THE EXAMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF FUNCTIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM APPLIED ON INSTABLE GROUND ON ANAEROBIC CAPACITIES OF ELITE MARTIAL ARTS ATHLETES

Atakan Caglayan, Nurper Ozbar

Abstract


The aim of this study is to measure both dynamic balance of elite martial arts athletes doing functional strength exercises on instable ground and the effects of circuit training program on their anaerobic capacities, and compare them with those following classical training program. Students studying in Faculty of Sport Sciences at Duzce University and doing martial arts (kick box and muay-thai) constituted the study group. In the study conducted in 6 weeks with 24 sessions, while experimental group (EG) included 14 individuals (age: 19.78±1.36, height: 1.68±0.06) control group (CG) included 14 individuals (age: 19.92±2.09, height: 1.67±0.07) similar to those in experimental group. While athletes in EG followed circuit training program including strength exercises on instable ground in 6 weeks with 24 sessions, those in CG followed classical training program. Pre and posttests were applied before and after 6-week training program. First of all, height, weight and bioelectric impedance method was used for body fat rate, RAST test was done to measure agility by using electronic chronometer system with two-gated photocell having measurement in the sensitivity of 0.01, y-balance test battery was used to measure dynamic balance. Data was analyzed with SPSS 18. Collected data, pretest and posttest values of study and control group was analyzed with Wilcoxon test which was in 95 reliability range an significance level was accepted as p<0.05. When statistical data was examined, it was found that study group reported significant increments than control group in terms of anaerobic capacity, minimum power output, fatigue index, average power output and dynamic balance (p<0.05), while no significant differences were found in terms of other variables. Consequently, it was observed that exercises on instable ground developed dynamic balances of athletes. It is thought that athletes use required muscle function for balance during movement in the lowest level and this retards fatigue by effecting power output positively.

 

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