Baraka Israel


The efforts towards anti-corruption in public funded projects have been more emphasized, however; the challenge still persists. About 20%-30% of procurement project value lost through corruption. Scholars and policy makers regard ethical training and education as one of the solid steps towards anti-corruption in public funded projects. This study examined and validated the role of ethical training and education [contents, sources, nature, and scope] towards anti-corruption in public procurement, with focus in selected Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania. The study adopted descriptive research design and purposive sampling to collect data from 114 respondents. Data were collected using survey and interview methods, and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found that, once effectively streamlined, ethical training and education play a significant role in upholding a sense of anti-corruption in public procurement (p < α). However, the contents, nature and scope of ethical training and education were found less effective in curbing corrupt practices in public funded projects. The study recommends to the training bodies and procuring entities to review and restructure the contents, scope and nature of ethical training and education, make it mandatory to all procurement practitioners, designed with focus to impart knowledge on the consequences of corruption to the public and to the government at large.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


ethical training, education, procurement, corruption, LGAs, Tanzania

Full Text:



African Development Bank (2014). Fraud and corruption in public procurement: Comprehensive review of the AFDB’S procurement policies and procedures. Tunis, Tunisia: African Development Bank.

Araújo, M., Borges, C., Alencar, L. H., and de Miranda Mota, C. M. (2017). Project procurement management: A structured literature review. International Journal of Project Management, 35(3), 353–377.

Balsevich, A. and Podkolzina, E. (2014). Indicators of corruption in public procurement: The example of Russian regions: Basic research program working papers. Retrieved from https://wp.hse.ru/data/2014/11/25/1101707690/76EC2014.pdf visited on 20/02/2018.

EACC (2015). An evaluation of corruption in public procurement: A Kenyan experience. Research and transformation department. Nairobi, Kenya: Research and Transformation Department.

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency Theory: An Assessment and Review. Academy of Management Review, 14(1), pp.57-74.

European Commission (2014). Report from the commission to the council and the European parliament - EU Anti-Corruption Report. Brussels, Belgium: European Commission.

Israel, B., Mchopa, A., Mwaiseje, S., & Mashene, A. (2019). Ethical Procurement Practices and Performance of Public Procuring Entities in Tanzania: Empirical Evidences from Moshi District Council. Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS), 4(2): 39-47

Lysons, K. and Farringtons, B. (2016). Procurement and supply chain management, 7th edition. London: Prentice Hall.

Mainga, J. F. (2012). Factors influencing adoption of ethical behaviour in selected public organisations in Nairobi. A dissertation for the award of master degree at Nairobi University: Nairobi, Kenya.

Kauppi, K., and Erik, V. R. (2015). Opportunism and honest incompetence—seeking explanations for noncompliance in public procurement. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 25(3), 953–979.

Kornevs, M., Kringos, N., & Meijer, S. (2016). Perspectives of stakeholders on road procurements: In search of procurement aspects using Q methodology. In CESUN 2016 Conference, 1-8.

Mazigo, D. (2014). Causes of Corruption in Construction Public Procurement in Tanzania. A dissertation for the award of master degree at Mzumbe University: Tanzania.

Msanya, B. D. (2015). The effects of corruption on the economic development in Tanzania case. A dissertation for the award of master degree at Universitat Jaume: Castellón, Spain.

Mugenda, O. M. and Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Nairobi, Kenya: African Centre for Technology Studies.

Nyambariga, M. D. (2016). Causes of corruption in the public procurement process in Kenya: A case study of the ministry of devolution and planning. A dissertation for the award of master degree at Nairobi University: Nairobi, Kenya.

OECD (2019). Preventing Corruption in Public Procurement: OECD working Paper. Retrieved from [http://www.oecd.org/gov/ethics/Corruption-in-Public- Procurement- Brochure.pdf] site visited on 28/02/2020.

Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (2013). Historical Background. Retrieved from [http://www.pccb.go.tz/index.php/about-pccb/historical- background] site visited on 01/03/2013.

Transparency International, (2017). Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. Retrieved from [http://www.transparency.org/cpi2017/results] site visited on 01/03/2018.

URT (2011). Public Procurement Act (As amended in 2016). Public Procurement Regulatory Authority: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

URT (2019). Annual performance evaluation report for financial year 2018/19. Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: Public Procurement Regulatory Authority.

URT (2019). The annual general report of the controller and Auditor general on the financial statements for the year ended 30th, June 2016, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: National Audit Office.

World Bank (2014). Procurement guidelines for goods, works, and non- consulting services under IBRD loans and IDA credits and grants by World Bank borrowers. Washington, DC. World Bank.

World Bank (2016). Procurement report in investment project financing Goods, Works, Non consulting and Consulting Services. Washington, DC: World Bank.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i1.3509


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Baraka Israel

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).