THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PSYCHO-EDUCATION PROGRAM AIMED AT PREVENTING SMOKING ADDICTION ON THE BASIS OF MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEW / DIE WIRKSAMKEIT DES PSYCHO-EDUCATION-PROGRAMMS ZUR VERHINDERUNG VON RAUCHABHÄNGIGKEIT AUF DER GRUNDLAGE VON MOTIVATIONSINTERVIEWS

Abdullah Nuri Dicle

Abstract


The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview prepared in terms of preventing smoking addictions of university students through group experience and in the light of literature. From this point of view, an answer was sought to the question “Does the Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview affect the smoking addiction levels of students studying at the university?” Two hypotheses were formed in order to seek an answer to this question. Hypotheses: The Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview, affects the smoking addiction levels of cigarette addict university students who participate in the program (experimental group) compared to the cigarette addict university students who do not participate in this program significantly in favor of the experimental group joining the psycho-education program. Regarding the smoking addiction levels of university students who joined the Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) post-test total scores are significantly higher than their Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) pre-test total scores. The study was prepared in quasi-experimental design based on pretest-posttest application with the experimental and control group. The experimental group of 14 people and the control group of 14 people were included in the study. Pre-test was applied to both groups before the training. After the pre-test, the experimental group was applied “Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview” consisting of 10 sessions. After the training, both groups were applied post-test. In the research, the Personal Information Form prepared by the researcher and Nicotine Addiction Scale, developed by Fagerström (1989) and the validity and reliability studies of which were performed by Uysal et al. (2004) was used. As a result of data analysis, no significant difference was found between the experimental group and the control group in terms of the pre-test scores. When the scores of the post-test, applied after the Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview, consisting of 10 sessions were examined, the experimental group was found to be different significantly compared to the control group. The data obtained were evaluated in the light of the literature and Psycho-Education Program aimed at Preventing Smoking Addiction on the basis of Motivational Interview was found to be effective on the decrease of the smoking addiction levels of smoking addict university students. It was suggested that a monitoring measurement at 3-6 month intervals could be made, a placebo group could also be formed in a new study to be conducted, the psychological counselling and guidance service personnel of the school could implement psycho-education programs on different levels and groups regarding smoking addiction in order to test the effectiveness of the program. In addition, the effectiveness of the program could be tested on different individuals and study groups.

Diese Studie zielt darauf ab, die Rauchsucht mithilfe des Gruppenlebens im Rahmen des Programms zur Verhinderung der Rauchsucht zu verhindern, das auf einem vom Forscher für zigarettensüchtige Studenten, die an der Universität studieren, erstellten Psycho-Education-Programm für Motivationsinterviews basiert. Die Studiengruppe bestand aus der Versuchsgruppe bestehend aus 14 freiwilligen und zigarettensüchtigen Studenten und der Kontrollgruppe bestehend aus 14 freiwilligen und zigarettensüchtigen Studenten. Die Studie besteht aus einem semi-experimentellen Muster mit Anwendung vor und nach dem Test. Sowohl das vom Forscher erstellte Formular für persönliche Informationen als auch der Fagerström-Nikotinsuchttest (FNBT), der von Uysal, Kadakal, Karşıdağ, Bayram, Uysal und Yılmaz (2004) ins Türkische angepasst wurde, wurden als Vortest auf die gesamte Studiengruppe angewendet. Anschließend wurde mit der Versuchsgruppe ein 10-tägiges "Psycho-Education-Programm zur Verhinderung von Rauchabhängigkeit auf der Grundlage von Motivationsinterviews" durchgeführt. Die Kontrollgruppe war in keiner Anwendung enthalten. Nachdem das Psycho Education-Programm auf die Versuchsgruppe angewendet wurde, wurde der Fagerström-Nikotinabhängigkeitstest (FNBT) sowohl auf die Versuchsgruppe als auch auf die Kontrollgruppe angewendet, um festzustellen, ob das Psycho Education-Programm einen Unterschied machte. Es wurde festgestellt, dass die Prävention der Rauchsucht auf der Grundlage eines Motivationsinterview-Psycho-Education-Programms die Rauchsucht von Studenten mit Zigarettenabhängigkeit wirksam senkt / senkt. Die erhaltenen Ergebnisse wurden mit Unterstützung der Literatur diskutiert. In Übereinstimmung mit den Ergebnissen der Studie wurden folgende Vorschläge gemacht: Um die Wirksamkeit des Programms zu testen, kann in Abständen von 3 und 6 Monaten eine Folgemessung an der Versuchsgruppe durchgeführt werden. Die Placebogruppe kann auch in neuen Studien hinzugefügt werden. Schulpsychologen können psychoedukative Programme auf verschiedenen Ebenen und Gruppen anwenden. Die Wirksamkeit des Programms kann an Personen unterschiedlichen Alters und unterschiedlicher Arbeitsgruppen getestet werden.

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Keywords


smoking addiction, motivational interview, university student, training program, addiction / Rauchsucht, Motivationsinterview, Student, Bildungsprogramm, Sucht

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v7i10.3305

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