N. Nazeerudin


Spanning several agro-ecological regions constituting 60% of total cropped area. The rain fed areas represent the geography with the largest concentration of poverty and backwardness. The cumulative neglect of the rainfed areas over the earlier plan periods in terms of institutional development, support systems, availability of appropriate inputs, credit, market access, agricultural research and extension has caused widespread desperation amongst farming community. Rain fed agriculture supports an estimated 40% of population (484 million) and has a large share of cropped area under rice (42%), pulses (77%), oilseeds (66%) and coarse cereals (85%). Harboring about 78% of cattle, 64% of sheep and 75% of goats rain fed areas cater to most part of the meat market in the country. In the light of the above, this paper made an attempt to briefly review the performance of Rain fed agriculture and critically examine the role of Livestock, Fisheries and Horticulture as a key component of rural livelihoods in rain fed regions and finally it also strongly advocates the hidden potential of Management of Common Pool Resources (CPRs) is an essential part of natural resource management in rain fed areas.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


rain fed agriculture, natural resources, livestock, common pool resources

Full Text:



Abrol, I.P., and Sangar, S., 2006. Sustaining Indian Agriculture – conservation agriculture the way forward. Current Science, 91 (8), pp. 1020-1025.

Acharya, S.S., and Jogi, R.L., 2007. Input subsidies and agriculture: Future perspectives. In: Institutional Alternatives and Governance of Agriculture, Ed: Vishwa Ballabh, Academic Foundation, New Delhi, pp. 95-118.

Adusumilli Ravindra, and Bhagya Laxmi, S., 2011. Potential of the system of rice intensification for systemic improvement in rice production and water use: the case of Andhra Pradesh, India. Paddy and Water Environment, 9(1).

Annual Report. 2009. Department of Animal Husbandry. Ministry of Agriculture. Government of India. New Delhi.

Chopra, K., and Gulati S., C., 2001. Migration, Common Property Resources and Environmental Degradation: Inter-linkages in India’s Arid and Semi-arid Regions. New Delhi: Sage Publications India Pvt. Limited.

FAO 2000. Agriculture Towards 2015/30. Technical Interim Report, April 2000. Economic and Social Department, FAO, Rome.

GOI 2005. Annual Report 2004-05, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi,

Gulati, A., and Narayanan, S., 2003. The Subsidy Syndrome in Indian Agriculture. Delhi: Oxford University Press

Jodha, N,S., 1985. Population Growth and the decline in Common property resources in Rajasthan, India. Population and Development Review, 11(2), pp. 247-64.

Jodha, N,S., 1986. Common Property Resources and the Rural Poor in Dry Regions of India. Economic and Political Weekly, 21(27) pp.1169-1181.

Misra A, K., Reddy B. M. K., Rekha M. S., Reddy, G. S. and Singh, H. P. 2000. Sheep and goat farming in rainfed areas: Constraints and options for improvement on smallholder production systems. In: Thomas, C.K and Sastry, N.S.R. (Eds): Smallholder livestock production in developing courtiers. KAU, Thrissaur, pp. 133-144.

Mohammed, O., Wani S.P., Vineela, C., and Murali, R., 2009. Quantification of nutrients recycled by tank silt and its impact on soil and crop – A pilot study in Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh. Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 52, NAAS 2010. Degraded and Wastelands of India; Status and Spatial Distribution, Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, ICAR, Pusa, New Delhi.

National Remote Sensing Agency.1985. Wasteland Mapping of India using Landsat False Colour Composite on 1.1 Million Scale. Project Report, National Remote Sensing Agency, Department of Space, Government of India.

NRAA 2011: Challenges of Food Security and its Management 2011. National Rainfed Area Authority, Government of India.

Planning Commission Report. 2010. Planning Commission, Government of India. New Delhi.

Rangnekar, D.V., 2006. Livestock and livelihoods of the underprivileged communities in India: A review. International Livestock research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya. pp. 72

Report of the National Commission on Agriculture. 1976. Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Government of India, New Delhi.

Royal Commission on Agriculture in India. 1976. Agricole Publishing Academy, New Delhi, India

Shah, T., Gulati, A., Hemant, P., Shreedhar, G., and Jain, R.C., 2009. Secret of Gujarat’s Agrarian Miracle after 2000, Economic and Political Weekly, Review of Agriculture, 44 (52), pp. 45-55.

Shah, T., Kishore, A., and Hemant, P., 2009. Will the impact of the 2009 drought be different from 2002?” Commentary, Economic and Political Weekly, 44(37), pp.11-14.

Sharda. V.N., Dogra, P., and Prakash, C., 2010. Assessment of Production Losses Due to Water Erosion in Rainfed Areas of India. Journal of Soils and Water Conservation, 65(2), pp. 79-91.

Sharma, B.R., Rao, K.V., Vittal, K.P.R., Ramakrishna, Y.S. and Singh, A., 2010. Estimating the potential of rainfed agriculture in India. Prospects of water productivity improvements, Agril. Water Mngt. 97, pp 23-30.

Vijayshankar P.S., Kulkarni H., and Krishnan S., 2011. India’s Groundwater Challenge and the Way Forward, Economic & Political Weekly, 44(2), pp. 37-45.

World Bank, 1999. India: Livestock Sector review: Enhancing growth and development. The World Bank and Allied Publishers.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i4.1096

Copyright (c) 2021 N. Nazeerudin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2016 - 2023. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter