THE IMPACT OF GENDER DIFFERENCES ON THE FORMATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S ASPIRATIONS/EXPECTATIONS AND CHOICES FOR THEIR EDUCATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL FUTURE: A REVIEW OF SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE

Georgia Spiliopoulou, Gerasimos Koustourakis, Anna Asimaki

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to investigate and present the formation of the aspirations/expectations and choices of young people in relation to their educational and occupational future, as these are influenced by the ‘gender’ factor, through a review of recent sociological scientific literature. From a study of the research findings of relevant scientific papers, it emerges that there is a gender dichotomy in the choice of school subjects, disciplines and occupations, with girls making choices that are specific to positions largely held by women and boys preferring those that are ‘male-dominated’. It seems that young people are mainly oriented towards traditional stereotypical educational and occupational choices. Thus, young boys and girls activate ‘dispositions’ that are related to their educational future and their professional destination, which are suited to either ‘male’ or ‘female’ nature as timeless stereotypical patterns. In addition, social class of origin tends to dictate gender beliefs among young people, which directs them to more or less gender stereotypical choices and paths.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


gender, young people, educational and occupational choices, educational and occupational aspirations/expectations, gendered habitus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Accardo A, Corcuff P, 1986. La Sociologie de Bourdieu, Le Mascaret, Bordeaux.

Adams C, Walkerdine V, 1986. Investigating gender in the primary school, Inner London Education Authority, London.

Alexander J, Thompson K, Edles L, 2016. Contemporary Introduction to Sociology: culture and society in transition, Gutenberg, Athens.

Archer A, 2002. Change, culture and tradition: British Muslim pupils talk about Muslim girls’ post-16 ‘choices’. Race Ethnicity and Education 5(4): 359-376. doi: 10.1080/1361332022000030888

Archer L, Halsall A, Hollingworth S, 2007. Class, gender, (hetero)sexuality and schooling: paradoxes within working-class girls’ engagement with education and post-16 aspirations. British Journal of Sociology of Education 28(2): 165-180. doi: 10.1080/01425690701192570

Archer J, Macrae M, 1991. Gender perceptions of school subjects among 10-11 year olds. British Journal of Educational Psychology 61: 99-103.

Arnot M, David M, Weiner G, 1999. Closing the gender gap: Postwar education and social change, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Best R, 1983. We’ve all got scars: What boys and girls learn in elementary school, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN.

Bourdieu P, 1986. The forms of capital. In J G Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education, Greenwood Press, New York, pp. 241-258.

Bourdieu P, 1989. Social space and symbolic power. Sociological Theory 7(1): 14-25.

Bourdieu P, 1993. Sociology in question, Sage, London.

Bourdieu P, 1994. Texts of Sociology, Delfini, Athens.

Bourdieu P, 2000. Practical reason: On the theory of action, Plethron, Athens.

Bourdieu P, 2005. For science and its social uses, Polytropon, Athens.

Bourdieu P, 2006. The sense of practice, Alexandreia, Athens.

Bourdieu P, 2007. Science of science and reflection, Patakis, Athens.

Bourdieu P, 2015. La domination masculine, Patakis, Athens.

Bourdieu P, Passeron J-C, 1996. The inheritors. Students and culture, Institute of Book - A. Kardamitsa, Athens.

Bourdieu P, Wacquant L, 1992. Réponses, Les Éditions du Seuil, Paris.

Clegg S, 2001. Theorising the Machine: gender, education and computing. Gender and Education 13(3): 307-324. doi: 10.1080/09540250120063580

Colley A, Comber C, 2003. School subject preferences: Age and gender differences revisited. Educational Studies 29(1): 59-67. doi: 10.1080/03055690303269

Colley A, Comber C, Hargreaves D J, 1994. School subject preferences of pupils in single-sex and co-educational secondary schools. Educational Studies 20(3): 379-385. doi: 10.1080/0305569940200306

David M E, Ball S J, Davies J, Reay D, 2003. Gender issues in parental involvement in student choices of higher education. Gender and Education 15(1): 21-36. doi: 10.1080/0954025032000042121

Durndell A, Siann G, Glissov P, 1990. Gender differences and computing in course choice at entry into higher education. British Educational Research Journal 16(2): 149-162.

Feliciano C, Rumbaut R G, 2005. Gendered paths: Educational and occupational expectations and outcomes among adult children of immigrants. Ethnic and Racial Studies 28(6): 1087-1118. doi: 10.1080/01419870500224406

Francis B, 1996. Doctor/nurse, teacher/caretaker: children’s gendered choice of adult occupation in interviews and role plays. British Journal of Education and Work 9(3): 47-58. doi: 10.1080/0269000960090304

Francis B, 2000. The gendered subject: students’ subject preferences and discussions of gender and subject ability. Oxford Review of Education 26(1): 35-48. doi: 10.1080/030549800103845

Francis B, 2002. Is the future really female? The impact and implications of gender for 14-16 year olds’ career choices. Journal of Education and Work 15(1): 75-88. doi: 10.1080/13639080120106730

Francis B, Hutchings M, Archer L, Melling L, 2003. Subject choice and occupational aspirations among pupils at girls’ schools. Pedagogy, Culture & Society 11(3): 425-442.

