PREVALENCE OF ACADEMIC STRESS AMONG MEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL STUDENTS

Z. Zamroni, Nur Hidayah, M. Ramli, IM. Hambali

Abstract


Prevalence of academic stress among university students has been high across the world. Most studies on such topic have been conducted in limited population, particularly in the students of medical faculty and the publicly secular-based university. The present study was carried out on students at the department of medicine and department of pharmacy, the Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia. This study was aimed to describe the level of academic stress prevalence among the students as well as its difference based on demographics, including department, gender, and previous education backgrounds. This study involved 72 students as participants. The results indicated that the prevalence of academic stress reached 61% in the medical students and 48.4% in the pharmaceutical students. Meanwhile, there were no significant differences in the level of prevalence in terms of department, gender, and educational background (P > .05). Academic stress was experienced by the students of various departments, from the differing previous education background, i.e., the Public Senior High School (Sekolah Menengah Atas), Islamic Senior High School (Madrasah Aliyah), and Islamic Boarding School (Pesantren), both the males and females. A high prevalence of academic stress among students at the Islamic university should draw more attention and call for special intervention from the unit of guidance and counseling service.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


prevalence, academic stress, medical, pharmaceutical, students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agolla, J. E. & Ongori, H. (2009). An assessment of academic stress among undergraduate students: the case of University of Botswana. Educational Research and Review, 4 (2), 063–070.

Aldwin, C. M. (2007). Stress, coping, and development: an integrative perspective (second edition). New York: The Guilford Press.

Arnett, J. J. (2015). The cultural psychology of emerging adulthood. In L. A. Jensen (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture (pp. 487–501). London: Oxford University Press.

Asani, M. O., Farouk, Z., & Gambo, S. (2016). Prevalence of perceived stress among clinical students of Bayero University Medical School. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Clinical Sciences, 13(1), 55–58. doi:10.4103/0331-8540.176209

Christyanti, D., Mustami’ah, D., & Sulistiani, W. (2010). Hubungan antara penyesuaian diri terhadap tuntutan akademik dengan kecenderungan stres pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Hang Tuah Surabaya. Insan, 12(3), 153–159.

Eva, E. O., Islam, M. Z., Mosaddek, A. S. M., Rahman, M. F., Rozario, R. J., Iftekhar, A. F. M. H., Ahmed, T. S., Jahan, I., Abubakar, A. R., Dali, W. P. E. W., Razzaque, M. S., Habib, R. B., & Haque, M. (2015). Prevalence of stress among medical students: a comparative study between public and private medical schools in Bangladesh. BMC Res Notes, 8(327), 1–7. doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1295-5

Evangelia, K. & Spiridon, K. (2011). Stages of change, self-efficacy and stress management perceptions in first year undergraduate students. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 24–32. doi: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20110101.04

Habeeb, K. A. (2010). Prevalence of stressors among female medical students Taibah University. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 5(2), 110–119.

Ibrahim, M. B. & Abdelreheem, M. H. (2015). Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria University. Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 51(2), 167–173. doi: 10.1016/j.ajme.2014.06.002

Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Loubir, D. B., Serhier, Z., Diouny, S., Battas, O., Agoub, M. & Othmani, M. B. (2014). Prevalence of stress in Casablanca medical students: a cross-sectional study. Pan African Medical Journal, 19(149), 1–10. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2014.19.149.4010

Nurasysyifa, E. D., Widayanti, & Hikmawati, D. (2016). Hubungan VO2 maks dengan tingkat stres pada mahasiswa laki-laki Fakultas Kedokteran UNISBA. Prosiding Pendidikan Dokter, 2(2), 1051–1055.

Oku, A. O. O., Owoaje, E. T., Oku, O. O. & Ikpeme, B. M. (2015). Prevalence of stress, stressors and coping strategies among medical students in a Nigerian Medical School. African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 14(1), 29–34. doi: 10.4103/2384-5589.153384

Phang, C. K., Sherina, M. S., Zubaidah, J. O., Noor Jan, K. O. N., Firdaus, M., Siti Irma, F. I., & Normala, I. (2015). Prevalence of psychological stress among undergraduate students attending a health programme in a Malaysian University. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 23(1), 29–35.

Rakhmawati, I, Farida, P., & Nurhalimah. (2014). Sumber stress akademik dan pengaruhnya terhadap tingkat stress mahasiswa keperawatan DKI Jakarta. Jurnal Keperawatan, 2(3), 72–84.

Rosiek, A., Kryszewska, A. R., Leksowski, L. & Leksowski, K. (2012). Chronic stress and suicidal thinking among medical students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(212), 1–16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13020212

Sivan, S. & Rangasubhe, P. (2013). Prevalence of stress and its associated factors. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2(48), 9386–9394. doi: 10.14260/jemds/1627

Sun, J., Dunne, M. P., Hou, X., & Xu, A. (2011). Educational stress scale for adolescents: development, validity, and reliability with Chinese students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 29(6), 534–546. doi: 10.1177/0734282910394976

Suprayogo, I. (2006). Memelihara sangkar ilmu: refleksi pemikiran & pengembangan UIN Malang. Malang: UIN-Malang Press.

Wahyudi, R., Bebasari, E., & Nazriati, E. (2015). Hubungan kebiasaan berolahraga dengan tingkat stres pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau tahun pertama, Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran, 2(2), 1–11.

Yusoff, M. S. B., Rahim, A. F. A., & Yaacob, M. J. (2009). Prevalence and sources of stress among Universiti Sains Malaysia medical students, Malaysian Journal Medical Science, 17(1), 30–37.

Zamroni, Hidayah, N., Ramli, M., & Hambali, IM. (2016). Revitalization of the role and function of guidance and counseling in college to improve student’s academic hardiness. In Suwarjo, D. M. Handarini, T. H. Dahlan, & Y. K. S. Pranoto (Eds), The Proceeding of 1st Semarang State University International Conference on Counseling and Educational Psychology (pp. 429–439). Semarang: Department of Guidance and Counseling UNNES.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Z. Zamroni, Nur Hidayah, M. Ramli, IM. Hambali

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).