ACTIVITY-BASED MODELING OF TRAVEL DEMAND AND BEHAVIOUR

Hazael Brown

Abstract


In all developed and developing countries of the world, the government transportation’s policies aimed at controlling aggregate phenomena such as congestion, emissions and land use patterns. These are achieved through the provision of employer- based commute programs, single occupant vehicle regulation, road pricing, multimodal facilities and transit oriented land development. But these policies affect the aggregate phenomen indirectly through the behaviour of individuals. Furthermore, individuals adjust their behaviour in complex ways, motivated by a desire to achieve their activity objectives. This paper examines the activity based modeling of travel demand and behaviour, the concepts underlying the methods and modeling approaches. Finally, it identified three classes of model systems, which are econometric model systems, hybrid simulation systems and the theory of planned behaviour model, and also look at some examples in each class, considering how they work, and their particular strengths and weaknesses, and above all, looking at the big picture.

 

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Keywords


activity-based, modeling, travel demand, models, systems, econometric, hybrid simulation, planned behaviour

References


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