Maximilla Wakoli, Julius Maiyo, Alice Limo


This paper investigates how institutional staffing processes influence internal efficiency of public technical training institutions in the county of Bungoma, Kenya. The study was guided by resource dependence theory. The target population involved public TTIs tutors, principals of the TTIs and resource mobilisation officers in the four institutions located in the county of Bungoma; Sangalo Institute of Science and Technology, Kisiwa, Matili and Musakasa Technical Training Institutes. The study adopted mixed method research which was cross-sectional in nature. The data collection instruments involved use of questionnaires, interview schedules and document checklist. Qualitative data was transcribed and presented in verbatim with the use of content analysis method. Quantitative data analysis was done using descriptive (frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation) and inferential (Multiple Linear Regression) statistics. The results in Table 4.5 show that there exist a moderate positive relationship (r=0.473 and p=0.00) between institutional staffing capacity at the four public TTIs in Bungoma county. The relationship appears to be significant at 99% confidence level. The study recommends that there is need for public TTIs to consider collaborating with other institutions within and outside the country for benchmarking of staff exchange programmes that could be important in improving skills and knowledge among the staff.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Full Text:



Abdulkarem, A. Y., Fasasi, Y. A. & Akinnubi, O. P. (2011).Human Resource Utilisation and Internal Efficiency in State Owned Universities in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, (1), 29 – 37.

Abuel-Ealer, S (2012). Closing the Trained Teacher Gap; Global Campaigns for Education South Africa; Educational International.

Aduda, D. (2003). Technical training reeling under neglect. Daily Nation, 2 June 2003, 11.

Al-Dossary, S. A. (2008). Study of the Factors Affecting Study Retention at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia: Structural Equation Modeling and Qualitative Methods. University of Sterling, England.

Awuor, J. O. (2015). Financial Resource Mobilization Strategies and Internal Efficiency of Public Secondary Schools in Rachuonyo South Sub-County, Homabay County, Kenya. D.Phil Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Butare, A. (2004). Income-Generating Activities in Higher Education: The Case of Kigali Institute of Science, Technology and Management (KIST). JHEA/RESA, 2 (3), 37–53.

Esongo, M. N. (2017). Correlation between the Availability of Resources and Efficiency of the School System within the Framework of the Implementation of Competency-Based Teaching Approaches in Cameroon. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(2), 82-92.

Ferej, A., Kitainge, K. & Ooko, Z. (2012). Reform of TVET Teacher Education in Kenya: Overcoming the Challenges of Quality and Relevance. Working Document for Triennale on Education and Training in Africa (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, February 12-17.

Haramoto, Y. (2015).Challenges of TVET in Developing Countries with a Case Study of Korea’s Aid in Sudan. Kobe University, Japan.

Ithuta K. J. (2014). Determinants of Internal Efficiency in Public Primary Schools in Tigania East District, Kenya. MED Project, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Kamau, S. M. (2013). Challenges affecting the technical and vocational education training youth polytechnics in Kiambu County. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1 (5), 679-687.

Khamala, N. R. (2012). The impact of free primary education of internal efficiency in Londiani Division, Kipkelion District, Kenya. Master of Education Research project, Kenyatta University.

Kibet, S. K., Zhimin, L. & Chelagat R. (2013). A Study on the Sources of Resources and Capacity Building in Resource Mobilization: Case of Private Chartered Universities in Nakuru Town, Kenya. Journal of International Education and Leadership, 3 (2), 1-18.

Kitui, B. M. (2015). Factors Influencing Access to Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Bungoma East Sub-County, Kenya. MEd in Economics, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Mohaffyza M. M., Sukri, M. S. & Ahmad, A. (2015).The Need in Training and Retraining For TVET Teachers in Malaysia. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 51-57.

Muthima, P. W. (2015). Private Rates of Return to Investment in Technical Education: A Case of Manufacturing Industries in Thika, Kiambu County, Kenya. D. Phil Thesis, Kenyatta University, Kenya.

Odundo, P. A. & Rambo, C. M. (2013).Effect of School-Based Income Generating Activities on the Financial Performance of Public Secondary Schools in Kenya. Chinese Business Review, 12 (6), 375-394.

Pfeffer, G. & G. R. Salancik (1978). The external control of organisations: A resource dependence perspective. New York: Harper and Row.

Pitan, O. S. (2012).Analysis of Internal Efficiency in the Utilization of Human Resources in Selected Secondary Schools of Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 3(5), 748-752.

Republic of Kenya. (2005). Kenya education sector support programme 2005-2010: Delivery of quality education and training to all Kenyans. Nairobi: Government Printer.

Rahman, A. A., Kim, N. S. & Pei, N. T. (2015).Income Generation Activities among Academic Staffs at Malaysian Public Universities. International Education Studies, 8 (6), 194-203.

Sang, A. K., Muthaa, G. M. & Mbugua, Z. K. (2012).Challenges Facing Technical Training in Kenya. Creative Education, 3 (1), 109-113.

Sime, B. G. (2014). Sustaining Training Quality in Technical and Vocational Colleges of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5 (10), 342-347.

Woldu, P. F. (2017). School Principal’s Role in Facilitating Change in Teaching-Learning Process: Teachers’ Attitude. A Case Study on Five Junior Schools in Asmara, Eritrea. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(6), 134 – 142.

Yang K. (2014).Factors affecting internal efficiency of primary schools in Nuer zone of Gambella regional State. Masters Thesis, Jimma University, Ethiopia.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Maximilla Wakoli, Julius Maiyo, Alice Limo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).