THE EFFECT OF MUSIC ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN MATHEMATICS: A SURVEY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN TUBAH MUNICIPALITY, CAMEROON

Valentine Banfegha Ngalim, Ngam Chinye

Abstract


This study investigated the effect of music on pupils’ academic performance in nursery and primary schools of Tubah Municipality. In order to achieve this objective, we used a quasi-experimental research design with both quantitative and qualitative research methods. From the total population of 3,070 pupils and 300 teachers in 45 schools, 120 pupils, 40 teachers and 04 schools were sampled using the non-probability sampling technique that is the convenient. The purposive sampling technique was used in deciding which part of the accessible population constitutes the sample population which in this case was made up of nursery school children, primary two pupils and teachers. The Krejcie and Morgan table was used to decide how many teachers and pupils make up the sample. Four instruments were used to collect data; a structured questionnaire designed using the likert scale, an interview guide for teachers, working memory test and participant’s observation guide. Descriptive statistics (in the form of frequencies, percentages, charts and tables) and inferential statistics were used for data analyses. Specifically, the two- way ANOVA and Regression analysis tests were used to test the hypothesis at a 0.05 level of significance. The finding revealed that there is a significant relationship between the use of music in the teaching and the pupils’ academic performance in Mathematics. That is, when music is used the pupils perform better in Mathematics. Based on these findings, it was recommended that more attention be given to ensure the employment of music pedagogy within the competence/project based approaches.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


music; academic performance; mathematics; early childhood education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin, M.E (2005). Social Science Research Conception, Methodology and Analysis, Uganda, Kampala: Makerere University.

Aristotle, (1999). Politics, Benjamin Jowett (tr.), Batoche Books, Kitchener.

Binkiewiez, D. (2006). “Tunes of the Time”: Historical Songs as Pedagogy for Recent U.S History. History Teacher Association Vol. 39(4), Pp.515-520. Retrieved February 11, 2016 from Education Research Complete Database.

Bongwong, B. (2015). Memory Processes in Acquiring Xylophone Playing Competences Among Nso’ Children In Kumbo. A Doctoral Dissertation, University of Buea. Southwest Region, Cameroon.

Church, E.B (2000). Music and Math: The Magical Connection Scholastic Parent and Child. Early Childhood Education Journal Vol 18(3), 50-58

Dewey, J. (1966), Democracy and Education: An introduction to the philosophy of Education, New York: MacMillan.

Epstein, A. S (2003). “Early Math: It’s More Than Numbers”. Child Care Information Exchange. Vol. 151, 42-50.

Gardner, M.E, Fox, A., Knowles, F., and Jeffre, D. (1996). Learning Improved by Arts Training Nature, Early Childhood Education Journal Vol. 381, (6580), 284-295.

Gardner, H. (2010). Multiple Intelligences,

in http://www.howardgardner.com/MI/mi.html.accessed 12/09/2018.

Levinowitz, L.M. (1998).The Importance of Music in Early Childhood. New York: Mc Gram Hill.

Ngalim, V.B. (2016). Critical thinking in Education: An introduction to philosophy of Education in the African contexts. Destiny Prints, Bamenda.

Ngalim, V.B. (2018). “Dewey’s Notion of Interest: Antithetic to or Sympathetic with Educational Development? in R. Heilbronn, C. Doddington, R. Higham (eds.), in Dewey and Education in the 21st Century: fighting back. Emerald Publishing, Cambridge, (201-215).

Nworgu, B. (1999). Educational Research and Basic Issues and Methodology, Ibadan: Wisdom Publishers’ Ltd Nigeria.

Plato, (2001). The Republic. (tr.), Cornford, F.M. (ed.), New York, Oxford University Press.

Raushcer, F.H, Shaw, G.L., Levince, L.J., Wright, E.L., Dennis, W.R. and Newcomb, R. (1997) Music Training Causes Long Term Enhancement of Pre-School Children’s Spatial Temporal Reasoning Abilities. Retrieved February 12 2016 from www.menc.org/articles/academis/rauscher.htm

Tchombe T.M.S, Nsamenang A.B., Keller, H. & Fullop, M. (2013). Cross Cultural Psychology: An Africentric Perspectives: Limbe Design House.

Titanji, P.K., Nalova, L., Tambo, I.L., Tchombo, M.T., Mbua, N.F., Titanji, F.P. & Tiayon, C. (2008). Introduction to music in nursery and primary education. University of Buea, Cameroon: (Unpublished).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Valentine Banfegha Ngalim, Ngam Chinye

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).