R. O. Gisemba, A. Sindabi, Obonyo D.


Drug abuse amongst youth and especially those schooling has become a major social problem not only in Kenya, but globally. Drug abuse amongst schooling youth has led to decline in their performance, increased drop out, increased cases of indiscipline and even death. Many studies have offered mixed or inconclusive findings on the causes of drug abuse amongst schooling youth especially those at primary level. The purpose of this was to the influence of family factors on drug abuse amongst public primary pupils in Nyamira County, Kenya. The research was guided by the following objectives: to establish the influence of nature of structure of families on drug abuse, to determine the influence of nature of parenting on the drug abuse to evaluate the influence of family value and culture on the drug abuse among public primary school pupils in Nyamira County. The study employed descriptive research survey. A sample of 220 pupils was selected from a population of 12045 pupils through proportionate stratified sampling together with 20 teachers from the guidance and counseling department who were purposively sampled. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from the pupils, while an interview schedule was used to collect qualitative data from the guidance and counseling teachers. For purposes of validity and reliability of the instruments, the questionnaire was piloted in five schools in Borabu Sub-County and their reliability was ascertained using Cronbach’s alpha. The reliability of the questionnaire item was well above 0.75. Quantitative data was analyzed descriptively and inferentially using a Chi-square in SPSS V.23) and the stated hypothesis was rejected at 5% significance level. Qualitative data was transcribed and analyzed thematically. The study established that decline in family nature and structure, coupled with failure by the community to have a united approach in drug abuse has negatively influenced the surge in drug and substance abuse amongst pupils in schools. The study recommends active parental involvement in the schooling and upbringing of their children.


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