THE GREEK UNIVERSITY STUDENT’S SOCIAL CAPITAL DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Panagiotis Giavrimis, Souzanna-Maria Nikolaou

Abstract


The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on people’s social interaction and has brought about changes in key social institutions, such as education or economy. The individuals’ social capital in a context, characterized by the limitation of their social activities, social distancing, minimization of face-to-face communication, is considered a very important and necessary element for social inclusion. This paper examines the university students’ social capital during the pandemic period. The research followed the quantitative design and the sample of the research consisted of 260 university students. The results of the research showed that in the spatiotemporal context of a society affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, high social capital can create the proper conditions for positive social relations and student interactions. Cognitive development does not seem to differ from social capital.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


social capital, university students, COVID-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbasi, S., Ayoob, T., Malik, A., & Memon, S. I. (2020). Perceptions of students regarding E-learning during Covid-19 at a private medical college. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36 (COVID19-S4). http://pjms.org.pk/index.php/pjms/article/download/2766/561.

Adolph, C., Amano, K., Bang-Jensen, B., Fullman, N., & Wilkerson, J. (2020). Pandemic politics: Timing state-level social distancing responses to COVID-19. medRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.30.20046326

Algan, Y., Cahuc, P., & Shleifer, A. (2013). Teaching practices and social capital. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 5(3), 189-210.

Almeida, D. J., Byrne, A. M., Smith, R. M., & Ruiz, S. (2019). How relevant is grit? The importance of social capital in first-generation college students’ academic success. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice. https://doi.org/10.1177/1521025119854688

Backhaus, I., Varela, A. R., Khoo, S., Siefken, K., Crozier, A., Begotaraj, E., Fischer, F. Wiehn, J., Lanning, B., Lin, PH, Jang, S., Zaranza Monteiro, L., Al-Shamli, A. La Torre, G. & Kawachi2, I. (2020). Associations between social capital and depressive symptoms among college students in 12 countries: results of a cross-national study. Frontiers in psychology, 11(644), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00644

Bai, J., Jin, W. & Wan, C. (2020). The Impact of Social Capital on Individual Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Social Distancing. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3609001

Bapna, R., Gupta, A., Rice, S., & Sundararajan, A. (2017). Trust and the Strength of Ties in Online Social Networks: An Exploratory Field Experiment. Mis Quarterly, 41(1), 115-130.

Bourdieu, P. (1986) The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.) Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education (pp. 241-258). New York, Greenwood.

Bourdieu, P. (2001). Forms of Capital. In M. Granovetter & R. Swedberg (Eds). The Sociology of Economic Life (pp. 96-11). Westview Press, Boulder.

Bullen, P. & Onyx J. (2005). Measuring social capital in five communities in NSW a practitioner’s guide, Centre for Australian Community Organisations and Management (CACOM, University of Technology, Sydney Australia, Management Alternatives Pty Ltd)

Bullen, P. & Onyx, J. (1998). Measuring Social Capital in Five Communities in NSW. http://www.mapl.com.au/a2.htm

Bye, L. A., Muller, F., & Oprescu, F. (2019). The impact of social capital on student wellbeing and university life satisfaction: a semester-long repeated measures study. Higher Education Research & Development, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2019.1705253

Casero-Ripolles, A. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on the Media System. Communicative and Democratic Consequences of News Consumption during the Outbreak El profesional de la información, 29(2), e290223. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.23.

Coburn, C. E., & Russell, J. L. (2008). District policy and teachers’ social networks. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 30(3), 203-235

Cole, R. P., & Weinbaum, E. H. (2007). Chain reaction: How teacher communication networks change individual attitudes about reform. In annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Coleman, J. (1988). Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-120.

Demuyakor, J. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Online Learning in Higher Institutions of Education: A Survey of the Perceptions of Ghanaian International Students in China. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 10(3), e202018. https://www.ojcmt.net/download/coronavirus-covid-19-and-online-learning-in-higher-institutions-of-education-a-survey-of-the-8286.pdf

Doll, B., Zucker, S., & Brehm, K. (2009). School classes that promote mental resilience (Ed. Hatzichristou, Trans E. Theocharakis). Athens: Typothito.

Dusek, G. A., Yurova, Y. V., & Ruppel, C. P. (2015). Using social media and targeted snowball sampling to survey a hard-to-reach population: A case study. International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 10, 279-299.

Ferrel, M. N., & Ryan, J. J. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on medical education. Cureus, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7492

Filiposka, S., Gajduk, A., Dimitrova, T., & Kocarev, L. (2017). Bridging online and offline social networks: Multiplex analysis. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 471, 825-836.

Forsyth, P. B., & Adams, C. M. (2004). Social capital in education. Taking stock of concept and measure. In W. K. Hoy & C. G. Miskel (Eds.), Educational administration, policy, and reform: Research and Measurement (pp. 251-278). Greenwich: Information Age.

Fukuyama, F. (1995). Social capital and the global economy. Foreign Affairs, 74(5), 89-103.

Fukuyama, F. (2001). Social capital, civil society and development. Third world quarterly, 22(1), 7-20.

Government Gazette B '708 / 05-03-2020: Decision of the Ministers of Education and Religions - Health No. Δ1a / Γ.Π.oik. 15534 of 5 / 5.3.2020. Imposition of the measure of temporary prohibition of operation of all kinds of structures of the University of Crete, located in Rethymno, for the period from 5.3.2020 to 6.3.2020

Government Gazette B΄ 783 - 10.03.2020: Decision of the Ministers of Development and Investment - Protection of the Citizen - Education and Religions - Labor and Social Affairs - Health - Culture and Sports - Interior No. Δ1a / ΓΠ.oik. 16838 of 10 / 10.3.2020. Imposition of a temporary prohibition of the operation of kindergartens, schools, higher education institutions, foreign language centers, tuition centers and all kinds of educational structures, institutions of the country, public and private, of any type and degree, for the period from 11.3.2020 to 24.3.2020.

