THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN THE REPORTING OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE

Ibrahim S. Esin, Mustafa T. Sener, Onur B. Dursun, Esra O. Asikhasanoglu, Ismail Secer

Abstract


Identifying and reporting sexually abused children is one of the most important responsibilities of school counsellors. In this study, we aimed to determine the challenges of reporting child sexual abuse. We used a questionnaire form that was prepared by reviewing the literature about reporting sexual abuse. Participants were asked to state their level of knowledge of child sexual abuse, whether they had encountered such cases, whether they faced any challenges when notifying to authorities, and the possible solutions to problems encountered during this process. Of the school counsellors contacted, 40.9% of the participants stated that they encountered a claim of child sexual abuse at least once, but the majority of them (47.4%) could not report it to judicial authorities because of various reasons; such as being unsure whether the event was really happening, anticipating reactions towards them or school management, and fearing the school’s loss of reputation in the case of disclosure.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


school counsellors, child, sexual abuse, reporting

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akgül, E. (2015). Okul Öncesi Eğitim Kurumlarında Çalışan Personelin Cinsel İstismar Bildirim Durumları.

Alaggia, R., Collin-Vézina, D., & Lateef, R. (2019). Facilitators and barriers to child sexual abuse (CSA) disclosures: A research update (2000–2016). Trauma, Violence, Abuse, 20(2), 260-283.

Alvarez, K. M., Kenny, M. C., Donohue, B., & Carpin, K. M. (2004). Why are professionals failing to initiate mandated reports of child maltreatment, and are there any empirically based training programs to assist professionals in the reporting process? Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9(5), 563-578.

Baginsky, M. (2003). Newly qualified teachers and child protection: A survey of their views, training and experiences. Child Abuse Review, 12(2), 119-127.

Bahar, G., Savaş, H. A., & Bahar, A. (2009). Çocuk istismarı ve ihmali: bir gözden geçirme. Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi, 4(12), 51-65.

Barth, J., Bermetz, L., Heim, E., Trelle, S., & Tonia, T. (2013). The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Public Health, 58(3), 469-483. doi: 10.1007/s00038-012-0426-1

Behun, R. J., Cerrito, J. A., Delmonico, D. L., & Kolbert, J. B. (2019). The Influence of Personal and Professional Characteristics on School Counselors’ Recognition and Reporting of Child Sexual Abuse.

Bryant, J., & Milsom, A. (2005). Child Abuse Reporting by School Counselors. Professional School Counseling, 9(1), 63-71. doi: 10.5330/prsc.9.1.j244x1902344353h

Bryant, J. K. (2009). School counselors and child abuse reporting: A national survey. Professional School Counseling, 12(5), 2156759X0901200501.

Bryant, J. K., & Baldwin, P. A. (2010). School counsellors' perceptions of mandatory reporter training and mandatory reporting experiences. Child Abuse Review, 19(3), 172-186.

Code, C. (2004). Failure of public officer in notification of an offense. Article 278.

Crenshaw, W. B., Crenshaw, L. M., & Lichtenberg, J. W. (1995a). When educators confront child abuse: An analysis of the decision to report. Child abuse neglect, 19(9), 1095-1113.

Crenshaw, W. B., Crenshaw, L. M., & Lichtenberg, J. W. (1995b). When educators confront child abuse: An analysis of the decision to report. Child abuse & neglect, 19(9), 1095-1113.

Crosson-Tower, C. (2003). The role of educators in preventing and responding to child abuse and neglect.

Feng, J. Y., Wu, Y. W. B., Fetzer, S., & Chang, H. Y. (2012). Contextual Effects on Kindergarten Teachers’ Intention to Report Child Abuse. Journal of Community Psychology, 40(7), 886-890.

Fis, N. P., Arman, A., Kalaca, S., & Berkem, M. (2010). Psychiatric evaluation of sexual abuse cases: A clinical representative sample from Turkey. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(10), 1285-1290.

Goldman, J. D., & Grimbeek, P. (2015). Preservice teachers’ sources of information on mandatory reporting of child sexual abuse. Journal of child sexual abuse, 24(3), 238-258.

Goldman, J. D., & Padayachi, U. K. (2005). Child sexual abuse reporting behaviour by school counsellors and their need for further education. Health Education Journal, 64(4), 302-322.

Goldman, J. D. G., & Padayachi, U. K. (2002). School Counsellors’ Attitudes and Beliefs about Child Sexual Abuse. Journal of Family Studies, 8(1), 53-73. doi: 10.5172/jfs.8.1.53

Green, E. J. (2008). Reenvisioning Jungian analytical play therapy with child sexual assault survivors. International Journal of Play Therapy, 17(2), 102.

Hawkins, R., & McCallum, C. (2001). Effects of mandatory notification training on the tendency to report hypothetical cases of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse Review: Journal of the British Association for the Study Prevention of Child Abuse Neglect, 10(5), 301-322.