Eccles J, 1994. Understanding women’s educational and occupational choices: Applying the Eccles et al. model of achievement-related choices. Psychology of Women Quarterly 18(4): 585-609.

Eccles J, 2011. Gendered educational and occupational choices: Applying the Eccles et al. model of achievement-related choices. International Journal of Behavioral Development 35(3): 195-201. doi: 10.1177/0165025411398185

Evans S, 2009. In a different place: Working-class girls and higher education. Sociology 43(2): 340-355. doi: 10.1177/0038038508101169

Furlong A, Biggart A, 1999. Framing ‘Choices’: a longitudinal study of occupational aspirations among 13- to 16-year-olds. Journal of Education and Work 12(1): 21-35. doi: 10.1080/1363908990120102

Giddens Α, 2002. Sociology, Gutenberg, Athens.

Hansen M N, 1997. Social and economic equality in the educational career: Do the effects of social background characteristics decline? European Sociological Review 13(3): 305-321.

Kemelgor C, Etzkowitz H, 2001. Overcoming isolation: Women’s dilemmas in academic science. Minerva 39(2): 153-175.

Lightbody P, Durndell A, 1996. Gendered career choice: is sex-stereotyping the cause or the consequence? Educational Studies 22(2): 133-146. doi: 10.1080/0305569960220201

Lightbody P, Siann G, Stocks R, Walsh D, 1996. Motivation and attribution at secondary school: the role of gender. Educational Studies 22(1): 13-25. doi: 10.1080/0305569960220102

Lörz M, Schindler S, Walter, J G, 2011. Gender inequalities in higher education: extent, development and mechanisms of gender differences in enrolment and field of study choice. Irish Educational Studies 30(2): 179-198. doi: 10.1080/03323315.2011.569139

Maragoudaki H, 2003. Gender factor in secondary and tertiary education: aspects of continuity and change. In V Deligianni-Kouimtzi & L Frosi (Eds.), Gender and educational reality in Greece: Promoting gender equality interventions in the Greek Educational System, KETHI, Athens, pp. 10-74.

Maton K, 2008. Habitus. In M Grenfell (Ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts, Acumen, Stocksfield, pp. 49-65.

Minello A, 2014. The educational expectations of Italian children: the role of social interactions with the children of immigrants. International Studies in Sociology of Education 24(2): 127-147. doi: 10.1080/09620214.2014.896567

Pásztor A, 2010. ‘Go, go on and higher an’ higher’. Second-generation Turks’ understanding of the role of education and their struggle through the Dutch school system. British Journal of Sociology of Education 31(1): 59-70. doi: 10.1080/01425690903385451

Riddell S, 1992. Gender and the Politics of the Curriculum, Routledge, London.

Rogers L, Hallam S, 2010. Gender differences in perceptions of studying for the GCSE. International Journal of Inclusive Education 14(8): 795-811. doi: 10.1080/13603110902721654

Rommes E, Overbeek G, Scholte R, Engels R, De Kemp R, 2007. ‘I'm Not Interested in Computers’: Gender-based occupational choices of adolescents. Information, Communication & Society 10(3): 299-319. doi: 10.1080/13691180701409838

Sanders K, Willemsen T M, Millar C C J M, 2009. Views from above the glass ceiling: Does the academic environment influence women professors’ careers and experiences? Sex Roles 60(5-6): 301-312. doi: 10.1007/s11199-008-9547-7

Siann G, Callaghan M, 2001. Choices and Barriers: Factors influencing women’s choice of higher education in science, engineering and technology. Journal of Further and Higher Education 25(1): 85-95. doi: 10.1080/03098770020030524

Spender D, 1982. Invisible women: The schooling scandal, Writers and Readers, London.

Støren L A, Arnesen C Å, 2007. Women’s and men’s choice of higher education—what explains the persistent sex segregation in Norway? Studies in Higher Education 32(2): 253-275. doi: 10.1080/03075070701267293

Swingewood A, 1998. Cultural theory and the problem of modernity, ST. Martin’s Press INC, USA.

Thomson P, 2008. Field. In M Grenfell (Ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts, Acumen, Stocksfield, pp. 67-81.

Van de Werfhorst H G, Sullivan A, Cheung S Y, 2003. Social class, ability and choice of subject in Secondary and Tertiary Education in Britain. British Educational Research Journal 29(1): 41-62. doi: 10.1080/0141192032000057366

Vitsilakis-Soroniatis C, 1997. The role of gender in shaping educational and professional aspirations. In V Deligianni and S Ziogou (Eds.), Gender and School Action: Collection of Papers, Vanias, Thessaloniki, pp. 586-620.

Vitsilakis-Soroniatis Ch, Maratou-Alipranti L, Kapella A, 2001. Education and gender: A literature review study, KETHI, Athens.

Wacquant L, 1989. Towards a reflexive sociology: A workshop with Pierre Bourdieu. Sociological Theory 7(1): 26-63.

Whitehead J, 1996. Sex stereotypes, gender identity and subject choice at ‘A’-level. Educational Research 38(2): 147-160. doi: 10.1080/0013188960380203


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Georgia Spiliopoulou, Gerasimos Koustourakis, Anna Asimaki

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).