Ruel F. Ancheta, Deny Daniel, Reshma Ahmad


Student attendance is one of the issues that most teachers in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) is facing today. Many colleges and universities have compulsory attendance policies while others have refrain from making it as such. Despite the different policies, higher education teachers believe that attendance has positive effect in academic performance. Non-attendance in class lecture is seen as one of the reasons for academic failure. This study aimed to find out the relationship between class attendance and academic performance of the L3 Omani undergraduate students in their English courses during the first semester of 2020-2021. The two English Language courses comprise 20 credit each to gauge students’ English proficiency, at least IELTS 6.0, as a general entry requirement to Level 4 of the undergraduate programme. The two courses are taught separately through lectures, seminar type and practical sessions based on the module descriptors prescribed by the affiliate university. Each module is delivered in two hours and fifteen minutes per week. Thus, it is expected that each student has to attend the teaching sessions for 11 weeks with a total of 24 hours complete attendance in one semester. Result revealed that almost 71% of the L3 Omani undergraduate students had accumulated poor attendance which is below the 70% required attendance as per the attendance policy of the college. The average absence of students in the two English modules is identical with a minimum of five absences in a semester. Further, the result revealed that there is a significant relationship in the class attendance on the student performance in the two English modules at 0.01 level of significance. Therefore, the null hypothesis “There is no significant relationship between students’ class attendance and academic performance”, is rejected. The mark and absence of the students have negative inverse correlation. It means that as the absence of the student increases, the mark also decreases of at least 1 mark. It is concluded that students’ class attendance is very critical in terms of learning as it affects students’ achievement. To address the issue, a holistic approach to engage students both within and outside the classroom is recommended.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


attendance, academic performance, effects, learning outcomes.

Full Text:



AbuRuz, M. (2015). Does Excessive Absence From Class Lead to Lower Levels of Academic Achievement?, European Scientific Journal, Vol 11, No. 7

Adegoke, B. O., Salako, R. J., & Ayind, L. A. (2013). Impact of attendance on students‘ performance in ICT related courses: Faculty of engineering, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(16), 95-98.

Allen, W. (2016). Class Attendance, Available [Online] at www.courses.lumen.com, Date Accessed, 16 March 2021.

Attendance Initiatives, Theory of Action, Buffalo Public Schools (NY), Available online at www.buffaloschools.org, Date Accessed 10 March 2021.

Adegoke, B. O., Salako, R. J., & Ayind, L. A. (2013). Impact of attendance on students’ performance in ICT related courses: Faculty of engineering, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(16), 95-98.

Arulampalam, W., Naylor, R. A., & Smith, J. (2012). Am I missing something? The effects of absence from class on student performance, Economics of Education Review, 31, 363- 375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2011.12.002.

Andrietti V. (2014). Does lecture attendance affect academic performance? Panel data evidence for introductory macroeconomics. International Review of Economics Education 15: 1–16.

Andrietti V. and Velasco C. (2015). Lecture attendance, study time, and academic Performance: A panel data study, The Journal of Economic Education 46(3): 239–259.

Balfanz, R., and Byrnes, V. (2012). The Importance of Being in School: A Report on Absenteeism in the Nation’s Public Schools. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Center for Social Organization of Schools. Retrieved August 19, 2016, from http://new.every1graduates.org/the-importance-of-being-in-school/

Chilwant K. S. (2013). Effect of Class Attendance on Performance in Examination in Second Year Medical Students. Journal of Research &Method in Education, 3(3), 31-33.

Crede, M., Roch, S. G., & Kieszczynka, U. M. (2010). Class attendance in college: A meta analytic view of the relationship of class attendance with grades and student characteristics. American Educational Research Association, 80, 272-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/0034654310362998

Darling-Hammond, L. (2000). Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence, Education Policy Archives, 8 (1) pp 154.

Epstein, J. L., and Sheldon, S. B. (2002). Present and accounted for: Improving student attendance through family and community involvement. The Journal of Educational Research, 95(5): 308-317.

Ehsan Latif, S. M. (2013). Class Attendance and Academic Performance: A Panel Data Analysis. The Economic Society of Australia, 32(4), 470-476.

Gonski, D., Arcus, T., Boston, K., Gould, V., Johnson, W., O’Brien, L., … Roberts, M. (2018). Through Growth to Achievement: The Report of The Review to Achieve Educational Excellence in Australian Schools. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Great Schools (2017). Why Attendance Matters, Available [Online] at www.greatschools.org, Date Accessed, 17 March 2021.

Hancock, K. J., et al. (2017). Associations between school absence and academic achievement: Do socioeconomics matter? British Educational Research Journal, 43(3), 415–440. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3267.

Jaykaran, Yadaav, P., Chavda, N., Kantharia, N. D. (2011). Factors associated with performance of second year student in pharmacology examinations. Journal of pharmacology and pharmacotherapeutics, 2(2),123-125.

Kirby A. and McElroy B. (2003) “The Effect of Attendance on Grade for First Year Economics Students in University College Cork”, The Economic and Social Review, 34(3), pp. 311-326.

Kurt, S. "Constructivist Learning Theory," in Educational Technology, February 21, 2021. Retrieved from https://educationaltechnology.net/constructivist-learning-theory.

Lukkarinena, et al. (2016). Relationship between Class Attendance and Student Performance’, Available [Online] www.sciencedirect.com, Date Accessed 09 March 2021.

Macfarlane B. (2013). The surveillance of learning: A critical analysis of university attendance policies. Higher Education Quarterly 67(4), pp.358–373.

McLeod, S. (2019). What are Independent and Dependent Variables, Available [Online] at www.simplypsychology.org, Date Accessed, 14 June 2021

McCluskey, C., Bynum, T. S., and Patchin, J. W. (2004). Reducing chronic absenteeism: An assessment of an early truancy initiative. Crime and Delinquency, 50(2): 214-234

Maynard, B. R., McCrea, K. T., Pigott, T. D., and Kelly, M. S. (2013). Indicated truancy interventions for chronic truant students: A Campbell systematic review. Research on Social Work Practice, 23(1): 5–21.

New Student Induction Pack (2019). Primary Rules and Regulations of the College on Attendance, Gulf College, AY 2018-2019.

Olufunmilayo P. (2017). Class Attendance and Academic Performance of Second Year University Students in an Organic Chemistry Course, African Journal of Chemical Education, Vol.8 No.7

Ricardo D. Paredes (2011). Should Students Be Allowed to Miss? The Journal of Educational Research, 104 (3), 194-201.

Romer, D. (1993). Do students go to class? Should they? The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7, 167-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jep.7.3.167.

Thapa, S. B. (2013). Relationship between education and poverty in Nepal, Economic Journal of Development Issues, 15 & 16 (1):148-161.

The Smith Family (2018). Attendance lifts achievement: Building the evidence base to improve student outcomes, Research Report. The Smith Family.

Wilson, B. G. (2002). Trends and futures of education, Implications for distance education. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 3(1), 103.

Zubrick, S. R. (2019). School Attendance: Equities and Inequities in growth trajectories of academic performance. University of West Australia and Telethon Kids Institute. https://research.acer.edu.au/research_conference/RC2014/4august/7.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i9.3887


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ruel F. Ancheta, Deny Daniel, Reshma Ahmad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).