Chinwe Innocentia Ahumaraeze, Ugomma Anaekperechi Nwachukwu


Literature as a discipline has attracted varying dimensions of attention over the years. Scholars have conceptualized literature and have come up with postulations. As the literary genres develop, so also do the criticism on these genres. The critical approach to the study of literature has come to x-ray literary works to ascertain their content and worth. It is through this critical approach that certain preoccupations of writers and their depiction and portraiture of characters are beginning to raise eye brows and are being questioned. Thus, efforts are being made in many quarters to dismantle the ugly trend of imbalance character portrayal in works of literature. It is through this critical approach that the ideology of feminism sparked off from. Writers are now on a corrective mission to balance the equation for the writings of many men has been one sided, portraying the female as baseless. Writers have made revolution part of their tool for this onerous task. It is in view of the foregoing that this paper critically analyses the revolution spirit in women. Drawing from the experiences of characters in Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter, Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo’s Trafficked and Chinua Achebe’s Anthill of the Savannah, the paper posits that writers can, through their character portrayal, effect changes in the scheme of things in the society and chart a new path for the society to follow. It draws extensively from the feminist ideology making statements that revolution is an indispensible ingredient in the strife for self-empowerment and self-actualization. The paper then recommends that for the growth, progress of the society, there should be balanced character portrayal, and female writers should galvanize their fellow women into actions that will culminate in self-actualization.     


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



feminism, African literature, feminist writers


Adimora-Ezeigbo, A. (2008). Trafficked. Nigerian: Literate publications (Nig) ltd.

Ba, M. (1989). So long a letter. Botswana: Heinemann.

Blamah T. V. (2000). Feminism in African literature: A look at selected works of Buchi Emecheta, Bessie Head and Marima Ba. In S. Gogura & E. Agukwe (Eds.) Issues and trends in language and literature teaching for Nigerian colleges. Nigeria: Paraclete Publishers. (pp119-128)

Chukwuma, H. (1992). Accents in African novel. Enugu: New Generation Books.

Davies, C. B. (1986) Some notes on African feminism. In T. Olaniyan & A. Quayson (Eds.) (2007) African literature, an anthology of criticism and theory. Australia: Blackwell Publishing.

Duvignand J. (1972) Sociology and arts. London Paradin.

EL Saadawi N. (1980). The heroine in Arab literature. In T. Olaniyan & A. Quayson (Eds). (2007) African literature: An anthology of criticism and theory. Australia: Blackwell Publishing (pp 520-525)

Ibe, C. I. (2000). Social awareness and change in the modern African novel: A study of Bessie Head’s Maru and Ngugi Wa Thiongo’s Petals of blood. A thesis presented at Imo State University Owerri.

Jeyifor, B. (1990). The nature of things: Arrested decolonization and critical theory. In T. Olaniyan & A. Quayson (Eds.) (2007) African Literature: An anthology of criticism and theory. Australia: Blackwell Publishing. (pp 433-443)

Nwapa, F. (1998). Women and creative writing in Africa. In T. Olaniyan & A. Quayson (Eds.) (2007). African literature: An anthology of criticism and theory. Australia: Blackwell Publishing (pp 526-532).

Ogene, M. (2011). Literature and sustainable development: A redirection of Plato. In A. B. C. Chiegboka, T. C. Utoh-Ezeajugh & M. S. Ogene (Eds.).The Humanities and sustainable development. Nigeria: Reex Charles & Patrick. (pp 478-489) .

Ogudipe-Leslie, M. (1994). Stiwanism: feminism in an African context. In T. Olaniyan & A. Quayson (Eds.) (2007). African Literature: An anthology of criticism and theory. Australia: Blackwell Publishing. (pp 542-555).

Uwakwe, U. D. & Nwaogu, U. B. (2013). The imperative of literature and literacy in the consciousness of the gender question. International journal of gender and development issues.1 (1), 66-71.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejel.v0i0.862


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of English Language Teaching (ISSN 2501-7136) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).