Fatih Balaman, Yavuz Bolat, Muhammet Baş


In this study, the life skill levels of undergraduate students of Mustafa Kemal University in 2016-2017 academic year were compared to that of students receiving pedagogical formation education in the same term. For this purpose, 75 students receiving pedagogical formation training and 242 undergraduate students, total of 317 students participated in the research. The life skill levels of students were determined by using Life Skills Scale comprising 5 factors, the groups were compared in terms of each factor and total points. Also analysis of gender, age, marital status of parents, the location at which most of the lifespan covered were used as variables to evaluate the change in life skills level, then the groups were compared according to the findings. According to the Descriptional Statistics, ANOVA, Independent Groups t Test results that are evaluated through the obtained data; the “Life Skills”, “Skills of Overcoming Emotions and Stress”, “Emphaty Establishment and Self-awareness Skills”, “Decision-making and Problem solving Skills” “Creative and Critical Thinking Skills” “Communication and Interpersonal Relations Skills” of pedagogical formation students were found to be significantly higher than that of undergraduate students. Besides, it was seen that life skill levels of both groups do not vary with gender, and while the age variable was not functional in the life skill levels of formation students, it was influential in the life skill levels of undergraduate students. The marital status of parents (divorced parents) had significant effect on undergraduate students and no significant effect on pedagogical formation students, the place where most of the lifespan was covered had no significant effect on the life skill levels of both groups of students.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



training teachers, life skills, stress, awareness, empathy

Full Text:



Abaan, S. & Altıntoprak, A. (2005). Nurses’s perceptions of their problem solving ability: analysis of self apprasials. Journal of Hacettepe University School of Nursing (2005) 62-76.

Adams, G. R., & Roopnarine, J. L. (1994). Physical attractiveness, social skills, and same-sex peer popularity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 47(1), 15-35.

Altıntaş, E., & Özdemir, A. (2014). The effect of the developed differentiated approach on creative thinking skills of the students. Kastamonu Education Journal, 23 (2), 825-842.

Bailey, T., Jaggars, S. S., & Scott-Clayton, J. (2013). Commentary: Characterizing the effectiveness of developmental education: A response to recent criticism. Journal of Developmental Education, 36(3), 18.

Bolat, Y., & Balaman, F. (2017). Life skills scale: Validity and reliability study. Journal of the Human and Social Sciences Researches, 6(4), 22-39.

Coughlan, A. (2007). Learnıng to learn. Creative thinking and critical thinking. DCU Student Learning Resources. It was token http://dcn.dementiaelevator.ie/wpcontent/uploads/sites/3/2014/09/creativeandcritical-1.pdf

Cronin, M. E., Lord, D. C., & Wendling, K. (1991). Learning for life: The life skills curriculum. Intervention in School and Clinic, 26(5), 306-311.

Cronin Jr, J. J., Brady, M. K., & Hult, G. T. M. (2000). Assessing the effects of quality, value, and customer satisfaction on consumer behavioral intentions in service environments. Journal of Retailing, 76(2), 193-218.

Çoban, H. (1997). Bilgi toplumuna planlı geçiş: Gelecekten kaçılamaz: Bilgi toplumuna planlı geçiş için stratejik planlama ve yönetim bilgi sistemi uygulaması. İstanbul: İnkılap Kitabevi.

Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Nichols, T. R., & Doyle, M. M. (2003). Effectiveness of a universal drug abuse prevention approach for youth at high risk for substance use initiation. Preventive medicine, 36(1), 1-7.

Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., Epstein, J. A., & Doyle, M. M. (2002). Personal competence skills, distress, and well-being as determinants of substance use in a predominantly minority urban adolescent sample. Prevention Science, 3(1), 23-33.

Hamburg, D. A. & Takanishi, R. (1989). Preparing for life: The critical transition of adolescence. American Psychologist, 44(5), 825.

Hodge, K., & Danish, S. (1999). Promoting life skills for adolescent males through sport. Handbook of counseling boys and adolescent males: A practitioner’s guide, 55-71.

İşmen Gazioğlu, A., & Canel, A. (2015). A School-Based Prevention Model in the Fight Against Addiction: Life Skills Training. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 2(2), 5-44.

Karasar, N. (2015). Scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel Publication.

Kang, L., O'Mahony, M., & Peng, F. (2012). New measures of workforce skills in the EU. National Institute Economic Review, 220(1), R17-R28.

Kolovelonis, A., Goudas, M., & Dermitzaki, I. (2010). Self-regulated learning of a motor skill through emulation and self-control levels in a physical education setting. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(2), 198-212.

Kurt, Ü. (2003). The effects of managerial personality structures in the decision-making process. Unpublished masters thesis. Başkent University, Ankara.

Lewis, K. & Taymans, J. M. (1992). An examination of autonomous functioning skills of adolescents with learning disabilities. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 15(1), 37-46.

Melton, R., & Pennell, S. (1998). Staying out successfully: An evaluation of an in-custody life skills training program. San Diego Association of Governments.

Mohammadzadeh, M., Awang, H., & Tajik, E. (2017). Life skills needs assessment among Iranian immigrant students in Malaysia. Iranian journal of public health, 46(1), 143.

Nielsen-Bohlman, L., Panzer, A. M., & Kindig, D. A. (2004). Committee on Health Literacy, Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, Institute of Medicine. Health literacy: A prescription to end confusion.

Pujar, L., & Patil, S. (2016). Life skill development: Educational empowerment of adolescent. Journal of Applied Research, 2(5), 468-472.

Roessler, R. T., Loyd, R. J., & Brolin, D. E. (1990). Implementing Life-Centered Career Education: Contextual barriers and implementation recommendations. Academic Therapy, 25(4), 523-533.

Satherley, P., Lawes, E., & Sok, S. (2008). The adult literacy and life skills (ALL) survey: Overview and international comparisons. Comparative Education Research Unit, Research Division, Ministry of Education.

Smither, K., & Zhu, X. (2011). High school students’ experiences in a Sport Education unit: The importance of team autonomy and problem-solving opportunities. European Physical Education Review, 17(2), 203-217.

Sreekumar, V. (2016). Life skill education among adoloscents. International Journal of Development Research, 6 (11), 10188-10191.

Tekin, Ö., & Ehtiyar, R. (2010). Decision making in management: An investigation about decision making styles of different department managers who work in five star hotels in West Wntalya Region. Journal of Yasar University, 20(5), 3394‐3414.

Vranda, M., & Rao, C. (2011). Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Academy, 37, 9-15.

Vaidya, S. (2014). Education for life skills in India: An introduction in developing entrepreneurial life skills (pp. 1-14). Springer, New Delhi.

Vasa, S. F., & Steckelberg, A. L. (1980). Parent programs in career education for the handicapped. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 3(2), 74-82.

Yamaç, K. (2009). Information Society and Universities. Ankara: Eflatun Publication.

World Health Organization [WHO] (1997). Application of the International Classification of Diseases to Neurology: ICD-NA. World Health Organization.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.1582


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Fatih Balaman, Yavuz Bolat, Muhammet Baş

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).