RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRINCIPALS’ TRANSFORMATIONAL AND DIRECTIVE ETHICAL LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR AND TEACHERS’ JOB RELATED STRESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Eunice C. Osunka, Glad O. Unachukwu

Abstract


The study investigated the relationship between teachers’ rating of principals’ transformational and directive ethical leadership behaviours and teachers’ job-related stress in secondary schools in Enugu State. Two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested. The study utilized the correlation research design. The population of the study was 9764 teachers from the 330 public secondary schools in the state. A sample size of 1,380 teachers was used for the study. This was drawn from 66 out of the 330 secondary schools in the six education zones in Enugu State using the multistage sampling procedure which involved simple random sampling techniques. Data were collected using two questionnaires entitled “Principals’ Transformational and Directive Ethical Leadership Behaviour Questionnaire (PTDELBQ)” and “Teachers’ Stress Inventory – Revised (TSI). The instruments were validated by three experts. The internal consistency of the instruments was ascertained using Cronbach Alpha. This yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.81 and 0.86 for PTDELBQ and TSI respectively. Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to answer the research questions and to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that there is a low negative relationship between teachers’ rating of principals’ transformational ethical leadership behaviour and teachers’ job-related stress, and between teachers’ rating of principals’ directive ethical behaviour and teachers’ job-related stress. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that teacher training programmes should include training for teachers in the art of stress management and prevention as a requirement for certification in the teaching profession.

 

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principal, ethics, leadership behaviour, job stress

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.2900

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