A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-PERCEPTION OF PARENTAL ROLE AND MARITAL ATTITUDE

Utku Beyazit, Gönül Taşçioğlu, Fatma Gül Cirhinlioğlu

Abstract


Individuals’ perceptions of parental roles is a significant aspect of their parenting and one's appraisal of parental roles might be related to their global appraisal of marriage. Therefore in this study, it was aimed to examine the relationship between self perception of parental role and marital attitude. The participants of the study are comprised of 220 females and males. In order to gather socio-demographic information, the parents were administered an “Individual Information Form”. In order to assess participants’ self-perception of parental roles Self-Perception of Parental Role Scale, and in order to assess marital attitudes of the participants Marital Attitude Scale (MAS), were administered. As a result, it was found that there are significantly positive correlations (p<0.05) between the scores of the competence and role balance subdimensions of SPPR and the scores of MAS, whereas there are no significant correlations (p>0.05) between the scores of the role satisfaction and investment subdimensions of SPPR and the scores of MAS. The findings are discussed in terms of the relevant literature.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


parental role, self-perception of parental role, marital attitude

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amato, P. R., & DeBoer, D. D. (2001). The transmissions of marital instability across generations: Relationship skills or commitment to marriage? Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63, 1038–1051.

Amato, P. R., & Rogers, S. J. (1999). Do attitudes toward divorce affect marital quality? Journal of Family Issues, 20, 69–86.

Bassett, L., Braaten, E., & Rosén, L. (1999). Test-retest reliability for the Marital Attitude Scale. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 32(1-2), 155-158.

Benzies, K. M., Harrison, M. J. H., & Magill-Evans, J. (2004). Parenting stress, marital quality, and child behavior problems at age 7 years. Public Health Nursing, 21(2), 111–121. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0737-1209.2004.021204.x.

Bonds, D. D., & Gondoli, D. M. (2007). Examining the process by which marital adjustment affects maternal warmth: The role of co-parenting support as a mediator. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(2), 288-296.

Bornstein, M. H., Hendricks, C., Hahn, C., Haynes, O. M., Painter, K. M. & Tamis- LeMonda, C. (2003). Contributors to self-perceived competence, satisfaction, investment, and role balance in maternal parenting: A multivariate ecological analysis. Parenting: Science and Practice, 3(4), 285-326. Doi: 10.1207/s15327922par0304_2.

Braaten, E. B., & Rosén, L. A. (1998). Development and validation of the Marital Attitude Scale, Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 29(3), 83-91. Doi: 10.1300/J087v29n03_05.

Buehler, C., & Gerard, J. M. (2004). Marital conflict, ıneffective parenting, and children's and adolescents' maladjustment. Journal of Mariage and Family, 64(1), 78-92. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00078.x.

Chang, L., Lansford, J .E., Scwartz, D., & Farver, J. M. (2004). Marital quality, maternal depressed affect, harsh parenting, and child externalising in Hong Kong Chinese families. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28(4), 311-318. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01650250344000523.

Chen, W., Propp, J., Delara, E., & Corvo, K. (2011). Child neglect and its association with subsequent juvenile drug and alcohol offense. Child Adolesc Soc Work J, 28, 273– 290.

Christensen, E. J. (2014). Young adults’ marital attitudes and intentions: the role of parental conflict, divorce and gender. Ph. D. Thesis (Unpublished), Colorado: Colorado State University.

Clifford-Poston, A. (2004). The secrets of successful parenting (pathways). U.K.: How To Books Ltd.

Deater-Deckard, K. (2004). Parenting stress. U.S.A.: Yale University Press.

Delvecchio, E., Di Riso, D., & Salcuni, S. (2015). Self-perception of parental role, family functioning, and familistic beliefs in Italian parents: Early evidence. Front Psychol. 6, 1-9. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01983.

Dökmen, Z. Y. (2016). Gender, social psychological explanations [In Turkish]. İstanbul: Sistem Publishing.

Elek, S. M., Hudson, D. B., & Bouffard, C. (2003). Marital and parenting satisfaction and infant care self-efficacy during the transition to parenthood: The effect of infant sex. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 26(1), 45-57. Doi: 10.1080/01460860390183065.

Elloy, D. F., & Smith, C. R. (2003). Patterns of stress, work‐family conflict, role conflict, role ambiguity and overload among dual‐career and single‐career couples: An Australian study. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 10(1), 55-66, https://doi.org/10.1108/13527600310797531.

Etcheverry, P. E., & Le, B. (2005). Thinking about commitment: Accessibility of commitment and prediction of relationship persistence, accommodation, and willingness to sacrifice. Personal Relationships, 12, 103–123. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1350-4126.2005.00104.x.

