A STUDY OF THE EMPLOYABILITY OF UPPER BASIC SCHOOL LEAVERS IN GAMBIA, NIGERIA AND SENEGAL

Alpha Dia, Burama Jammeh, Dayo Odukoya, Yves Benett, Cheikhou Touré

Abstract


This article is about the first part of a two-part Feasibility Study which originated in Bamako, in 2012, with initially four countries participating (Gambia, Guinée-Bissau, Nigeria, and Senegal). Later on, Guinée-Bissau withdrew from the group. Many young people in West and Central Africa leave school without having learned skills important in the work place. Arguably, such poor preparation for the world of work may be traceable in part, to how the Pre-Vocational (PV) school curriculum policy is implemented in Upper Basic Schools (UBS). The issuing Research Question then was: in what ways can the curriculum for UBS leavers be improved in order to enhance their employability during their last years at school? The general research objectives were to study the extent to which the current PV curriculum for UBS leavers was relevant to their employability and to introduce into the PV curriculum an innovative relevant Programme of Study. The present article refers to the first objective only and is essentially about a Baseline Survey of the employability of UBS leavers and of the deficiencies in the current PV school curriculum regarding their employability. Relevant research tools were developed and the main findings were that across the three countries, the teachers were aware of the concept of employability and of deficiencies in the PV curriculum regarding the employability level of the UBS leavers. Substantial proportions of UBS leavers in each country were not at an appropriate level of employability, with Senegal obtaining the highest average score for a Students’ Competency TEST across the three countries (41% of the maximum possible total score). Also, the students’ overall performance in the TEST masked some significant results for the individual TEST items. Appropriate actions were recommended for both the immediate future and the long term.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


employability, upper basic school leavers, Gambia, Nigeria Senegal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Benett Y and Tuxworth E (1984) Certificate in Pre-Vocational Education. An Analysis of curricular claims. London. Further Education Unit. Department of State for Education. UK

Boikhutso K, Dinama B and Kgotlaetsile (2013) Secondary School teachers’ perceptions of the role of Social Studies in fostering Citizenship competencies. Journal of Education and Training Studies Vol 1 (2) pp126-135.

Bynner Y and Parsons S (2002) Social exclusion and the transition from school to work: the case of young people not in education, employment, or training. Journal of Vocational Behaviour Vol 60 (2) pp289-309)

Hillage J and Pollard E (1998) Employability: developing a framework for policy analysis. England, Institute of Employment Studies

ILO (2012) Global employment trends for Youth 2012 http:www.ilo.org

Kwapong A (1988) Challenges of Education in Africa Ota. Nigeria. Africa Leadership Forum.

McQuaid R Lindsay C and Dutton M (2007) New approaches to employability in the UK: combining “Human Capital Development” and “Work First” strategies. Journal of Social Policy Vol 36 (4) pp539-560)

Nunn A. et al (2008) Employability Skills Project: Review of Evidence on Best Practice in Teaching and Assessing Employability Skills. England. Leeds Metropolitan University. UK Commission for Employment and Skills

NURS (2016) Nigeria Unemployment Rate Source, http://www.TradingEconomics.com/Nigeria

Obanya, P. (1995) Case Studies of Curriculum Innovations in Western Africa International Review of Education Vol 4(5) pp315-336.

PAGE (2011) Programme of Accelerated Growth and Employment. Banjul. The Gambia

Roegiers X (2010) La pédagogie de l’intégration. Bruxelles. De Boeck University

ROG (1996) Vision 2020. Banjul. The Gambia

SFS (2013) Youth Policy. Sourced from http://www.youthpolicy.org/factsheet/senegal

UNESCO (2015) Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges. UNESCO, Paris

Wang Y (2012) Education in a Changing World: Flexibility, Skills, and Employability Washington DC. The World Bank.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Alpha Dia, Burama Jammeh, Dayo Odukoya, Yves Benett, Cheikhou Touré

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).