Hasan Akdeniz, Gülay Ekici


The aim of this study is to develop an inventory of individuals' habits of mind. A 256-item was generated and presented to the expert opinion during the development of the inventory. After the validity of the Lawshe analysis, 144 items were excluded from the inventory. There are 16 scales in the inventory. The draft inventory of 112 items was applied to 707 students studying in science and art centers during 2017-2018 academic year. In order to determine the suitability of the data for factor analysis, Kaiser-Meyer Olkin (KMO) coefficient and Barlett's Sphericity test, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) for providing proof of construct validity, Cronbach's Alpha for the purpose of determining reliability , item total correlation for providing proof of internal validity of the items, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) calculations were made for the suitability of sub-dimensions. As a result of the transactions, the inventory has been proven to be a useful tool in determining the habits of minds of individuals.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



habits of mind, inventory development, gifted and talented student

Full Text:



Allen, M. J., & Yen, W. M. (1979). Introduction to measurement theory. Monterey, Calif.: Brooks/Cole.

Altan, S., Lane, J., & Dottin, E. (2017). Using habits of mind, ıntelligent behaviors, and educational theories to create a conceptual framework for developing effective teaching dispositions. Journal of Teacher Education, 1(15)

Anastasia, A. & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological Testing. USA: Prentice Hall.

Burgess, J. (2012). The impact of teaching thinking skills as habits of mind to young children with challenging behaviors. Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, 17(1), 47-63. doi:doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2012.652426

Bülbül Özüm, B. (2016). The evaluation of the learning environment designed for improve the geometric habits of mind of mathematic pre-service teachers. (PhD Thesis). https://tez.yok.gov.tr

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2010). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı. Ankara: Pegem.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2014). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem.

Byrne, B. M. & Campbell, T. L. (1999). Cross-cultural comparisons and thepresumption of equivalent measurement and theoretical structure: A look beneath the surface. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 30, 555.

Calvini, A., Fini, A., & Ranieri M. (2008). Models and instruments for assessing digital competence at school. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society, (4)3, 183-193.

Campbell, J. (2006). Theorising habits of mind as a framework for learning. Proceedings of the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Adelaide, South Australia. Retrieved from http://aassaquito2012.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/51873287/Theorising%20Habits %20of%20Mind%20as%20a%20Framework%20for%20Learning.pdf

Costa, A. & Kallick, B. (2008). Learning and leading with habits of mind: 16 essential characteristics for success. USA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Costa, A. (2001). Mediating the metacognitive. In A. Costa (Ed.), Developing minds: A resource book for teaching thinking (pp. 408–412). Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Costa, A. L. (1985). Developing minds: A resource book for teaching thinking. Arlington, VA: Association for Curriculum and Supervision.

Costa, A. L. (1991). The Search for ıntelligent life. in A. Costa, (Ed.) Developing Minds: A Resource Book for Teaching Thinking: pp. 100-106 Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Costa, A., & Garmston, R. (1998). Maturing outcomes. Encounter: Education for Meaning and Social Justice, 11(1). 10–18.

Cuoco, A. (2008, January). Mathematical habits of mind: An organizing principle for curriculum design. Paper presented at a Project NExT Session on Helping Students Develop Mathematical Habits on Mind, Joint Mathematics Meetings, San Diego, CA. Powerpoint available at http://www2.edc.org/CME/showcase.html

Cuoco, A., Goldenberg, E. P., and Mark, J. (1996). Habits of mind: An organizing principle for a mathematics curriculum. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 15(4), 375-402.

Dostal, P. (2000). An examination of explanatory style and habits of the mind as correlates of academic achievement ın 7th-grade gifted students (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://las.sinica.edu.tw:1085/search~S0?/d0473/d++++0473/47%2C- 1%2C0%2CE/frameset&FF=d++++0525&808%2C%2C2237

Duhigg, C. (2012). Alışkanlıkların gücü (H. Balkara Çevikus, Çev.). İstanbul: Boyner.

Dvorak, M. J. (2007). Gifted education teachers: Knowledge, skills, and dispositions in thought and action (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (UMI No. 4384271).

Ekici, G. (2016). Zihin alışkanlıklarına göre öğrenme-öğretme kuramları. G. Ekici (Ed.), Öğrenme-öğretme kuramları ve uygulamadaki yansımaları içinde (s. 855-900). Ankara: Pegem.

Elyousif, Y.A.K., & Abdelhamied, N. E. (2013). Assessing secondary school teachers' performance in developing habits of mind for the students. International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education. 2(2). 168-180. http://www.iijoe.org/v2/IIJOE_05_02_02_2013.pdf

Erkuş, A. (2012). Psikolojide ölçek ve ölçek geliştirme-I: Temel kavramlar ve işlemler (1. Baskı). Ankara: Pegem.

