Abdi Abdullahi Afey


Strategic planning has been used in schools in developed countries leading to school improvement. Strategic planning can help an organization to clarify future direction, to establish priorities, to diversify its products or services and to deal effectively with rapidly changing circumstances. The study was conducted in Garissa County and sought to find out issues that influence implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools in the County. Despite the evidence of the existence of strategic plans in most of the public secondary schools, the concern has been failure by institutions to implement them. The purpose of the study was to establish issues that influence implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools in Garissa County. The target population for the study were school principals, BoG members and teachers in public secondary schools in Garissa County. Stratified random sampling techniques and census methods were used at various stages of the research process. The study focused on independent variables such as leadership quality, resource allocation, stakeholder involvement, human resources capacity and school culture. The respondents were 22 school Principals, 22 Teachers and 25 BoG members. The instruments of the study were questionnaires in which both open and closed ended questionnaires were used. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) utilizing descriptive statistics such as frequency table and graphs. The study found that the implementation of strategic plans in schools is faced with a number of challenges that include lack of funds, political interference and to some extent, security. Of these challenges, lack of funds is the most prevalent. Further, most schools depend on school fees and government grants as the only source of revenue. The study therefore recommends that schools should diversify on their sources of finance so that they do not only rely on fees and government grants, but can also generate funds through other income generating activities.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



strategy implementation, strategic plans, strategy implementation key issues

Full Text:



Achoka, J. S., Odebero, S. O., Maiyo, J. K. & Mualuko, N. J. (2007). Access to Basic Education in Kenya. Inherent concerns. Educational Research and Review, 2 (10), 275-284.

Ansoff, H. (1979). Strategic Management. New York, John Wiley & Sons.

Barney, J. B. (2001b). Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten- retrospective on the resource-based view. Journal of Management, 27 (2001), 643-645.

Bourgeois, L. J. & Brodwin, D. R. (1984) Strategic Implementation: Five Approaches to an Elusive Phenomenon. Strategic Management Journal 5, 241-264.

Burns T, Stalker GM. (1961). The Management of Innovations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, H. A. (1985). Strategic planning in education: A guide for policymakers.

Eisenstat, R. (1993), “Implementing strategy: developing a partnership for change”, Planning Review, 21, 33-6.

Hofer, C. W. & Schendel, D. (1978). Strategy formulation: analytical concepts. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.

Knight, J. (1997). Strategic planning for School Managers, London, Sterling.

Kothari, C. (2007). Research Methodology: Methods and techniques. New Delhi: New age international publishers.

Kyengo, J. (20013). The effect of strategic response on revenue collection in Public organizations: Research project. Nairobi, Kenyatta University Publisher.

Mantel institute (1995). Educational Management handbook for head teachers. Bagamoyo, Princare limited.

Ministry of Education.(2005). Sessional paper No. 1 2005 on policy framework for education and training and research. Nairobi: Ministry of Education.

Mintzberg, H. & Quinn, J. B. (1996).The strategy process: Concepts, contexts, cases. Glasgow, Prentice Hall.

Okumbe, J. A. (1998). Educational management Theory and Practices. Nairobi, Nairobi University Press

Pearce, J. (2009). Strategic management: Formulation, Implementation, and Control, Boston: Mc Graw-Hill.

Mugenda, A & Mugenda, O.(1999). Research Methodology: Quantitative and qualitative Approaches. Nairobi, Africa centre of Technology

Saitoti, G. (2003). Education Sector Review: How far we come since independence and what still to be done to meet the educational needs of all Kenyans, Report of the National Conference on Education and Training held at the Kenyatta International conference Centre

Schein, E. H. (1985). How Culture form, Develop and Change. San Francisco, Josey-Ba 85

State of Victoria (2010). School Strategic Planning Guidelines for 2011. Melbourne: School Improvement Division

Steiner, G. (1979). Strategic planning. New York, Free Press.

United Nations (2006). "The Millennium Development Goals Report: 2006." United Nations Development Programme, (accessed August 12, 2015).

Sushila, B. (2004). Management and Evaluation of schools. Nairobi, Oxford.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Abdi Abdullahi Afey

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2021. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).