Frosch, C. A., Mangelsdorf, S. C., McHale, J. L. (2000). Marital behavior and the security of preschooler–parent attachment relationships. Journal of Family Psychology, 14(1),144-161.

Grych, J. H. (2002). Marital relationships and parenting. Marc H. Bornstein (Ed). In Handbook of parenting. social conditions and applied parenting (p. 203-226). U.S.A.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Güler, M. & Yetim, Ü. (2008). Self-perception of Parental Role (SPPR) Scale: Validity and reliability study. Turkish Psychological Articles, 11 (22), 44-46.

Kaczynski, K. J., Lindahl, K. M., Malik, N. M.,& Laurenceau, J. (2006). Marital conflict, maternal and paternal parenting, and child adjustment: A test of mediation and moderation. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(2), 199-208.

Kitzmann, K. M. (2000). Effects of marital conflict on subsequent triadic family interactions and parenting. Developmental Psychology, 36(1), 3-13.

MacPhee, D., Benson, J. B., & Bullock, D. (1986). Influences on maternal self- perceptions. Infant Behav. Dev. 9(236), 1-26. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(86)80239-9.

Mayseless, O. (2006). Studying parenting representations as a window to parents’ internal working model of caregiving. O. Mayseless (Ed.) In Parenting representations. theory, research, and clinical implications (p. 3-40). U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

McCoy, K. P., George, R. W. G., Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. D. (2013). Constructive and destructive marital conflict, parenting, and children's school and social adjustment. Social Development, 22(4), 641-662. Doi: 10.1111/sode.12015.

Minotte, K. L., Pedersen, D., & Mannon, S. E. (2010). The emotional terrain of parenting and marriage: Emotion work and marital satisfaction. The Social Science Journal, 47(4), 747-761. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2010.07.011.

Neff, L. A., & Karney, B. R. (2002). Self-evaluation motives in close relationships: A model of global enhancement and specific verification. P. Noller, J. A. Feeney (Ed). In Understanding marriage (p. 32-58). U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

O'Brien, M., & Peyton, V. (2002). Parenting attitudes and marital intimacy: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 16(2), 118-127.

O'Leary, S. G., & Vidair, H. B. (2005). Marital adjustment, child-rearing disagreements, and overreactive parenting: predicting child behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 208-216.

Öz, F. S., Uz Baş, A., & Aysan, F. (2016). Adaptation of the Marital Attitude Scale to Turkish: Validity and reliability. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 24(2), 1951-1964.

Pedro, M. F.,Ribeiro, T., & Shelton, K. H. (2012). Marital satisfaction and partners' parenting practices: The mediating role of co-parenting behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(4), 509-522. Doi: 10.1037/a0029121.

Riggio, H., & Weiser, D. (2008). Attitudes toward marriage: Embeddedness and outcomes in personal relationships. Personal Relationships, 15(1), 123-140. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6811.2007.00188.x.

Rudy, D., & Grusec, J. E. (2006). Social cognitive approaches to parenting representations. O. Mayseless (Ed.) In Parenting representations. Theory, research, and clinical implications (p. 79-107). U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Sevigny, P. R., & Loutzenhiser, L. (2010). Predictors of parenting self‐efficacy in mothers and fathers of toddlers. Child: Care, health and development, 36(2), 179-189. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.00980.x.

Shelton, K. H., & Harold, G. T. (2008). Interparental conflict, negative parenting, and children's adjustment: Bridging links between parents' depression and children's psychological distress. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(5), 712-724. Doi: 10.1037/a0013515.

Shumov, L., & Lomax, R. (2009). Parental efficacy: Predictor of parenting behavior and adolescent outcomes. Parenting: Science and Practice, 2(2), 127-150. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327922PAR0202_03.

Svensson, B., Bornehag, C., & Janson, S. (2011). Chronic conditions in children increase the risk for physical abuse – but vary with socio-economic circumstances. Acta Paediatrica, 100:, 407–412.

Twenge, J. M., & Campell, W. K. (2003). Parenthood and marital satisfaction: A meta- analytic review. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 574–583. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00574.x.

Willoughby, B. J. (2014). Using marital attitudes in late adolescence to predict later union transitions. Youth & Society, 46(3), 425-440.x.

Wilson, B. J., & Gottman, J. M. (2002). Marital conflict, repair, and parenting. Marc H. Bornstein (Ed.) In Handbook of parenting. social conditions and applied parenting (p. 227-258). U.S.A.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Utku Beyazit, Gönül Taşçioğlu, Fatma Gül Cirhinlioğlu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).