Government Gazette Β΄1935 / /20.5.2020) Ministerial Decision. Regulations on the educational process of the first and second cycle study programs, the conduct of clinical and laboratory exercises, the internship of students and the conduct of examinations during the spring semester of the academic year 2019-2020

Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (2020). The difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning. Educause Review, 27. https://medicine.hofstra.edu/pdf/faculty/facdev/facdev-article.pdf

Karpov, A. O. (2017). Education for knowledge society: Learning and scientific innovation environment. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 8(3), 201-214.

Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B. P., Lochner, K., & Prothrow-Stith, D. (1997). Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. American journal of public health, 87(9), 1491-1498.

Kent, C., Rechavi, A., & Rafaeli, S. (2019). The Relationship Between Offline Social Capital and Online Learning Interactions. International Journal of Communication, 13, 1186-1211.

Koutra, K., Roy, A. W., & Kokaliari, E. D. (2020). The effect of social capital on non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviors among college students in Greece during the current economic crisis. International Social Work, 63(1), 100-112.

Lampiri-Dimaki I. (2002). Sociology in Greece today. Athens: Papazisis.

Mac Gillivray, A. (2002). What’s Trust Worth?. London: New Economics Foundation.

Mato, M., & Tsukasaki, K. (2019). Factors promoting sense of coherence among university students in urban areas of Japan: individual-level social capital, self-efficacy, and mental health. Global health promotion, 26(1), 60-68.

Miles, M. & Huberman, A.M. (1984). Qualitative data analysis. London: Sage.

Mishra, S. (2020). Social networks, social capital, social support and academic success in higher education: A systematic review with a special focus on underrepresented’ students. Educational Research Review, 29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2019.100307.

Moolenaar, N. M., Daly, A. J., & Sleegers, P. (2009). Ties with potential: social network structure and innovation in Dutch elementary schools. European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI), Amsterdam, August, 25-29.

National Statistics, (2001). Social Capital. A review of the literature, social analysis and reporting division. Office for national Statistics.

Neborsky, E. V., Boguslavsky, M. V., Ladyzhets, N. S., & Naumova, T. A. (2020, May). Digital Transformation of Higher Education: International Trends. In International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects”(DETP 2020) (pp. 398-403). Atlantis Press.

Nwanmereni, D. N, (2020) Global Coronavirus Pandemic and the Improvised Online Lectures Perspectives in Select Universities in South-South, Nigeria. SSHO-D-20-00304. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3596052.

Parks, V. (2020). The Critical Role of Social Capital During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons from Disaster Research. https://egrove.olemiss.edu/population_brief/2/

Peng, M. Y. P. (2019). Testing the mediating role of student learning outcomes in the relationship among students’ social capital, international mindsets, and employability. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 28(3), 229-237.

Portes, A. (1998). Social Capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1-24.

Poupou, H. (2010). Social capital in Greece. Report 61. Athens: Center for Planning and Economic Research. https://www.kepe.gr/images/ektheseis/report_61.pdf.

Putnam, R. D. , Leonardi, R. & Nanetti, R.Y. (1993), Making Democracy Work: Civic traditions in modern Italy. NJ: Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Putnamμ R. D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The collapse and revival of American community. N. York: Touchstone.

Ragnedda, M., & Muschert, G. W. (Eds.). (2013). The digital divide: The Internet and social inequality in international perspective. Routledge.

Ruston D. & Akinrodoye L. (2002). Social Capital Question Bank. United Kingdom: Office of National Statistics, Social. Analysis and Reporting Division.

Sarracino, F., & Mikucka, M. (2017). Social capital in Europe from 1990 to 2012: Trends and convergence. Social Indicators Research, 131(1), 407-432.

Sotiropoulos, D. (2006). Positive and negative capital and unequal development of civil society in Southeast Europe. Science and Society, 16, 139-161.

Tsounis, A. & Sarafis, P. (2016). Social Capital: An Attempt to Conceptual Limitation of the Term. To Vima ton Koinonikon Epistimon, IZ(66), 141-171.

Villalonga-Olives, E., & Kawachi, I. (2017). The dark side of social capital: A systematic review of the negative health effects of social capital. Social Science & Medicine, 194, 105-127.

Viner, R. M., Russell, S. J., Croker, H., Packer, J., Ward, J., Stansfield, C., Mytton, O., Bonell, C. & Booy, R. (2020). School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4, 397-404.

Vosoughi, S., Roy, D., & Aral, S. (2018). The spread of true and false news online. Science, 359(6380), 146–1151.

Weidman, J. C. (2006). Socialization of Students in Higher Education: Organizational Perspectives. In C. C. Conrad, & R. C. Serlin (Eds.), The Sage Handbook for Research in Education: Engaging Ideas and Enriching Inquiry (pp. 253-262). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Xiao, H., Zhang, Y., Kong, D., Li, S., & Yang, N. (2020). Social capital and sleep quality in individuals who self-isolated for 14 days during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in January 2020 in China. Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research, 26, e923921-1. http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.923921.

Yoon, S. A., Yom, J. K., Yang, Z., & Liu, L. (2017). The Effects of Teachers' Social and Human Capital on Urban Science Reform Initiatives: Considerations for Professional Development. Teachers College Record, 119(4), n4. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1119448.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v7i8.3175

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Panagiotis Giavrimis, Souzanna-Maria Nikolaou

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).