Geuens, M., & Pelsmacker, P. D. (2002). Validity and reliability of scores on the reduced emotional ıntensity scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62(2), 299- 315.

Goldenberg, P. (2009). Mathematical habits of mind and the language-learning brain: Algebra as a second language. Paper presented at an AMS-MAA-MER Special Session on Mathematics and Education Reform, Joint Mathematics Meetings, Washington, DC. Retrieved from


Goliff, E. (2005). Appropriate Strategies for Gifted Students Attending Title I Schools (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://gradworks.umi.com/33/30/3330357.html

Guenther. J, S. (1997). An examination of fifth grade students' consideration of habits of mind: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://las.sinica.edu.tw:1085/search~S0?/d0473/d++++0473/47%2C- 1%2C0%2CE/frameset&FF=d++++0525&809%2C%2C2237

Harrington, D. (2008). Confirmatory factor anaysis. Oxford University.

Klem, L. (2000). Structural equation modeling. In L. G. Grimm & P. R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding MORE multivariate statistics (227-260). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Kline, P. (1994). An easy guide to factor analysis. UKK Routledge.

Korkmaz, S. (2015). Examining the mathematical habits of mind in problem solving within the context of mathematics teachers and eighth grade students. (Master Thesis). https://tez.yok.gov.tr

Körükçü, E. (2015). The investigation of the improvement of elementary school students' mathematical habits of mind in the enriched learning environment. (PhD Thesis). https://tez.yok.gov.tr

Köse, Y., & Tanışlı, D. (2014). Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının geometrideki zihinsel alışkanlıkları. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 14(3), 1203-1230.

Lawshe, C. H. (1975). A quantitative approach to content validity. Personnel Psychology, 28, 563-575.

Lee, Y. S. (2007). Structural Eguation Modeling. London: J. Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Leikin, R. (2007). Habits of mind associated with advanced mathematical thinking and solution spaces of mathematical tasks. In the Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (pp. 2330-2339). Larnaca, Cyprus.

MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1, 130-149.

Merriam, B. (2013). Nitel araştırma (S.Turan, Çev.). Ankara: Nobel.

Osman, A. A. (2016). Effect of habits of mind program on the development of positive thinking and the level of learning basic soccer skills among students of the faculty of physical education. Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Science, Movement & Health, 16(2), 228-235. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&Content=site&au thtype=crawler&jrnl=2285777x&an=116807866&h=zuruvohd3txlyhwe9jvah4qpnb 3ı%2fyo19gr15jl3xgbm94qmudmhmc5lx9r5oqrbeand%2ffloxrıjpvxdvcpbkw%3d %3d&crl=c&resultns=adminwebauth&resultlocal=errcrlnotauth&crlhashurl=logi n.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26profile%3dehost%26Content%3dsite%26authtype%3 dcrawler%26jrnl%3d2285777x%26an%3d116807866

Özdamar, K. (2017). Ölçek ve test geliştirme yapısal eşitlik modellemesi. Eskişehir: Nisan.

Robinson, L. P. (2013). What works with secondary gifted learners: A qualitative case study of the curriculum and ınstructional approaches of the North Carolina Governor's school (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/handle/1840.16/8501

Schumacker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (2010). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.

Sümer, N. (2000). Yapısal Eşitlik Modelleri: Temel Kavramlar ve Örnek Uygulamalar. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları, 3(6), 49-74.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics. United States: Pearson Education.

Tıraşoğlu Begüm, N. (2013). Determination of mathematics teacher candidates' mathematics cognitive practices in the context of mathematical judgment. (Master Thesis). https://tez.yok.gov.tr

Vogt, W. P. (2005). Dictionary ofstatistics & methodology, A nontechnical guide for the social sciences. USA: Sage.

White, A., & Wood, C. (2009). St Margaret’s College, : A practical guide to implementing Costa and Kallick’s habits of mind into any educational institute. Paper presented at the 14th International Conference on Thinking, Malaysia.

Wilson, F. R., Pan. W., & Donald, A. S. (2012). Recalculation of the critical values for Lawshe’s content validity ratio. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 45(3), 197-2010.

Yurdagül, H. (2005). Use of validity indexes for Content validity in scale development studies. XIV. It was presented at the National Educational Sciences Congress. Denizli, Pamukkale University.

Yurdagül, H., & Bayrak, F. (2012). Ölçek geliştirme çalışmalarında kapsam geçerlik ölçüleri: Kapsam geçerlik indeksi ve Kappa istatistiğinin karşılaştırılması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 264-271.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Hasan Akdeniz, Gülay Ekici

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).