Nur Maslikhatun Nisak, Moch. Bahak Udin By Arifin, Eni Fariyatul Fahyuni, Isnaini Maulida Rahmawati


Comic formatted fiqh textbook as a media of learning has an essential role in building students' understanding to live up to and practice the Islamic teaching, which will become the basis of worship in their life. The purpose of this study is to develop a comic formatted fiqh textbook for Islamic elementary school. The study method used Research and Development (R&D) model Walter Dick and Lou Carey. Participants involved in this study were grade 1 Islamic elementary school at MI Darussalam Candi Sidoarjo, Indonesia. The study results on the development of comic formatted fiqh textbooks are valid, based on 90% content expert validation, 91.67% design expert validation, 100% individual trial results, 94% small group trial results, and group trial results in large reached 96.81%. The t-test analysis results with a significance level of 0.05 showed that the p-value t-test was 0.00, which means (<0.05). It showed that the comic formatted fiqh textbook could significantly influence and effectively improve Islamic elementary student learning outcomes.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


innovation of fiqh textbook, comic book, the elementary student

Full Text:



Ajayi‐Dopemu, Y. (1990). The Effect of Colour on Students' Cognitive Achievement in Video Instructions. Educational Media International, 27(2), 64–69.

Aown, N. M. (2011). A place for informal learning in teaching about religion: The story of an experienced non-Muslim teacher and her learning about Islam. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27(8), 1255–1264.

Arifin, M. B. U. B., & Fitria, K. L. (2017). The Implementation of Islamic Character Through Developing Material of Indonesian Language in 3rd Grade of Islamic Elementary School. Madrosatuna: Journal of Islamic Elementary School, 1(1), 23.

Arifin, M. B. U. B., Nurdyansyah, Rindaningsih, I., & Fauji, I. (2019). Teaching media of fiqh magazine model to improve prayer understanding in primary school students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(8), 1820–1825.

Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ashaari, M. F., Ismail, Z., Puteh, A., Samsudin, M. A., Ismail, M., Kawangit, R., … Ramzi, M. I. (2012). An Assessment of Teaching and Learning Methodology in Islamic Studies. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 618–626.

Baars, M., van Gog, T., de Bruin, A., & Paas, F. (2018). Accuracy of primary school children's immediate and delayed judgments of learning about problem-solving tasks. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 58, 51–59.

Bayona, J. A., & Castañeda, D. I. (2017). Influence of personality and motivation on case method teaching. The International Journal of Management Education, 15(3), 409–428.

Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. (1983). Educational Research an Introduction. New York: Longman Publisher.

Carvalho, G. S., Jourdan, D., Gonçalves, A., Dantas, C., & Berger, D. (2009). Addictive substances: textbook approaches from 16 countries. Journal of Biological Education, 44(1), 26–30.

Chang, R. I., & Su, C. Y. (2015). Color gradient vectorization for SVG compression of comic image. Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, 33, 235–246.

Cimermanová, I. (2015). Using Comics with Novice EFL Readers to Develop Reading Literacy. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2452–2459.

Falkner, A. (2018). Racialized space and discourse in the picture books of Ezra Jack Keats. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 42(2), 171–184.

Gerde, V. W., & Foster, R. S. (2007). X-Men Ethics: Using Comic Books to Teach Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 77(3), 245–258.

Gonen, M., Aydos, E. H., & Erturk, H. G. (2012). Social Skills in Pictured Story Books. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 5280–5284.

Hosler, J., & Boomer, K. B. (2011). Are Comic Books an Effective Way to Engage Nonmajors in Learning and Appreciating Science? 1. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 10(3), 309–317.

Mamaghani, E. A., Rahmani, A., Hassankhani, H., Zamanzadeh, V., Campbell, S., Fast, O., & Irajpour, A. (2018). Experiences of Iranian Nursing Students Regarding Their Clinical Learning Environment. Asian Nursing Research, 12(3), 216–222.

Moosa, E., & Mian, A. A. (2012). Islam. In Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (Second Edition) (pp. 769–776).

Nordskogen, K., & Sterten, J. (2016). Case Study: Development of Social Relations for Management, Learning and Creation of Social Learning Models. Procedia CIRP, 54, 164–169.

Nurdyansyah, N., & Arifin, M. B. U. B. (2018). Integration of Islamic Values in Elementary School. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Intellectuals' Global Responsibility (ICIGR 2017). Paris, France: Atlantis Press.

Owen, L. H., Kennedy, O. B., Hill, C., & Houston-Price, C. (2018). Peas, please! Food familiarization through picture books helps parents introduce vegetables into preschoolers' diets. Appetite, 128, 32–43.

Pawlowska, D. K., Westerman, J. W., Bergman, S. M., & Huelsman, T. J. (2014). Student personality, classroom environment, and student outcomes: A person–environment fit analysis. Learning and Individual Differences, 36, 180–193.

Rapp, A., Ogilvie, J., & Bachrach, D. G. (2015). Sales leadership icons and models: How comic book superheroes would make great sales leaders. Business Horizons, 58(3), 261–274.

Salaymeh, L. (2015). Islamic Law. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition) (pp. 746–753).

Schmidt, M., & Tawfik, A. A. (2017). Using Analytics to Transform a Problem-Based Case Library: An Educational Design Research Approach. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 12(1).

Tatalovic, M. (2009). Science comics as tools for science education and communication: a brief, exploratory study. Journal of Science Communication, 08(04), A02.

Ulger, K. (2018). The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on the Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Disposition of Students in Visual Arts Education. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 12(1).

Winterbottom, M., & Wilkins, A. (2009). Lighting and discomfort in the classroom. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(1), 63–75.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Maslikhatun Nisak, Moch. Bahak Udin By Arifin, Eni Fariyatul Fahyuni, Isnaini Maulida Rahmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).