Effiong J. Ekpo


This paper examined the activities of trade unions under the umbrella of the Nigeria Labour Congress during the Military dictatorship of the late 1980’s and 1990’s, which hastened the return to democratic rule in the country. The apparent puzzle of its longevity and continued survival despite attempts to emasculate and undermine it by succeeding regimes especially the military, has often depicted it as the proverbial cat with mice lives will also be examined. The article focused on Buhari’s economic reforms, how it helps in many measures to influence the development of Nigeria Political Economy, and how it stops the embezzlement of public funds through promulgation of degrees stopping of central feeding in tertiary schools by the Government. It also focused on introduction of the austerity measures by General Ibrahim Babangida that affected the economy development of Nigeria and the people. The paper focused on the annulment of the June 12, 1993 election that saw Chief M.K.O. Abiola emerging as the preferred candidate. The article concluded that, the relationship between trade unions and political parties is usually determined by both historical reasons and constitutional provisions, but often times some constitutional provisions merely embodied the historical developments that have served to structure such relationships.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



capital exploitation, Nigeria Labour Congress, political landscapes, General Buhari and Ibrahim Babangida experience

Full Text:



Akanimo, E. (1998). Contract labour and employment generation: Workshop on trade unionism and nation building. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity.

Daniel, O. A. (1983). Labour: National Movement Relationship in the 1945. General Strike. Calabar: Centeur Press.

Dudley, B. J. (1968). Parties and Politics in Northern Nigeria. London: Frank Cass and Tay.

Fashoyin, T. (1982). Industrial Relation in Nigeria. London: Longman Press.

George, U. O. (1998). Current perspective and approaches to collective bargaining. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity.

Herold, D. N. (1972). Area Handbook for Nigeria Labour Congress. Washington DC: Government Press.

Jeffrey, H. (1972). Trade Union Foreign Policy. New York: Anchor Press.

Kraus, J. (1994). Trade Unions and Democratization in Nigeria in Marian Dora (eds), Africa Contemporary Record 1989-1990. New York: African Publisher.

Matanmi, S. (1992). Research and Training Industrial Relations in Nigeria: Status and Overview in Fashoyin Tayo (ed.), Industrial Relations and African Development. New Delhi. South Asian Publishers.

Matanmi, S. and Bajomo, K. (1994). Contemporary Issues in Trade Union Movement in Nigeria, paper delivered at the National Conference of the Nigeria Industrial Relations Association, at the University of Benin, Ugbowo campus 6-7 June, p. 3

Ogunniyi, O. (1991). Nigeria Labour and Employment Law in Perspective. Lagos: Folio Publisher Ltd.

Okonkwo, N. (1996). The great purge. The new magazine, 19 August 1996.

Oladimeji, S. I. (1994). Economic reforms policies and the labour marketing in Nigeria. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity.

Oshomole, A. A. (1998). Issues on privatization, motives for public owned enterprises on trade unionism and nation building. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity.

Rober, E. C. (1964). Labour in the Tropical Territories of the Common Wealth. London: Oxford University Press.

Vroom, V. (1984). Work and motivation. New York: John Willey.

Warner, K. S. (1987). Motives for unionism among state social services employee. Public Personnel Management, 7(3): 181-191.

Wogu, A. (1983). The First Trade Unions in the Trade Union Movement in Nigeria. Benin: Ethiope Publishing.

Yusufu, T. M. (1962). An Introduction to Industrial Relation in Nigeria. London: Oxford University Press.

Copyright (c) 2019 Effiong J. Ekpo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter