Mercy Igoki Samuel, Dinah Changwony


Parents in any family are faced with the responsibility of impacting good behaviour in their children with every parent having their own style of parenting. The intergenerational transmission of family practices, religious beliefs as well as the socio-economic support of parents for their children plays a significant role in moulding children. This paper is a result of a study conducted to investigate the influence of religion and socio-economic status of parents on their style of parenting to shape the behaviour of students in public secondary schools. The study utilized descriptive research design in collecting data from 60 public secondary schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The study targeted head-teachers, student counselors and students. The findings of the study established that parents pay for co-curricular activities at school and school fee on time. Students with more than recommended pocket money were rated as the ones with highest indiscipline. The study provides vital background knowledge to apply in the context of family therapy and to educate parents/guardians about the crucial role that they play consciously or unconsciously in shaping the behaviour of their children. The school arranged for parents/teachers and students’ meetings and recommends parents’ attendance once called upon.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



parenting styles, socio-economic status, religion, indiscipline, students, Nairobi City County

Full Text:



Albar, B. W., Carter, K. L. & Winster, W. (2009). The effects of maternal parenting style and religious commitment on self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behaviour among African- American parochial college students. Journal of adolescence, 32 (2009), 259–273.doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.03.008

Bornstein, M. H., & Bradley, R. H. (Eds.). (2012). Socioeconomic status, parenting, and child development. New York: Routledge.

Calzada, E. J., Brotman, L. M., Huang, K.-Y., Bat-Chava, Y., & Kingston, S. (2009). Parent cultural adaptation and child functioning in culturally diverse, urban families of preschoolers. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(4), 515-524.

Cleaver, H., Unell, I., & Aldgate, J. (2011). Children need parenting capacity: child abuse, Parental mental illness, learning disability, substance abuse, and domestic violence (2nded.). London: Publishing Information Solution Ltd.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, SAGE Publications, Inc; Third Edition.

Degotardi, S., Torr, J., & Cross, T. (2008). “He’s got a mind of his own”: The development of a framework for determining mothers’ beliefs about their infants’ minds. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 23, 259-271.

Dunst, C. J., Hamby, D. W., Raab, M. & Bruder, M. B. (2017). Family Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity, Acculturation and Enculturation, and Parent Beliefs about Child Behavior, Learning Methods, and Parenting Roles. Journal of Education and Culture Studies 1(2), 99-122.

Emery, R. E. (2011). Family relationships: Divorce, child custody and mediation (2nded.). New York: The Guilford Press.

Enoch, M. (2012).The influence of gene-environment interactions in the development of alcoholism and drug dependence. Current Psychology Reports, 14(2), 150-158. Retrieved from on January 21, 2013

Gratton, I., & Jones, C. (2010). Research methods for sports studies (2nded.). New York: Taylor and Francis Publications.

Koutakis, N. (2011). Preventing underage drinking alcohol through working with parents. Ineko: Orebro University Publication.

Sanne, G., & Vermeer, P. (2013). Understanding Religious Disaffiliation: Parental Values and Religious Transmission Over Two Generations of Dutch Parents. Journal of Empirical Theology 26(1), 45–62.

Shiron, J., September, E. G. R. & Nicolette, V. R. (2016). The role of parenting styles and socio-economic status in parents’ knowledge of child development. Early Child Development and Care, 186(7), 1060-1078, DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2015.1076399

Willingham, D. T. (2012). Ask the cognitive scientist: Why does family wealth affect learning? American Educator, 36(1), 33-39.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Mercy Igoki Samuel, Dinah Changwony

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2021. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).