Herrmann, B., Banaschak, S., Csorba, R., Navratil, F., & Dettmeyer, R. (2014). Physical examination in child sexual abuse: Approaches and current evidence. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 111(41), 692.

Hu, M.-H., Huang, G.-S., Huang, J.-L., Wu, C.-T., Chao, A.-S., Lo, F.-S., & Wu, H.-P. (2018). Clinical characteristic and risk factors of recurrent sexual abuse and delayed reported sexual abuse in childhood. Medicine, 97(14).

Institute, T. S. (2018). Address Based Population Registration System. .

Kalichman, S. C. (1999). Mandated reporting of suspected child abuse: Ethics, law, & policy: American Psychological Association.

Kenny, M. C. (2001). Child abuse reporting: Teachers’ perceived deterrents. Child abuse & neglect, 25(1), 81-92.

Kenny, M. C., & McEachern, A. G. (2002). Reporting suspected child abuse: A pilot comparison of middle and high school counselors and principals. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 11(2), 59-75.

Knox, B. L., Starling, S. P., Feldman, K. W., Kellogg, N. D., Frasier, L. D., & Tiapula, S. L. (2014). Child torture as a form of child abuse. Journal of Child Adolescent Trauma, 7(1), 37-49.

Koca, M. (2012). Çocuk İstismarinda İhbar Yükümlülüğü. İnönü Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, 3(1), 113-128.

Lambie, G. W. (2005). Child abuse and neglect: A practical guide for professional school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 249-258.

Law, J. P. (2005). Law No : 5395 Article 3.

Lokeman, K. S. (2011). Trauma Training for School Counselors: How Well Do Programs Prepare? : Regent University.

London, K., Bruck, M., Ceci, S. J., & Shuman, D. W. (2005). Disclosure of child sexual abuse: What does the research tell us about the ways that children tell? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 11(1), 194.

Lusk, V. L., Zibulsky, J., & Viezel, K. (2015). Child maltreatment identification and reporting behavior of school psychologists. Psychology in the Schools, 52(1), 61-76.

Mathews, B. P. (2011). Teacher education to meet the challenges of child sexual abuse. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 36(11), 13-32.

Mathews, B. P. (2019). Mandatory reporting laws and child sexual abuse.

McRae, R. A. (2016). Child Abuse: Signs, Symtomps, and The Role of The School Counselor. Paper. Master of Science Degree in Counselor Education Winona State University Spring

Meinck, F., Cluver, L. D., & Boyes, M. E. (2017). Longitudinal predictors of child sexual abuse in a large community-based sample of South African youth. Journal of interpersonal violence, 32(18), 2804-2836.

O’Toole, R., Webster, S. W., O’Toole, A. W., & Lucal, B. (1999). Teachers’ recognition and reporting of child abuse: A factorial survey. Child abuse & neglect, 23(11), 1083-1101.

Organization, W. H. (2003). Guidelines for medico-legal care of victims of sexual violence.

Remley, T. P., & Herlihy, B. (2007). Ethical, legal, and professional issues in counseling: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Remley, T. P., & Herlihy, B. (2014). Ethical, legal, and professional issues in counseling: Pearson Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Sikes, A., Remley Jr, T. P., & Hays, D. G. (2010). Experiences of School Counselors during and after Making Suspected Child Abuse Reports. Journal of School Counseling, 8(21), n21.

Sivis-Cetinkaya, R. (2015a). Ethical dilemmas of Turkish counsellors: a critical incidents study. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 43(4), 476-491. doi: 10.1080/03069885.2014.987726

Sivis-Cetinkaya, R. (2015b). Turkish School Counselors’ Experiences of Reporting Child Sexual Abuse: A Brief Report. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 24(8), 908-921. doi: 10.1080/10538712.2015.1084072

Tillman, K. S., Prazak, M. D., Burrier, L., Miller, S., Benezra, M., & Lynch, L. (2015). Factors influencing school counselors’ suspecting and reporting of childhood physical abuse: Investigating child, parent, school, and abuse characteristics. Professional School Counseling, 19(1), 1096-2409-1019.1091. 1103.

Tugay, D. (2008). Öğretmenlerin çocuk istismarı ve ihmaline yönelik farkındalık düzeyleri. Yayınlanmamış Marmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans tezi.

Ullman, S. E. (2007). Relationship to perpetrator, disclosure, social reactions, and PTSD symptoms in child sexual abuse survivors. Journal of child sexual abuse, 16(1), 19-36.

Walsh, K., Mathews, B., Rassafiani, M., Farrell, A., & Butler, D. (2012). Understanding teachers' reporting of child sexual abuse: Measurement methods matter. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(9), 1937-1946.

Zollner, H., Fuchs, K. A., & Fegert, J. M. (2014). Prevention of sexual abuse: improved information is crucial. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 8(1), 5.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.2804

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ibrahim S. Esin, Mustafa T. Sener, Onur B. Dursun, Esra O. Asikhasanoglu, Ismail Secer

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).