The world of literature is completely different from the real world and one should not expect to acquire knowledge from a literary work. Bijan Najdi is a storyteller interested in obscuring the story space in his stories. Using a variety of linguistic possibilities of inside the mygans skillfully, he developed a kind of creative storytelling based on the principles of formalism that removed his stories from context of incident. The attempt to highlight the form of the story (deviating from norms, adding rules) and apply new narrative techniques, pay attention to the rhetorical aspect of speech, create a vague language and based on poetic tone and making spaces, has replaced it with strange themes; Thus, he has fulfilled the intended eliminating acquaintance of formalism. In this research, by a descriptive-analytical method aiming at studying the fictional language of Bijan Najdi based on formalism viewpoint, we have tried to examine eliminating acquaintance and manifestations and evidences, highlighting, meta-fiction, poetic language, logopathy,…, that is one of the most decisive factors of being mysterious and peculiar of Bijan Najdi's stories world. As a result, using modern language techniques and arrangements, Najdi prevented emergence of a dominant element and repetition of values leading to the novelty of the language and a new understanding of using literary language and the aesthetic preservation of his stories. In fact, he makes a new concept of applying language in the mind of the audience by deviating from the standard language based on the principles of formalism.


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