EFFECTS OF FEEDING PROGRAMME ON ENROLMENT RATES AND RETENTION IN PUBLIC ECD CENTRES IN SIGOR DIVISION, CHEPALUNGU DISTRICT, BOMET COUNTY, KENYA

John Kosilei, Esther Omundi, John Aseta

Abstract


The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of school feeding programme on enrolment and retention rates in public pre-primary schools in Sigor Division, Chepalungu District, Bomet County. Sigor division has low enrollment rates of children in pre-school; it is also evident that there are drop outs. The research was carried out in Sigor Division in Chepalungu District in the 56 public preschools amongst pre-school teachers, pre-school SMC chairpersons and head teachers. The main objectives of the study included establishing availability of feeding programme and its effects on enrolment rates and retention, finding out how management and effectiveness of school feeding programmes affects enrolment and retention rates and also to give suggestions on how the feeding programmes could be improved so as to enhance enrolment and retention rates. The study was guided by Abraham Maslow theory of hierarchy of needs, this theory postulates that SFP motivate and attract learners to enroll in preschool and be retained upto the end of the school calendar. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The target population was 560 subjects including 56 Head teachers 112 teachers and 56 SMC chairpersons. Data was collected by use of questionnaires, observation check list and interview schedule. Data collected was analyzed for descriptive statistics (percentage, means and frequencies). Pre-school teachers, parents, Ministry of Education, health sector players and other key stakeholders in early childhood development and education sector may use the information collected to enhance the effectiveness of the feeding programmes as a strategy for improving enrolment and retention rates. Data was analyzed using statistics (frequencies and percentages), the findings revealed that there are 26 pre-schools with SFP, while 30 pre-schools did not have the said programmes. There were 147 teachers and headteachers who responded and also 56 chairpersons, making total respondents 203. Most of the teachers and head teachers were male and likewise to chairpersons. The feeding modality in the schools with SFP was the school meals. Majority of teachers were of the opinion that SFP affects enrollment rates positively. It was evident that enrollment was low prior to implementation of SFP and changed to high upon implementation. Findings showed that SFP is effective in enhancing enrollment and retention rates. The biggest challenge to SFP as per findings include: - poverty, parental attitude and hardship area climatically. Chairpersons recommended education of parents as a way of enhancing SFP majority of teachers and head teacher mentioned parents and school committee as responsible for funding SFP. The study concluded that SFP exist in 26 schools out of 56. It also concluded that low enrollment rates and retention are caused by absence of SFP among other factors. It also concluded that effective management is recommended to achieve the objectives of school feeding programme. It also recommends that parents need to be educated on the importance SFP and also be empowered economically. The other recommendation is that there should be effective management of SFP for positive results. The study finally suggests further study to understand other factors affecting enrollment rates and retention.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


feeding programme, enrolment rates, enrolment and retention rates

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adelman, S., H. Alderman, Gilligan D. O., and Konde-Lule J. (2008). “The impact of alternative food for education programs on child nutrition in northern Uganda.” Draft, IFPRI, Washington, DC

Ahmed, A. U. (2004). Assessing the performance of conditional cash transfer programs for girls and boys in primary and secondary schools in Bangladesh. Project report prepared for the World Bank. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Bennet J., (2003) Review of School Feeding Projects. DFID, UK. Bundy D (2005)’ School Health and Nutrition: Policy and programmes’, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, (26) Supplement 2, S 186 –S192.

Bundy, D,. Burbano, C,. Grosh, M,. Gelli, A., Jukes, M. & Drake, L., (2009). Rethinking School Feeding: Social Safety Nets, Child Development and the Education Sector. Retrieved November 6, 2014, from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id

Chepkwony, B.C, Kariuki, B.M & Kosgei, l. J (2013), School Feeding Program and Its Impact on Academic Achievement in ECDE in Roret Division, Bureti District in Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies. Vol. I 407-412

Del Rosso JM (1999). ’School feeding programmes: Improving effectiveness and increasing the benefit to education. A guide for me program managers.’ The partnership for Child Development Retrieved from: http://www.schoolsandhealth.org on 12/10/2012

Gilligan, D. (2009). International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Washington DC.

Jomaa L. H., McDonnell E., & Probart C., (2011). School Feeding Programs in Developing Countries: Impacts on Children’s Health and Educational Outcomes. Nutrition Review

Karisa S. (2012) Assessment of Home Grown School Feeding Programme (HGSFP) Theory in Kinango Sub-County, Kwale County, Kenya. Journal of Humanities and Social Science

Kearney, J.E. (2008) ‘A comparative analysis of five different school feeding strategies in the Vaal region’

Maslow, A. (1971). Hierarchy of Needs. Official Abraham Maslow H. Maslow publication. America.

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2005). A Policy Framework for Education, Training and Research. Nairobi. Government Printers.

Munyiri M., (2010). The Impact of School Feeding Programme on Performance of Pre-School Children in Kikuyu District – Central Province: University of Nairobi.

Murungi, C. (2011). Children’s Basic Needs and Enrolment in Early Childhood Education in Miriga Meru West Division. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. Kenyatta University

Uduku, O. (2011) ‘School building design for feeding programmes and community outreach: insights from Ghana and South Africa. International Journal of Educational Development

Tomlinson M., (2007). School feeding in east and southern Africa: Improving food sovereignty or photo opportunity? Regional Network for Equity in Health in Southern Africa: (EQUINET) EQUINET Discussion Paper Number

World Food Programme, (2009). "School Meals". World Food Programme. 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2013


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 John Kosilei, Esther Omundi, John Aseta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).