Özlem Altindağ Kumaş, Halime Miray Sümer


Early childhood special education services are provided for children with developmental disabilities or risk factor, who are between 0-8 years old, and their families. In this study, laws, and services provided in our country regarding early childhood special education services are defined; the content of the provided early childhood services programs and the problems faced in its application are addressed; things to be done for popularizing these services are suggested.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



early childhood special education, special needs children

Full Text:



Bakkaloğlu, H. (2004). The effectiveness of Activity-Based Intervention Program on the transition skills of children with developmental disabilities aged between 3 and 6 years (Unpublished PhD thesis). Ankara University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Bakkaloğlu, H. (2013). Parental Views on the Transition Process of Children with Special Needs from Early Intervention to Preschool. Education and Science, 38(169), 311 327. [Online] http://egitimvebilim.ted.org.tr/index.php/EB/article/view/2284

Barnett, W. S., & Hustedt, J. T. (2003). Preschool: The most important grade. Educational Leadership, 60(7), 54– 57.

Bekman, S. (1998). Assessment of Mother-Child Education Program. Equal opportunity. Mother-Child Education Foundation Publications-12, Production Printing, İstanbul.

Bekman, S. (1999). Maternal child education program impact on school success. Journal of Boğaziçi University Education, 17,17–33.

Bekman, S. (2003). Early Childhood Education and Early Childhood Different Models in the Education System in Turkey. Early Childhood Education Policies: Diffusion, Governance and Constructivism Report. Online: http://www.acev.org/arastirma/raporlar.htm, Downloaded on December 10, 2014.

Bekman, S. ve Gürlesel, C.F. (2005). “Right Start: Preschool Education in Turkey, Summary of Findings”, Tüsiad Basın Bülteni, TS/BAS-BÜL/05-38. Online: http://www.tusiad.org/haberler/basin/duyuruno681.pdf Downloaded on December 6, 2014.

Birkan, B. (2001). The Effectiveness of small steps training program for parents of children with developmental delaysi. (Unpublished PhD thesis). Anadolu University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Eskişehir.

Bowe, F. G. (2007). Early Childhood Special Education: Birth to Eight. 4th ed. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1974). A report on longitudinal evaluations of preschool programs.. Volume II: Is Early Intervention Effective? Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.

Campbell, F. A., Ramey, C. T., Pungello, E., Sparling, J., & Miller-Johnson, S. (2002). Early childhood education: Young adult outcomes from the Abecedarian Project. Applied Developmental Science, 6, 42–57.

Diken, I. H, Cavkaytar, A., Batu, S., Bozkurt, F., ve Kurtyilmaz, Y. (2010). First Step to Success; a school/home intervention program for preventing problem behaviors in young children: Examining the effectiveness and social validity in Turkey. Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, 15(3), 207–221.

Diken, I. H., Cavkaytar, A., Batu, E. S., Bozkurt, F., & Kurtyilmaz, Y. (2011). Effectiveness of the Turkish version of “First Step to Success Program” in preventing an antisocial behaviors. Education and Science, 36(161), 145–158.

Diken, I. H., Bayhan, P., Turan, F., Sipal, R.F., Sucuoglu, B., Ceber-Bakkaloglu, H., Kerem-Gunel, M., and Kaya-Kara, O. (2012). Early Childhood Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education in Turkey within the Scope of the Developmental System Approach (DSA). Infants and Young Children, 25(4), 346-353.

Guven, N., Bal, S., Metin, N., & Atay, M. (2000). Usage of the Portage in Turkey and extending its usage throughout Turkey. Paper presented at the VIII International Portage Congress, Birmingham, UK.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., Bekman, S. ve Sunar, D. (1993). Success starts at the family. Multipurpose training model. Yapa Ya-Pa Publications, İstanbul.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., Sunar, D., Bekman, S., Cemalcılar, Z. (2004). Benefits of early intervention in adulthood: preliminary findings of a second follow-up study of the early support project. İstanbul: Anne-Çocuk Eğitim Vakfı Yayınları.

Karaaslan, Ö. (2010). The Effectiveness of Interaction Based Early Education Program on Developmentally Disabled Children and Their Habits. Eğiten Kitap Ankara.

Kırk, S.A., Gallagher, J.J., Anastasiow, N. (2000). Educating Exceptional Children. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Kobal, G. (2001). Small Steps Early Education Project: Small Steps Early Education Program. İstanbul: Mentally Handicapped Support Society Publications.

Mahoney, G. and MacDonald, J. D. (2007). Autism and developmental delays in young children: The Responsive Teaching curriculum for parents and professionals. Austin, TX: PRO-ED

Marcon, R., A. (2000). Education transitions in early childhood, middle childhood, and early adolescence: Head Start vs. public scool prekindergarden graduates. Educational Information Research Center (ERIC). ED: 441 601.

Mittler, P. (1990). Prospects for disabled children and their families: An international perspective. Disability, Handicap, & Society, 5(1), 53–64.

Özkök, S. (1997). Contribution of early childhood education programs to social development. Mother Child Education Foundation Publications, Ankara

Peterson, N. L. (1998). Early Intervention for Handicapped and At- Risk Children. Denver: Love Publishing Company.

Peterson, C., Wall, S., Raikes, H. A., Kisker, E. E., Swanson, M. E., Jerald, J., Atwater, J. B., Qiao, W. (2004). Early Head Start: Identifying and serving children with disabilities. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 24 (2), 76-88.

Raver, S.A. (2009). Early Childhood Special Education 0 to 8 years: Strategies for positive outcomes. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, Merrill Prentice Hall.

Reynolds, C. R., & Fletcher-Janzen, E. (Eds.). (2002). Encyclopedia of special education, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. REFNC LC 4007 E53 2000

Sazak Pınar, E. (2006). Development of Early Childhood Special Education and Early Childhood Special Education Practices in Turkey and the World, Ankara University Faculty of Educational Sciences Journal of Special Education, 7(2), 71-83.

Shonkoff, J. P. & Meisels, S. J. (Eds.) (2010). Handbook of early childhood intervention New York: Cambridge University Press.

Siegel, R. (2004). Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty. From: http://www.npr.org.

Sucuka, N., Özkök, S. Ü. ve Vardar, B. (1997). Application and evaluation of mother child education program. Preschool Education Symposium "New Approaches in Preschool Education" Ankara University Press Publications, Ankara.

Sucuoğlu, B. (2014). Early education research. Ankara University Special Education Ph.D. Program, Lecture Notes.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.1481


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Özlem Altindağ Kumaş, Halime Miray Sümer

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).